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Codesria small grants programme for thesis

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Codesria small grants programme for thesis

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Back to Basics: The 15 Most Important Resume Tips for Young Professionals. I’m excited to announce (again!) that my book, Getting from College to codesria grants for thesis, Career: Your Essential Guide to Succeeding in the Real World, will be published in a brand new, fully revised second edition on essay homeschooling, January 31st! In honor of the launch, this month I’m writing series of grants for thesis “back to basics” blog posts on the essentials of getting from college to career. Today I’m sharing my absolute favorite, most impactful resume tips: 1. Don’t reinvent the wheel . Particularly at graduate admission essay tips the beginning of your career, it’s really hard to start your resume with a blank sheet of paper. So don’t. Check out examples of codesria grants programme strong entry-level resumes online or at your university career center and borrow the best ideas for formatting, headings, wording and more. 2. Include key words . Employers’ eyes are naturally drawn to the words they’re looking for indicate a person significant influence #8212; the codesria small grants programme brand names, skills, and experience they need #8212; so make sure you include these terms on indicate a person who has had a essay, your resume. And, be as specific as possible. For instance, “Experience with Photoshop, Illustrator and small programme InDesign through the production of 12 issues of case format on-campus magazine” is much stronger than “Design Experience. The best way to find the right words to use is to look at online job listings for codesria the kinds of positions you’re interested in spatial order and the LinkedIn profiles of people who have the grants programme positions you want. Study Example? Then use some of the prominent words and grants programme for thesis phrases in those job listings and profiles throughout your resume.

3. Tailor your resume to each opportunity. Format? Employers can tell when they’re seeing a generic resume that is being blasted out to codesria programme, anyone and everyone. It’s fine to have such a resume as a template, but then you need to customize it with different accomplishments and for cover page of research paper keywords that fit with the individual companies where you’d like to work. (One warning: if you’re sending your resume to codesria small grants for thesis, a large corporation or posting on the recruiting website of such an organization, you will have to choose just one version.) 4. Quantify everything that’s quantifiable . “Managed a team of business articles camp counselors” is less impressive than “Managed a staff of 12 camp counselors and 5 counselors-in-training.” Quantifying can also give life to administrative tasks: “Receptionist at a 4-doctor medical practice handling over 100 clients per day.” If your work helped to raise money or profits, then numbers are even more important: “Improved sporting equipment sales in my department by small grants for thesis 50% in case study format six months” or “Raised $2,000 through solicitation of programme alumni donations.” Quantifying shows your unique contribution to an organization and also demonstrates that you’re a person who understands the importance of measuring results. 5. Prioritize. Case Format Example? When you list bullet points under each job on your resume (and you should always list bullet points under each job), be sure to list the most important task, accomplishment or responsibility first. It’s highly unlikely that a potential employer is codesria going to read every bullet point under every item on harvard school articles, your resume, but most people will read the first or second bullet point on each list. Grants Programme For Thesis? You don’t have to for cover, list accomplishments chronologically; list the most impressive first. Also note that more challenging jobs (which ideally should be your more recent jobs) should have more bullet points than less challenging work experiences. 6. Don’t forget to codesria small grants for thesis, list internships, volunteer work and unpaid summer jobs . Just because you didn’t get paid for something doesn’t mean it doesn’t count as real experience.

When including unpaid experience on your resume, emphasize the professional skills you’ve developed. Use terms such as “leadership,” “fundraising,” “public relations,” “people management,” and “budgeting” to describe your activities. 7. Note any notables . Case? Be sure to mention anything about small programme you that is unique and uncommon. Some examples include, “Founding president of first-ever entrepreneurial club at harvard school XYZ University,” “Winner of the Anita Lawrence Scholarship for Excellence in Social Studies, awarded to the top junior history student” (remember to explain an award if it’s not nationally known) or “Youngest person ever promoted to assistant manager at local high-end jewelry store.” 8. Don’t highlight something that you despised doing . Small? As you can see, there are many ways to draw a reader’s eye to what you want that person to see on your resume, so avoid these strategies when you don’t want to promote something. In fact, if you’ve had a task or responsibility that you hated and study never want to do again (like selling vacuums door-to-door or cleaning animal cages), then don’t include it on your resume. You can even leave off an entire job if it’s not relevant to your current job search. 9. Don’t ever lie or stretch the truth. This happens way too often, and it’s never a good idea. There are so many reasons not to codesria small for thesis, lie on a resume. First of all, if your lie or truth stretching gets discovered, you’ll lose a job opportunity with that company forever. Paper? Second, if you exaggerate your skills, such as being fluent in Spanish when you really just studied it in codesria grants high school, your lie will become extremely obvious the day you start your job and graduate essay tips you lack the skills you said you had.

10. Keep it to codesria small grants programme, one page . Essay? I’ve seen senior executives with one-page resumes, so I don’t see any reason why a college student or recent grad’s resume needs more than that. Codesria Programme? Remember that your resume is a marketing tool and not a transcript or a laundry list of everything you’ve ever done. By keeping your resume short and sweet, you’re demonstrating that you can edit yourself and sell yourself clearly and concisely, which are both important skills in the professional world. 11. Curb your creativity . In the vast majority of circumstances, it’s inappropriate to present your resume in essay any other format than a simple black font (Times New Roman, Arial, etc.) on a white background.

On hard copy resumes, it is not okay to use colored paper, scented paper, colorful or creative fonts or any other bells and whistles. Recruiters, especially those in the corporate world, laugh at small grants programme for thesis these attempts to stand out and immediately throw such resumes away. It’s also smart to PDF your resume to make sure your formatting looks the same on all computers (and to case, ensure you haven’t left any Track Changes markings #8212; seriously, I’ve seen that happen). Codesria Small Programme? 12. Don’t title your resume document “resume.” This tip comes from Software Advice CEO Don Fornes writing on the Job Bound blog. Study Example? “About a third of applicants name their resume document, ‘resume.doc.’” Don writes. #8220;’Resume’ may make sense on codesria, your computer, where you know it#8217;s your resume. However, on spatial, my computer, it#8217;s one of many, many resumes with the same name…. By using such a generic file name, the applicant misses a great opportunity to brand themselves.” 13. Get professional input . As I recommended in last week’s post on codesria small programme, the 7 essentials of a successful job search, if you can afford a professional resume writer, hire one. If you’re still in paper college, get a free resume critique from small grants programme, your college career center.

If you can’t do either of these things, then ask your smartest, most successful friend or family member (ideally someone who works or has worked in your industry) for help. 14. Leave out homeschooling, unnecessary information . Here is what you should not include on codesria, your resume: references (an employer will request these if desired), the phrase “References upon request” (they know this), a GPA under 3.0 (click here to read my tips on how to get a job if you have a low GPA) or obvious skills (there is no longer a need to say that you know how to use Microsoft Word or Internet Explorer). Essay Homeschooling? You should also remove high school activities once you’re out of college. 15. Codesria Small Grants Programme? Quadruple-check for any typos . Typos happen to the best of indicate a person had a us, so be meticulous about spelling, grammar, formatting and consistency on your resume. Be especially careful with details like whether or not you end each bullet point with a punctuation mark or whether you’ve capitalized all of small grants your job titles. Even a small typo can blow an opportunity, especially if you’ve included “excellent attention to detail” as one of your skills!

And one more bonus tip… Make sure your resume gets read . For Cover Page Of Research? A recruiter once told me he always has two stacks of resumes on codesria small, his desk: one super tall stack of resumes that are submitted online and one very small stack of resumes sent or handed to him by a trusted friend or colleague. Of course you want to be in that smaller, more elite stack. So, always look for for cover page paper an “in” at a company #8212; a friend-of-a-friend, an alum of your university, a LinkedIn connection #8212; who believes in you and codesria grants will recommend you to his or her employer. You can have the best resume in case study example the world, but if a recruiter never sees it you’ll never get the job you want. So, what do you think? Are there any other resume tips I should have included here? Please add your additional tips and suggestions in the Comments! 4 Responses to “Back to Basics: The 15 Most Important Resume Tips for grants programme for thesis Young Professionals” If its recommended that we not title our resume document #8220;Resume#8221;, what are other alternatives? @Keila The best title for the document is specific, e.g., #8220;Jane Doe Resume,#8221; not simply #8220;Resume.#8221; Good luck! For me, the most important thing was to be just different enough to get noticed. Everyone is trying to maximize their resume, so they end up all looking similar.

Putting something unusual, like a dog shelter vounteer or something can make an exec look twice. Graduate? My $.02. Small Grants Programme For Thesis? Job Search Advice for 2015 Graduates - Lindsey Pollak. [#8230;] my career to sharing job search advice that can help new grads figure it out, like basics on case study, how to build a resume and where to start a job [#8230;]

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Simple and grants programme for thesis, Clean Resume Templates. Hiring managers look at a person who has significant influence, very many of resumes. Their eyes get tired quickly, and having to small grants, look at elaborate resumes doesn’t help. In fact, fancy resume formats make the recruitment process even harder, since hiring managers have to look past the case study example design elements in order to get to the content. Small Grants? Many job seekers believe that an eye-catching resume alone will help them land a job. However, that is not usually the case.

A clean, simple resume can help you stand out from the pool of essay applicants by being easy to read and codesria small grants for thesis, pleasant to look at. Professional resume formats will often use minimalist formatting to capture the attention of a hiring manager and a person who has had a, showcase experience and skills. In this guide, we’ll talk about which types of employers prefer a simple resume format over a modern or creative one. We’ll also walk you through how to format and codesria programme for thesis, write a resume using one of our free resume templates. Let’s get you on the path to harvard business articles, creating your resume today.

A simple resume does not need to be a boring one. In fact, a simple resume format requires a lot of creativity because it should be both pleasing to the eye and tailored to your experience and desired job. A simple resume can be more conservative or more trendy, depending on for thesis which template you use. All of our templates here have clean, simple layouts, but there is a lot of variety within the case format simple resume format, so you can choose one that suits your work history best. What Jobs Require a Simple Resume? If you’re applying to a conservative or old-fashioned place of grants employment, a simple resume is the way to go.

The legal field is an indicate who has had a influence essay, example of programme for thesis a conservative workplace. So are most professions in finance and many large corporate offices. Tips? If the job you want has a conservative dress code, you should probably use a simple resume format. This is like a dress code for your resume. Although a simple resume format is small for thesis essential in those types workplaces, a well-crafted simple resume can also impress a potential employer in a creative, modern field. If you’re going after a job where design is important, then knowing how to use simple design elements without relying on fancy fonts or borders can actually make your resume stand out. Font, formatting, color scheme, and case study format, use of white space all make an attractive simple resume.

This requires solid design knowledge. Whether you’re applying to be a graphic designer or a fashion designer, a simple resume can be an excellent example of codesria grants programme your creative skills. If you’re applying to a newer company, the employer can also be impressed by a clean, traditional simple resume, even if the corporate culture is graduate essay more laid-back. Many startups and grants programme, tech companies use a minimalist aesthetic for their offices, websites, and products. You can show you’re a good fit by for cover page of research reflecting that same clean aesthetic in codesria small grants for thesis, your resume. You need to harvard school articles, decide what you’ll be putting on codesria small programme for thesis your resume before you can write and format it. To help you decide what should go on your resume, you can use your existing resume or you can note down some specifics about your skills and essay, experience.

What you put on your resume will also depend on small grants programme the details of the desired job and the job description. If you’re applying in a person who has had a influence essay, the medical field for example, it’s important to have a section for certifications and credentials. If you’re applying for small a retail job, however, this section is probably not necessary. Here are the essay sections that should always go on your resume: Here are some ideas for optional sections: Career Objective, Objective Statement, or Professional Summary Interests and codesria programme for thesis, Activities Relevant Skills Achievements and Awards References. Your resume should have the minimum number of sections necessary to showcase your abilities as a job candidate. Apa Style For Cover Page Of Research? Ruthlessly delete unnecessary information. Now that you’ve decided what sections to include, it’s time to format those sections into a beautiful, simple resume. You don’t need to do this work on your own. Codesria Grants? We’ve compiled a list of simple resume templates you can use.

However, you should know about essay good resume design so you’ll know how to best customize the codesria small for thesis template you choose. Essay? With all of our resume templates, you can change the bullet points, fonts, colors, and small grants programme for thesis, arrangement as needed. Avoid large blocks of text in homeschooling, your resume. Having white space between sections adds balance. If a section on your resume involves a list (such as a “Skills” section), you will want to choose a template with bullet points. Codesria Small Grants? These make your resume look organized and easy to graduate, read. There’s nothing wrong with a classic font like Times New Roman, but a simple resume often looks best with a clean, modern, sans-serif font like Helvetica Neue. If you choose to use font colors to dress up your resume, use them sparingly.

Pick just one or two colors to highlight aspects of your resume. Programme For Thesis? For example, you might choose a conservative color, like gray or dark blue, for example resume headers. Make sure any font color you choose is codesria small grants easy to read. Page Of Research? Avoid pink, yellow, and lighter shades, which look unprofessional and are hard to notice. Always be consistent. Have your “Objective” header in the same color as your “Education” header. Don’t write your “Skills” section in Times New Roman and your “Work History” section in Helvetica. The following common resume mistakes make your resume look too complicated and poorly designed:

Too many colors and fonts Hard-to-detect colors and fonts Unconventional fonts like Comic Sans Elaborate borders Colored or needlessly fancy paper Too many sections Unnecessary images Inconsistent formatting. If your resume is codesria for thesis overly designed or messy, employers will be distracted from the content and more likely to spatial order in essay, put your resume in the “No” pile. A really elaborate resume might even be automatically discarded before it gets read. Once you’ve chosen the right resume template for you, it’s time to write your unique resume content. If you’ve never written a resume before, use one of our detailed resume guides, or a free resume builder to help you get started. A simple resume is about more than just layout. There should be simplicity in your phrasing too. This is the case for all resumes, but especially for one with a simple design.

Don’t hide your impressive experience under flowery language or long sentences. State things simply so employers can easily learn about you. It may be tempting to add detail with more words, but wordiness will only make your resume look messy. Keep in mind that many job applications will also require a cover letter, where you can add more detail about your experience. It doesn’t all need to go on your resume.

Use active verb forms and short sentences or bullet points when describing things like skills or achievements. Find places to cut or reword. It’s okay to use sentence fragments in your bullet points. Not only do these points make your resume look good, they also make it more likely that a prospective employer will read all of codesria small grants it. We have a variety of free simple resume examples to suit your needs, including chronological, functional, and format, combination resumes.

Using what you’ve just learned in this guide, look through these templates and choose one that suits your current job search best. Then customize it to reflect what you have to codesria small programme for thesis, offer as a unique job candidate. Good use of white space gives this professional resume template an open feel while subtle colours add design touch. Essay Homeschooling? Two main sections let you detail your experiences and codesria small programme, education in a reverse chronological order. Size: 183 B Downloads: 103697 Filename: upfront.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:18:00 / 6327. Very compact and neat professional layout. Notice how the use of essay homeschooling red text draws the codesria grants for thesis eye. Just the page of research paper right amount in the right places can be really helpful to codesria grants programme, the reader. Size: 183 B Downloads: 103067 Filename: neat.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:38:00 / 4968. Traditional format with light orange headers and subtle gray titles.

Great sample resume for graphic designers, corporate writers, or administrative professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 52717 Filename: subtle-creativity.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 19:42:00 / 6315. Margin column for titles and headings provides lots of in essay space for detailed, paragraph statements. Perfect resume example for codesria business, industrial, or vocational professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 34032 Filename: broad-appeal.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:48:00 / 6348. Labor, manufacturing, educational, and service industry skills template. Good use of who has had a influence essay white space to codesria programme for thesis, catch the eye with blue section divider lines and large, bold section titles. Size: 183 B Downloads: 17061 Filename: commencing.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 22:42:00 / 6409. Just a bit of colour and creative use of order indent make add a creative twist to this very traditional straight-forward design. Indented text helps the headings stand out. Size: 183 B Downloads: 16056 Filename: indent-line.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 17:22:00 / 5631.

Excellent sample for those with lots of skills and training and codesria grants for thesis, maybe not a lot of experience. Bold headings with vertical divider lines and case study example, blue titles provide focus for small for thesis the reader. Size: 183 B Downloads: 15309 Filename: fresh-take.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:54:00 / 6092. Conventional, two-page layout with profile photo and red and blue fonts add design touch. Graduate Essay? Plus signs used for bullet points. Great for technology, engineering, or financial career seekers. Size: 183 B Downloads: 14466 Filename: creative-conventions.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:32:00 / 6023. Two-page format with a two-column layout offers much space for multiple sections. Light blue titles and dashed section lines add design touch.

Give all of your details here. Size: 183 B Downloads: 13273 Filename: point-left.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:57:00 / 6354. Subtle red titles and for thesis, block, sans serif fonts give this template a stately feel. Great use of paper white space complements paragraph descriptions of your experiences, strengths, and objectives. Size: 183 B Downloads: 13079 Filename: stately.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:19:00 / 6065. Touches of red shadings and gray background really draw in the reader#039;s focus. Programme For Thesis? Plus signs used for bulleted lists with room for essay homeschooling multiple sections. Size: 183 B Downloads: 12904 Filename: bold-red-shading.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:34:00 / 6345. Check box bullets tick off all of your great career highlights in codesria small programme, this two-page resume with blue section divider lines. Excellent resume style for very experienced and accomplished professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 12725 Filename: accomplished.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 17:47:00 / 6135.

Perfect use of typography to draw attention to your name and a short message. Horizontal and vertical lines help to divide up the information for had a influence essay an easy read. Size: 183 B Downloads: 10157 Filename: important-message.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:46:00 / 4977. Small profile picture and thin, blue-shaded headers add design to codesria, this classic format with lots of study space for summary texts and bulleted lists. Small For Thesis? Business, health and IT professionals benefit here. Size: 183 B Downloads: 9065 Filename: packed-classic.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 11:53:00 / 5908. Light brown headings and vertical bright green dashed lines catch the page paper eye and break content into easy to read sections. Codesria Small Programme? Bold titles bring focus to key experiences and skills.

Great sample for admission essay tips marketing, public relations, or communications professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 8747 Filename: beaming.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 19:15:00 / 6278. Bold, open squares and small grants for thesis, thin black lines divide the two-column page layout. Dates and key words offset in case study format example, the margins act as section intros. Codesria? Excellent template for university and IT job seekers. Size: 183 B Downloads: 8619 Filename: checkmark-timeline.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 12:18:00 / 5929. Thin and graduate admission essay tips, thick blue lines define each squared section with headings in bold, white fonts to give this template pop. Size: 183 B Downloads: 7127 Filename: blue-pop.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-07 20:24:00 / 5795. Offset one-column layout with red and orange colours and bold, large headers and small grants, titles with paragraph descriptions. Creative sample with a business feel.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 7014 Filename: next-level.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 20:32:00 / 6342. Section titles offset in the margin with blue and order, light gray fonts. Small vertical lines used to small grants programme, separate columns. Excellent template for those who have been in one industry for several years. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6472 Filename: industry-lifer.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:49:00 / 6041.

Dark black section dividers complement light green and blue fonts and essay, bullets. Large, three-columned Core Skills section for codesria grants for thesis many key attributes. Serif font type completes mature, professional feel. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5792 Filename: cosmopolitan.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:41:00 / 6032. A traditional format that portrays a simple elegance. Business School Articles? An initialed ribbon provides a smart touch which can be personalized with you initials, your highest qualification or your most prestigious award. Small Programme For Thesis? Bullet points help you to squeeze in a lot more information without making your resume too long. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5627 Filename: elegant-traditional.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:35:00 / 4958.

Two-page, one-column layout with red and orange for spatial order headings and small grants programme, titles. Lots of space for detailed, paragraph descriptions. Business School? Corporate and academia feel with this sample. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5626 Filename: tidy.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-09 19:23:00 / 6287. Traditional layout with bold and italic font types.

Large red square with white font provides good space for objective. Great sample for corporate, IT, and nonprofit job seekers. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5560 Filename: bold-red.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 13:37:00 / 5993. This simple block colour really makes a statement and is the codesria small grants perfect backdrop for the black text. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5118 Filename: pretty-pink.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 18:13:00 / 5665. One look and for cover page of research paper, everyone will know who you are. Small Grants Programme For Thesis? The placement size and bold text really make the name on this resume stand out.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 5106 Filename: name.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:44:00 / 4974. Large and business school articles, small margins add white space while offering plenty of codesria small programme room for multiple sections. Order? Bold orange and blues for grants programme for thesis titles focus the reader. Graduate Admission? Great template for entry level positions or new graduates. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4695 Filename: offset.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:08:00 / 6056.

Bold section titles with arrow points and codesria grants, light maroon titles give this sample a vivid touch. Full page layout for multiple sections to graduate admission essay tips, let you list plenty of information. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4652 Filename: striking.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:38:00 / 6080. This block and bulleted resume offers a professional-looking style. The enlarged font size for the objective section clearly defines your goals.

Size: 183 B Downloads: 4501 Filename: professional-block.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 19:31:00 / 5711. The use of small grants bold text, simple colours, underlines and spacing makes this a very easy read. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4376 Filename: simple-underline.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 17:46:00 / 5649. Plus signs and lines outline each area with arrows providing the bulleted direction to apa style of research, your skills and experience. Scientific, data, and IT feel with this one. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4303 Filename: plus.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 19:46:00 / 5724. Easy to scan, one column template with section and title headings in colour as well as all caps make your information quick to read. Codesria Small For Thesis? Large Skills Abilities section great for apa style of research the career changer. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4123 Filename: academia.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 20:17:00 / 5748. Open and grants, airy one-column format centered on the page. Blue headings and bold titles with plus signs and outlined circle bullets provide subtle design appeal.

Service and a person who has had a significant, labour workers take a look here. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4083 Filename: breezy.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:35:00 / 6026. Colour contrast and different font types dictate the style and impact of small for thesis this resume. The use of the red always pulls you back to the name of the admission essay applicant. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3990 Filename: simple-red.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 18:02:00 / 5655.

Oversized captions for small programme for thesis key words or job titles. A Person? Small profile photo with blue shaded section headers. Excellent use of space for intern experience, new graduates, and creative professionals. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3942 Filename: caption.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 18:00:00 / 6144. Want a different way to distinguish your sub-headings from your headings?

This layout shows how different shades of the same colour can do this. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3823 Filename: mono-shading.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:48:00 / 4986. Light blue titles, bold headings, and carat bullets with good use of small grants programme for thesis white space in this basic resume template. Perfect example for service industry and labour staff as well as new graduates. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3335 Filename: burgeoning.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:52:00 / 6089. Simple layout with bold headings and thick lines to separate different sections. Not the best format if you have a lot of information to include. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3183 Filename: simple-central.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 18:10:00 / 5662. Offset sections balance out this sample. Indicate Who Has Had A Influence Essay? Good use of codesria small grants programme for thesis white space helps focus the reader#039;s eye.

Orang titles provide design touch. Great format to school articles, take your few years of experience to the next level. Size: 183 B Downloads: 1182 Filename: moving.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 18:05:00 / 6147. Thin margins with stacked sections provide lots of area for grants programme all of your achievements. Unique Projects area lets you describe your accomplishments. IT, project management, and senior-level sample. Size: 183 B Downloads: 167248 Filename: substantial.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:36:00 / 6077.

Thin page border and section divider lines with red and bold, black titles and key words provide an executive feel. Project managers, directors, and senior VPs can do well with this example. Size: 183 B Downloads: 11562 Filename: top-level.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 16:42:00 / 6083. A compact resume format that draws the reader’s eye to the important information across different sections. Size: 183 B Downloads: 10827 Filename: in-a-nutshell.docx Uploaded: 2015-10-10 08:21:00 / 8305.

Two well-defined columns give this sample structure. Thick, orange-coloured bar graphs make your capabilities pop on the page and the italicized, muted gray job titles add the professionalism. Size: 183 B Downloads: 10053 Filename: raise-bar.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 20:28:00 / 5758. What stands out in harvard business school, this sample is the Skills section. This format provides an small grants for thesis, instant snapshot of your skill levels that looks very professional and easy to read. Size: 183 B Downloads: 9660 Filename: self-assessment.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:47:00 / 4980. Entry-level workers ready for the next step here. Conventional sections with blue headers and apa style page paper, light gray arrows and codesria small programme for thesis, open circular bullets point all of your strengths and skills.

Plenty of in essay room for codesria small grants programme for thesis goals, key word lists, and more. Size: 183 B Downloads: 7397 Filename: space.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-08 15:38:00 / 6029. A very smart style that gets straight down to business. Can you summarize your abilities into a couple of sentences? Most prospective employers don#039;t have a lot of time to read through lengthy resumes. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6467 Filename: classic-elegance.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 11:36:00 / 4961.

Great use of harvard articles contrasting text colour and line thickness to small programme for thesis, differentiate between sets of information. Size: 183 B Downloads: 5487 Filename: section-lines.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 17:49:00 / 5652. Small margins and order in essay, thin gray shadowed headings with white fonts offer lots of room in codesria small grants, this example. Spatial In Essay? Multiple sections for small programme your training, certifications, skills, and articles, other information. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4862 Filename: traditional-plus.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-07 21:02:00 / 5836. Just a bit of colour goes a long way in breaking up information. Size: 183 B Downloads: 4623 Filename: nonsense.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-06 19:10:00 / 5698. Bold headings and shading flush out this sample with plus signs and open circles for bullet points. Good skills resume for those with lots of small for thesis experience and indicate a person significant, training outside the traditional job environment. Size: 183 B Downloads: 3894 Filename: skilled.docx Uploaded: 2014-05-07 20:05:00 / 5783. Bold, black headings and section dividers with light-gray lines used for bullets and blue font type for small your name make this a non-traditional traditional template.

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Essay on Religion: Meaning, Nature , Role and other details (5931 Words) Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and other details! Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. Small Programme. It is found in all societies, past and spatial, present. All the preliterate societies known to us have religion.

Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. It is a very ancient institution. There is no primitive society without religion. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9d/Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg/1280px-Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of codesria men. Order. While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. It is the small, social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and economic aspects of life. Case Study. It is said that man from the small for thesis, earliest times has been incurably religious.

Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the world. Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Religion is pre-eminently social and is found in nearly all societies. Majumdar and for cover of research, Madan explain that the word religion has its origin in the Latin word Rel (I) igio. This is codesria grants for thesis derived from two root words. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”. Harvard Business. The second root is Lig, meaning ‘to bind’.

The first root refers to belief in and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”. The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions. Central to all religions is the concept of faith. Programme For Thesis. Religion in this sense is the organisation of homeschooling faith which binds human beings to their temporal and transcendental foundation. By faith man is distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and private matter.

Faith is small something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason. Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to order in essay a word governing power which seeks to grow into a living union with it.” According to James G. Grants Programme. Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the course of nature and of human life”. As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and the feelings of awe and self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of worship and prayer.” Arnold W. Green defines religion as “a system of beliefs and symbolic practices and objects, governed by faith rather than by knowledge, which relates man to an unseen supernatural realm beyond the for cover page of research paper, known and beyond the controllable.” According to Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the term, implies a relationship not merely between man and man but also between man and some higher power.” As Gillin and Gillin says, “The social field of religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the supernatural plus crest and behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.”

Thus, there are numerous definitions of religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. Small Grants Programme For Thesis. As a matter of fact the significant influence essay, forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to small programme for thesis agree upon a definition. Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to deal with those powers. Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to essay very recent days, has not been a matter of morality at small grants programme, all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. Religion, in fact, is not a mere process of mediations about man’s life; it is also a means of case format preserving the values of life. While it is codesria for thesis possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism. In sociology, the word religion is apa style for cover page used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and codesria grants for thesis, perplexities of life.

According to Radin it consists of two parts: (a) Physiological and (b) psychological. The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. The psychological part consists of supernormal sensitivity to certain traditions and beliefs. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. If we analyse the great religions of the case, world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and (5) some method of salvation. The first basic element of religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers.

These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. There are even others who do not call them by codesria grants for thesis, any name. Of Research. They simply consider them as forces in their universe. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the small grants programme for thesis, first element of religion. There are certain holy or sacred elements of religion. These constitute the essay homeschooling, heart of the religion. There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred. But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. An attitude makes a thing holy. The sacred character of a tangible thing is not observable to the senses.

Sacred things are symbols. They symbolize the things of the unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of codesria programme animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is imagined to represent. Religious ritual is “the active side of page of research paper religion. It is behaviour with reference to super empirical entities and sacred- objects”. It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in codesria small grants for thesis the Ganga for example, instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of reverence, usually performed with other people and in public. Small Grants For Thesis. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Case. Failure to perform these acts is codesria grants for thesis considered a sin. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and profane (unholy). Essay Homeschooling. They are certain moral principles which are explained to have a supernatural origin. It is believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles.

The violation of small programme for thesis these principles creates man’s sense of guilty. It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the supernatural powers. If the harvard business school, behaviour is not in accordance with the religions code, the behaviour or act is considered as sinful. A method of salvation is the codesria grants, fifth basic element of religion. Man needs some method by which he can regain harmony with the Gods through removal of guilt. In Hindu religion Moksha or Salvation represents the end of order life, the realisation of an inner spirituality in codesria small grants for thesis man. The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life. The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. Indicate A Person Influence. The Buddhist hopes to attain Salvation by being absorbed in codesria small grants programme the Godhead and entering Nirvana.

The Christian has a redeemer in graduate tips Christ who gave his life for man’s sins. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about supernatural forces. It is more or less coherent system of beliefs and practices concerning a supernatural order of beings, forces, places or other entities. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of grants for thesis human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions. Prior to spatial order the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the codesria small for thesis, chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Hence, it is obvious that religion performs a number of functions both for influence, the religious group and for the wider society. These functions of religion are discussed bellow. 1. Religion Helps in the Struggle for Societal Survival: Religion may be said to help in the struggle for societal survival. Rushton Coulborn has shown that religion played a crucial role in the formation and early development of seven primary civilisations: Egyptian Mesopotamian, Indian, Cretan, Chinese, Middle American and Andean.

Religion in codesria small grants each of harvard business articles these societies gave its members the courage needed for survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to small programme certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in example a rational manner. In present societies religion also performs this role. By relating the empirical world to the super-empirical world religion gives the individual a sense of security in small programme this rapidly changing world. This sense of security of the indicate influence essay, individual has significance for the society. Since religion helps man to forget the suffering, disappointments and codesria programme for thesis, sorrows in this life’, social dissatisfaction and social unrest become less frequent and the social system continues functioning. 2. Tips. Religion Promotes Social Integration: Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in several ways. Religion plays an important part in crystallising, symbolising and reinforcing common values and codesria grants programme, norms. It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour.

Common faith, values and norms etc. are significant in homeschooling unifying people. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. Grants For Thesis. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and sentiments. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations. By distinguishing between holy and unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for the values and this symbol becomes the case example, rallying point for all persons who share the same values. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to Hindu society.

Religion performs its function of integration through social control. Codesria Small Grants For Thesis. It regulates the conduct of individuals by enforcing moral principles on them and by prescribing powerful sanctions against them for essay homeschooling, violation. 3. Codesria Small. Religion helps to knit the Social Values of a Society into a person who has had a significant essay, a Cohesive Whole: It is the ultimate source of social cohesion. Small Grants Programme. The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is perpetuated. These social values emanate from religious faith. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to men; people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion. It is religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon his wants and desires.

All the religions have preached love and non-violence. They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. 4. Religions Acts as an Agent of Social Control: It is one of the means of informal means of social control. Religion not only defines moral expectations for members of the religious group but usually enforces them.

It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. It makes certain forms of social behaviour as offences not only against society but also against God. Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by society. Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in India. 5. Religion Promotes Social Welfare: Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. Help and graduate admission, assistance are rendered to poor and destitute persons due to religion inspiration. It is believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of religion by way of giving alms and assistance to the helpless and small programme, needy persons. In this way religion promotes the welfare of indicate a person significant influence individuals, groups and grants programme for thesis, community. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and culture.

The priests laid the foundations of medicine. Magic supplied the roots of essay observation and experimentation from which science developed. Codesria Programme For Thesis. It also inculcated the habit of essay homeschooling charity among the codesria small grants programme, people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. 7. It Rationalizes and Makes bearable Individual Suffering in the known World: Religion serves to soothe the man in essay times of his suffering and disappointment.

In this world man often suffers disappointment even in the midst of all hopes and achievements. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to console and compensate him. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of condolence. On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Faith in God compensates him and sustains his interest in life and makes it bearable. In this way religion helps man to bear his frustrations and grants, encourages him to accept his lot on earth. 8. Religion Enhances Self-importance: It expands one’s self to infinite proportions. Homeschooling. Man unites himself with the codesria grants programme, infinite and feels ennobled.

Through unity with the infinite the a person influence essay, self is small made majestic and triumphant. Man considers himself the noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and luminous. Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Religion supports institutional pattern more explicitly. All the great religions of the world have attempted to regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and family. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the emperor of China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the kings of France were supposed to rule by divine right. Religious rites are performed on essay homeschooling many occasions in codesria small programme relation to vital events and dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and they are intimately concerned with family and kinship interests and case, with political institutions. Religion is the central element in the life of civilisation. Religion has also performed some other services to humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of small programme work, the spread of education, the for cover page of research paper, accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class.

For thousands of codesria small programme for thesis years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. Even today religion is called upon to support rulers, contacts and other legal procedures. In addition to positive functions of religion, there are some negative aspects of its social functions. Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole. Sumner and Keller, Benjamin Kidd, Karl Marx, Thomas F. O’ Dea and others have pointed the dysfunctions of religion. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. 1. Religion Inhibits Protests and Hinders Social Changes:

According to Thomas F. O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to the welfare of the society. All protests and conflicts are not always negative. Protests and conflicts often become necessary for bringing out changes. Some changes would certainly lead to positive reforms. By inhibiting protests and preventing changes religion may postpone reforms.

2. Graduate. Hampers the Adaptation of Society to Changed Conditions: Social values and for thesis, norms emanate from religious faith. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. This can “impede a more functionally appropriate adaptation of society to harvard articles changing conditions.” For example, during the grants programme for thesis, medieval Europe, the Church refused to grant the ethical legitimacy of money lending at case study example, interest, despite the codesria, great functional need of this activity in a situation of developing capitalism”. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. School Articles. Similar social conflict is evident in the case of birth control measures including abortion, in codesria programme the Catholic world. 3. Religion may Foster Dependence and Irresponsibility: Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. But it does not develop an ability in them to assume individual responsibility.

For example, a good number of people in India prefer to take the advises of priests and religious leaders before starting some ventures. But they do not take the suggestion of apa style paper those who are competent in the field. In its course of development religion has supported and promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the codesria small, supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It is this control function of religion that caused Marx to call religion as “the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of order in essay soulless conditions.

It is the opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the programme, status quo. Religion is the source of many superstitions. These superstitions have caused harm to human being. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the order in essay, desire of the God etc. hinder the welfare of human beings. Religion results in inter-group conflicts by dividing people along religious lines. It is deeply related with conflicts. Wars and codesria programme for thesis, battles have been fought in the name of religion. Sumner and Keller are of the opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. Study Format. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. Religion creates diversities among people.

It creates a gap among them. In the name of God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people. Religion has made people blind, dumb and deaf to the reality. They have faith without reasoning which is blind. On the contrary, it has often made people to codesria programme become bigots and fanatics. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past. Religion preserves traditions. It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of a person had a influence essay status quo. Religion is not readily amenable to social change and progress. 12.

Religion Retards Scientific Achievement: Religion has tried to prevent the scientists from discovering new facts. For example, it tried to suppress the doctrines of Darwin, Huxley and others. By placing high premium on divine power religion has made people fatalistic. They think that all events in life is for thesis due to some divine power and order, hence due to fate. Codesria Small Grants. As a result, his power and potentiality is undermined. Thus, religion affects the graduate admission essay, creativity of man. Marx has strongly criticised religion.

For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and codesria small grants programme for thesis, especially the economic sphere. For him therefore religion is, to be sure, superstition, but to stop at this point is to limit religion to merely abstract belief. It leaves the impression that religion may be dislodged simply by new, rational belief. Marx’s sense of the matter is essay homeschooling more profound. Merely changing beliefs is not enough. The transformation of an entire social order is required, for belief is deeply rooted in the social relations of men. Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and grants for thesis, self-feeling of man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. But man is no abstract being, squatting outside the world.

Man is the world of man, the state, and society. This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. Religion is the compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification. It is the fantastic realization of the human essence because the human essence has no true reality. Marx believed, like Luduig Feuerbach, that what man gives to God in for cover the form of worship, he takes from himself. That is, man is persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to project what is his to a supernatural being. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is not religious forms – against which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the economic forms of existence. The abolition of religion as the “illusory happiness” of the people is required for their real happiness, declared Marx. But before religion can be abolished the conditions which nurture it must be done away with. “The demand to give up the grants, illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusion”.

Marx’s criticism of religion is essay thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of politics. As Marx put it… “The criticism of heaven transforms itself into the criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into the criticism of law and small programme for thesis, the criticism of theology into the criticism of politics”. Marx was an atheist as well as a great humanist. He had profound sympathy for all who look up to religion for salvation. This is amply clear from his following observation: “The criticism of case religion ends with the codesria, teaching that man is the highest essence of man, hence with the categorical imperative to overthrow all relations in which man is debased, enslaved abandoned…” Change is the very essence of a living thing. A living religion must grow, must advance and must change. No form of religion is static. In some cases the change may be slow and minor, in others relatively rapid and major.

Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and eternal. Hence, there is also an element of censure for spatial order, change. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to codesria simple and (iii) mixing forms. Contact with complex form of religion adds many new elements in the simple form of tribal religion. For example, with the gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the essay, Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. There are also examples of simplification of complex form of religion, specially of programme rituals and ceremonies. Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against the Vedic ritual which was both complex and expensive, and also beyond the common man’s reach. In the 19 century, Brahmo Samaj again tried to simplify the complex nature of Brahmanic Hinduism. Mixing of more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation. The most excellent example is of Sophism.

It has evolved from Persian, Zoroastrianism and Arab Islamism. Indicate A Person Who Has Significant Essay. Sikhism, Kabirpantha and many other Santa-Sampradayas of their kind are Sanatan Hinduism, modified by Buddhism and Suphism. The history of the small grants programme for thesis, development of religion shows that as mankind moves from admission essay tips small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the character of influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of life, played a dominant part. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by grants for thesis, natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions.

As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to format civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over man and his society loses its importance. Small. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularisation. Thus secularisation as Bryan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. It means that religious beliefs and homeschooling, practices have tended to codesria small programme decline in modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the working class in Western societies. Religion in Western societies has tended to place less emphasis on spatial dogma and more on small grants for thesis social values. It has tried to reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge.

As Barnes has pointed out religion adapted to our changed conditions of life is worth preserving and it must seek to organise. The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the business school articles, dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from codesria programme for thesis simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. However, the process of secularisation has affected the domination of religious institutions and symbols. The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. But the process of secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and reformation in the fifteenth and homeschooling, sixteenth century. The process was very slow. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of small religion in India. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. No doubt we are moving from religiosity to secular way of life.

But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in indicate a person essay West as well as in small grants programme our society. First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and graduate essay tips, North America. Second, the vitality of Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in Latin America and Sikhism, fundamentalism and communalism in India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation. All these criticisms are formidable indeed. But it should be noted that the codesria grants programme, diversity of religious sects and cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and not a dominant feature of social life. It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the influence of religion on man and essay homeschooling, his life changes. Small Grants Programme For Thesis. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of page of research paper mankind were very much influenced by it. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over man and his society loses its importance.

This movement is sometimes referred to as secularization. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the codesria small for thesis, dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from a simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. ‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to admission ‘the process by which sectors of society and programme, culture are removed from the essay homeschooling, domination of religious institutions and symbols. Brayan Wilson argues that the following factors encouraged the development of rational thinking and a rational world view. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and codesria, anti-emotional.

Secondly, the spatial in essay, rational organizations, firms, public service, educational institution, Government, the State which impose rational behaviour upon them. Thirdly, the greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the development of physical, biological and social sciences. He says that this knowledge is based on reason rather than faith. He claims that science not only codesria small, explained many facts of life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of indicate a person had a influence its explanation in practical results. The term ‘secularisation’ has been used in different ways. Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the concept. Others have included discrete and separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. The range of codesria small for thesis meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary. There are two meanings of the word current in modern and modernizing India and even in the whole of this subcontinent. One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary.

But there is the difficulty in finding the other, for it is non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. This secularism chalks out an area in public life where religion is not admitted. One can have religion in one’s private life. Order In Essay. One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of worship. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind.

In contrast, the non-Western meaning of secularism revolves round equal respect for codesria for thesis, all religions. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in the English language. It is held that India is not Europe and hence secularism in India cannot mean the same thing as it does in Europe. What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse? As long as there are clear and commonly agreed referents for graduate, the world in the Indian context, we should go ahead and address ourselves to the specifically Indian meaning of secularism. Programme For Thesis. Unfortunately the matter cannot be settled that easily. The Indian meaning of secularism did not emerge in ignorance of the European or American meanings of the word. Indian meaning of secularism is debated in its Western genealogies. New meaning is acquired by apa style for cover page, the word secularism in for thesis India.

The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in the Indian languages, by neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. This is translation of graduate admission essay those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to refer to the range of meanings indicated by the English term. The term dharma-nirapekshata cannot be a substitute of secular or secularism which is standardly used in talking about the role of religion in a modern State or society. Dharma-nirapekshata is the outcome of vested interests inherent in for thesis our political system. Dharma-nirapekshata is understood in terms of practice of admission essay any religion by any citizen. Besides, the State is not to give preference to any religion over another. But this term is irrelevant in programme a democratic structure and it bears no application in reality because three principles are mentioned in the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the State, permits the practice of spatial order in essay any religion, equality which requires that State not to codesria programme for thesis give preference to any religion and spatial, the principle of neutrality).

Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’. In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State. Hence, the original concept will not admit the Indian case with its range of references. Well-established and well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of Western or Indian model. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an codesria programme emphasis on the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to religious teaching, a strong element of the homeschooling, theological doctrine and a refusal to compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. If there is any trend of decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the process of grants for thesis secularisation. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in graduate admission essay tips which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. Religion in America is subordinated to small programme for thesis the American way of life. It means that religious belief and practices have tended to decline. Secularism is taken to mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and political field. Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for for cover page paper, coexistence of religions does not mean secularism.

There are other aspects of codesria secularism. Secularism is related to rationalism and empiricism. Secularisation involves reduction of religious influence on graduate men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of superstitions and blind beliefs. Grants Programme. In this manner, the process of case format example secularisation implies the following assumptions. The process of secularisation implies the transformation of religious institutions as a whole. There is the small grants programme, need to secularise the religious institutions. This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and values. The religious institutions undergo a process of change in the context of changing society. In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’ . This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. Action is not directed by religious beliefs.

People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and their own lives without the benefit of religious interpretation. Articles. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of consciousness’. Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’. That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the grants programme for thesis, modern type. Secularisation also implies rationality.

Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of religion. It is apa style for cover based on testing of arguments and beliefs by rational procedure, on asserting truth by means of factors which can be quantified and objectively measured. Religion is based on faith. Codesria Small Grants. Its claim to case format truth cannot be tested by rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the basis of religion. It removes the mystery, magic and authority of religion. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces. The process of secularisation as the most important component of the process of modernisation is occurring in different forms in various contemporary societies.

Like modernisation, this process is good and desirable for the welfare of mankind. Finally, it is both a product and a process. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to codesria small for thesis post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: