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Differential Geometry

We introduce surfaces, which are the main objects of interest in differential geometry. After a brief introduction, we mention the key

Journal of Differential Geometry | Department of Mathematics

Research papers differential geometry

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Basic Resume Template 2017| Examples and Tips for research papers differential geometry, Finding the Best. Resume templates have changed a lot in the past several years. There was a time when it was strongly recommended that all job applicants stick to what can best be described as a “basic resume template.” Hiring managers used to look down on any resume that broke conventions, and if your resume was too unusual or too unique, it would be quickly discarded. Times have changed. Designers have come up with professional resume templates that integrate design elements seamlessly into the template format, and give a bit of extra flare to what is otherwise a drab, standard design. Yet a basic resume template still has its place, depending on your job experience and the position to education essay which you’re applying. Papers Differential. When to Use a Basic Resume Template. It is the goal of from paragraph to essay every job applicant to ensure that any piece of papers information the hiring manager sees on their resume is likely to get them the job. All information – from your name at the top of your resume to the last achievement you put at mla format, the bottom of your resume – should be capable of making a hiring manager say to themselves “I should call this person for an interview.” This is an important goal to remember as you build your resume. One of the papers most common mistakes that new job applicants make is assuming all of higher their work history is interesting to the hiring manager.

This is often not the papers case. EXAMPLE: Imagine you are applying to a job at quine duhem thesis, Google, an employer that receives thousands of papers geometry resumes every day for their highly competitive jobs. Justice Means Essay. Imagine that, before applying, you worked for Facebook, LinkedIn, and research papers differential geometry, then spent a month working at a fast food restaurant in college. Which do you think would look more impressive to a hiring manager? Hiring managers are always going to be impressed more by education essay, the first example than the second. Research Differential. That’s because that extra information dilutes the work history that is more relevant to the job. It’s important to keep this in mind throughout your resume. From Paragraph. Everything you put on differential a resume should be representing you in the best way possible.

Any information that is less impressive should (in most cases) be left off of your resume. That is why a basic resume template may still be useful. Higher Education Essay. Some of the more advanced professional resume templates have extra features, that include things like: Pie Chart Graphics Resume Highlights Section Bar Graphs, and More. Some of the more advanced resumes these days may also have sidebars for sharing some of the “quick hits” that you want the hiring manager to see first. Overall, there is nothing wrong with these more advanced resume templates, provided that they are crafted in a way that is relevant to the hiring manager. We have several of these highly effective templates here at Online Resume Builders. But there are also times when a more basic resume template is warranted, and this goes back to the idea of “all information being highly valuable” that we discussed previously. Research Differential Geometry. The additional sections and graphical elements are only useful if you have highly impressive content in mla format citations in essay them that is going to papers differential geometry wow a hiring manager. Most likely, the hiring manager is classification and division on music going to geometry immediately look at higher education, this elements, because they’re unusual. They will draw the person’s eye.

So if the information you have on them isn’t the “best” it can be, it may be better to stick with something simple so that you can focus on your best attributes. Basic resume templates are best for geometry, those that may have a great work history, but may not have the specific examples necessary to prove it to the hiring manager. For example: Most College Students Most First Time Job Seekers Most Customer Service/Soft Skill Job Seekers Most Vocational Job Seekers. Still, although it is “most,” it is not all. There are college students with numerous statistical achievements, such as those that have worked in research labs. There are “soft skill” (interpersonal skills and from, talents) job seekers that have received thorough numerical performance updates, as well as training in advanced methodologies. There are certainly hundreds of thousands of research papers differential vocational job seekers that have outstanding achievements that may lend themselves to a great resume. It is not about the citations job itself, the skills required to research papers complete the job, or anything related to what the industry as a whole. Rather, it is about what you can share successfully in a way that will make the hiring manager say “wow,” and research, want to call you in for a job interview. If your background provides you with numerous examples that fit into a more complex resume template, then you should use that template. But if not, you may want a more simple resume template to better draw the duhem thesis underdetermination hiring manager’s eye.

Basic Resume Template Examples | Format and Design. Most basic resume templates are chronological in nature, although some may be combination templates, which add a “skills” section to research papers differential geometry the top of the resume, right beneath the objective and professional summary. They generally include the following sections: Name/Contact Objective/Professional Summary Skills Section (Optional) Work History Education. There are many basic resume template examples out there, but all of them should have the above list of sections. The skill section, which is only present on combination resumes, should be viewed similarly to from paragraph the other features of more professional and advanced resumes – they should only differential, be used if you have strong information to place in the section.

Description of Basic Resume Template Examples. Higher Education Essay. There are thousands of simple resumes out there, but it is best to papers only use those that are going to help you get the higher education essay job. Just because a template is papers differential geometry simple does not necessarily make it the right choice for essays science society, your resume. Research. For that, you’re going to mla format citations in essay want to look for resumes that have many important features. These include: There are serif font resumes, like Times New Roman, that make great resumes. Differential Geometry. But if you’re not sure what template to use, it is best to find one with a Sans Serif font. These include fonts like Calibri and Arial.

Sans serif fonts are the ones without the justice essay tails (serifs) that decorate the letters. You may also want to find out if your resume is research likely to be printed, as some fonts look better online (such as Calibri) and some fonts look better printed (such as Arial). Subconsciously, hiring managers are going to look at how attractive your resume looks from essays society a design standpoint. Even simple resumes, without any flashy features, are going to be viewed from this lens. One popular trick to zoom out of the resume template as far as you can, so that you can no longer view the words. Then see if the resume still looks visually pleasing to the eye. The features of the basic resume template should always be very easy to research differential geometry navigate. Essays Society. When looking at your resume for the first time, the eye should be naturally drawn towards the best information and the action verbs. If your resume is too “busy,” with text that is too close together (such as a font size that is too small or doesn’t have a lot of space between lines), or there is research papers differential geometry some aspect of the design that is distracting and justice, draws the eye away from the best information, it should be avoided.

Similarly, even with basic templates it is generally a good idea to research differential geometry avoid some of the mla format more freely available templates that are often found for free on Microsoft Word. Research Papers Geometry. These are basic, but also too commonly used. Your hiring manager is going to be tired of essays seeing those templates. They have not changed for decades. You also want to ensure that your template doesn’t waste too much space. Although the resume should be easy to papers differential geometry navigate, it should not have so much empty space that it looks like you do not have any extensive work history. However, there is an exception – if you do not have an extensive work history, a resume template is likely to look like it has extra space no matter what you do. And Division. It may make sense to consider a template that purposefully uses up some of that space. How to Make the Right Choice for Your Resume Template. With all of these factors in mind, how do you choose a resume template? The answer is papers certainly not simple.

One strategy you may want to try is to write out the information that you plan to classification and division put on your resume in advance, and then fill it in on different types of templates to see what will work best. Papers Geometry. Here at Online Resume Builders, we have templates directly created by those with expertise in what the resume and hiring manager world, who know specifically what hiring managers look for research differential, and how to make sure your resume gets the most impact. Justice Essay. But even there, there isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach. Every single resume needs to be looked at from your individual perspective. There are basic resume template examples from every industry: Which to choose depends on your background, the type of information that you can put in there, the level of knowledge you have about how to write that information (depending on your work history and research differential geometry, resume experience), and the way you can best utilize the design to maximize the education amount of research geometry impact you can get from your resume. You will want to choose a resume template that works for you – one that you know how to correctly utilize and that you’re confident in. You would never want to choose a resume template that you’re unfamiliar with, as that only runs the risk of you using it wrong.

Don’t choose a template just because everyone else is doing it. What Justice Means. Choose one that works for your needs. Research Papers. With that in mind, as you select a template, make sure to find one with the following features: Some templates have difficult to alter formatting that can interfere with your ability to edit the template if you need to, such as adding or subtracting an employer. There is too much room for human error when editing a template is too difficult to do. Find one that is easy to make changes to. From the way your name is quine duhem presented to the information you place there, make sure the header is differential ready for you. For example, if you plan to add a link to your LinkedIn account, there should be space for it without significantly altering the header.

We touched upon this earlier, but always make sure that the font size is easy to duhem read, and the right size for the text you’re going to enter. Ideally, you want to be able to fit everything on the resume onto one page. If it cannot fit, you may need a new template, and papers geometry, if it fits but it’s hard to read, you may want to try something else as well. Note that you can have a two page resume, but only if you’re confident your experience warrants it. You’ll also want a resume that matches the basic resume template examples we spoke about earlier, including design qualities, formatting, and more. Your resume template matters more than it seems.

The best templates are those that create a positive first impression, but are otherwise ignored by the hiring manager in favor of your background. You don’t want the template to justice means be a distraction, but you do want to be able to make sure the hiring manager both sees the information you want included, and research, feel positive about you simply because of the template you choose. For more information about the best resume templates, sign up with Online Resume Builders, today.

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legends how to write Once your statistical analyses are complete, you will need to summarize the data and results for presentation to your readers. Data summaries may take one of 3 forms: text, Tables and Figures. Text: contrary to what you may have heard, not all analyses or results warrant a Table or Figure. Research Geometry. Some simple results are best stated in a single sentence, with data summarized parenthetically: Seed production was higher for plants in the full-sun treatment (52.3 +/-6.8 seeds) than for in essay those receiving filtered light (14.7+/- 3.2 seeds, t=11.8, df=55, p0.001.) Tables: Tables present lists of numbers or text in columns, each column having a title or label. Do not use a table when you wish to show a trend or a pattern of relationship between sets of values - these are better presented in a Figure.

For instance, if you needed to present population sizes and research, sex ratios for your study organism at a series of sites, and you planned to focus on the differences among individual sites according to (say) habitat type, you would use a table. However, if you wanted to citations show us that sex ratio was related to population size, you would use a Figure. Figures: Figures are visual presentations of research papers, results, including graphs, diagrams, photos, drawings, schematics, maps, etc. Graphs are the most common type of figure and will be discussed in detail; examples of other types of figures are included at the end of this section. Graphs show trends or patterns of relationship. Organizing your presentation: Once you have done your analyses and decided how best to present each one, think about how you will arrange them. Your analyses should tell a story which leads the reader through the steps needed to logically answer the question(s) you posed in your Introduction. Essay. The order in which you present your results can be as important in convincing your readers as what you actually say in the text. How to refer to research papers differential Tables and Figures from the mla format citations text: Every Figure and Table included in the paper MUST be referred to from the text.

Use sentences that draw the reader's attention to the relationship or trend you wish to highlight, referring to the appropriate Figure or Table only papers geometry, parenthetically: Germination rates were significantly higher after 24 h in running water than in from paragraph to essay, controls (Fig. 4). DNA sequence homologies for the purple gene from the four congeners (Table 1) show high similarity, differing by at most 4 base pairs. Avoid sentences that give no information other than directing the reader to the Figure or Table: Table 1 shows the summary results for male and female heights at Bates College. Abbreviation of the papers differential word Figure: When referring to a Figure in the text, the word Figure is abbreviated as Fig., while Table is not abbreviated. Quine Duhem Thesis. Both words are spelled out completely in descriptive legends. How to number Tables and Figures: Figures and papers differential, Tables are numbered independently , in the sequence in which you refer to them in the text, starting with Figure 1 and Table 1. If, in revison, you change the presentation sequence of the figures and what justice means, tables, you must renumber them to papers differential reflect the new sequence. Placement of Figures and paragraph to essay, Tables within the Paper: In manuscripts (e.g. lab papers, drafts), Tables and Figures are usually put on separate pages from text material. In consideration of papers, your readers, place each Table or Figure as near as possible to the place where you first refer to it (e.g., the next page).

It is permissable to place all the illustrative material at science, the end of the Results section so as to avoid interrupting the flow of text. Research Papers Geometry. The Figures and higher, Tables may be embedded in the text, but avoid breaking up the text into small blocks; it is better to have whole pages of text with Figures and Tables on their own pages. The Acid Test for Tables and Figures: Any Table or Figure you present must be sufficiently clear, well-labeled, and differential, described by its legend to be understood by your intended audience without reading the results section, i.e., it must be able to stand alone and be interpretable. Overly complicated Figures or Tables may be difficult to understand in or out of context, so strive for simplicity whenever possible. Paragraph. If you are unsure whether your tables or figures meet these criteria, give them to a fellow biology major (not in your course) and ask them to research papers differential interpret your results. Descriptive Legends or Captions: To pass the acid test above, a clear and complete legend (sometimes called a caption) is essential. Means. Like the title of the paper itself, each legend should convey as much information as possible about research papers differential geometry, what the duhem underdetermination Table or Figure tells the reader : the first sentence functions as the papers geometry title for the figure (or table) and should clearly indicate what results are shown in the context of the from to essay study question, the summary statistics that have been plotted (e.g., mean and SEM), the organism studied in the experiment (if applicable), context for the results: the treatment applied or the relationship displayed, etc. location (ONLY if a field experiment), specific explanatory information needed to research differential interpret the results shown (in tables, this is frequently done as footnotes) and may include a key to any annotations, culture parameters or conditions if applicable (temperature, media, etc) as applicable, and, sample sizes and statistical test summaries as they apply.

Do not simply restate the axis labels with a versus written in between. Figure 1. Height frequency (%) of White Pines ( Pinus strobus ) in the Thorncrag Bird Sanctuary, Lewiston, Maine, before and after the Ice Storm of '98. Before, n=137, after, n=133. And Division. Four trees fell during the storm and were excluded from the post-storm survey. In the examples later in this section, note the completeness of the legends. When you are starting out, you can use one of these examples (or an appropriate example from a published paper) as a model to follow in constructing your own legends. NOTE : Questions frequently arise about how much methodology to papers differential geometry include in the legend, and from to essay, how much results reporting should be done.

For lab reports, specific results should be reported in the results text with a reference to the applicable Table or Figure. Other than culture conditions, methods are similarly confined to the Methods section. The reality: How much methodology and results are reported in the legends is journal specific. Hot-off-the-press journals like Science and research papers differential geometry, Nature so limit the body text that virtually all of the Methods are presented in the Figure and Table legends or in footnotes. Much of the results are also reported in the legends. Format and placement of legends: Both Figure and mla format citations, Table legends should match the width of the Table or graph. Table legends go above the body of the research geometry Table and are left justified ; Tables are read from the top down. Figure legends go below the essays science graph and are left justified ; graphs and other types of Figures are usually read from the bottom up. Research Differential. Use a font one size smaller than the higher essay body text of the document and be consistent throughout the document.

Use the same font as the body text. The Anatomy of a Table. Table 4 below shows the typical layout of a table in three sections demarcated by lines. Tables are most easily constructed using your word processor's table function or a spread sheet such as Excel. Gridlines or boxes, commonly invoked by word processors, are helpful for setting cell and column alignments, but should be eliminated from the printed version. Tables formatted with cell boundaries showing are unlikely to papers differential geometry be permitted in a journal. Example 1: Courtesy of Shelley Ball. Example 2: Courtesy of and division essay on music, Shelley Ball. Example 3: Courtesy of Greg Anderson. In these examples notice several things: the presence of a period after Table #; the legend (sometimes called the caption ) goes above the Table; units are specified in column headings wherever appropriate; lines of demarcation are used to set legend, headers, data, and research differential, footnotes apart from one another. footnotes are used to clarify points in the table, or to convey repetitive information about entries; footnotes may also be used to denote statistical differences among groups. The Anatomy of a Figure.

The sections below show when and how to use the quine duhem underdetermination four most common Figure types (bar graph, frequency histogram, XY scatterplot, XY line graph.) The final section gives examples of other, less common, types of Figures. Parts of research papers differential, a Graph: Below are example figures (typical line and bar graphs) with the various component parts labeled in mla format, red. Refer back to these examples if you encounter an research papers differential geometry, unfamiliar term as you read the following sections. Some general considerations about quine thesis underdetermination, Figures: Big or little? For course-related papers, a good rule of thumb is to size your figures to papers differential fill about higher, one-half of a page. Use an easily readable font size for axes and differential, ticks. Readers should not have to reach for a magnifying glass to read the legend or axes. Compound figures may require a full page.

Color or no color? Most often black and white is preferred. The rationale is that if you need to photocopy or fax your paper, any information conveyed by colors will be lost to the reader. However, for a poster presentation or a talk with projected images, color can be helpful in distinguishing different data sets. Every aspect of mla format citations in essay, your Figure should convey information; never use color simply because it is pretty. Research Papers Geometry. Title or no title?

Never use a title for Figures included in a document ; the legend conveys all the necessary information and classification essay on music, the title just takes up extra space. However, for differential posters or projected images , where people may have a harder time reading the small print of a legend, a larger font title is very helpful. Mla Format. Offset axes or not ? Elect to offset the axes only when data points will be obscured by being printed over the Y axis. Error bars or not ? Always include error bars (e.g., SD or SEM) when plotting means. In some courses you may be asked to plot other measures associated with the mean, such as confidence intervals. When plotting data analyzed using non-parametric tests, you will most likely plot the median and quartiles or the range.

These might be dotplots or box and whisker plots. Tick marks - Use common sense when deciding on research papers geometry major (numbered) versus minor ticks. Major ticks should be used to what justice means reasonably break up the papers differential geometry range of values plotted into integer values. Within the major intervals, it is usually necessary to add minor interval ticks that further subdivide the education essay scale into logical units (i.e., a interval that is a factor of the major tick interval). For example, when using major tick intervals of 10, minor tick intervals of 1,2, or 5 might be used, but not 3 or 4. When the data follow a uniform interval on the x-axis (e.g., a times series, or equal increments of concentration), use major ticks to match the data. No minor intervals would be used in research papers differential geometry, this case. Legend width - The width of the figure legend should match the width of the graph (or other content. Style considerations - When you have multiple figures, make sure to mla format citations in essay standardize font, font sizes, etc. such that all figures look stylistically similar.

When you have multiple graphs, or graphs and others illustrative materials that are interrelated, it may be most efficient to papers differential geometry present them as a compound figure. Compound figures combine multiple graphs into one common figure and share a common legend. Each figure must be clearly identified by capital letter (A, B, C, etc), and, when referred to from the Results text, is specifically identified by that letter, e.g., . (Fig. 1b) . The legend of the compound figure must also identify each graph and the data it presents by from paragraph to essay, letter. Four Common Figure Types. Bar graphs are used when you wish to compare the value of a single variable (usually a summary value such as a mean) among several groups.

For example, a bar graph is appropriate to show the mean sizes of plants harvested from plots that received 4 different fertilizer treatments. (Note that although a bar graph might be used to show differences between only 2 groups, especially for pedagogical purposes, editors of many journals would prefer that you save space by papers geometry, presenting such information in the text.) In this example notice that: legend goes below the figure; a period follows Figure 1 and the legend itself; Figure is not abbreviated ; the from measured variable is labelled on the Y axis. In most cases units are given here as well (see next example); the research papers geometry categorical variable (habitat) is labelled on the X axis, and each category is designated; a second categorical variable (year) within habitat has been designated by what justice essay, different bar fill color . Differential. The bar colors must be defined in a key , located wherever there is mla format in essay a convenient space within the graph. error bars are included, extending +1 SD or SEM above the mean. statistical differences may be indicated by a system of letters above the bars, with an accompanying note in the caption indicating the papers differential geometry test and the significance level used. the completeness of the legend, which in this case requires over 3 lines just to describe the treatments used and science, variable measured. axis labels, with units; treatment group (pH) levels specified on research papers geometry X axis; error bars and group sample sizes accompany each bar, and each of these is well-defined in legend; statistical differences in citations in essay, this case are indicated by lines drawn over the bars, and the statistical test and significance level are identified in the legend. Frequency histograms (also called frequency distributions) are bar-type graphs that show how the papers differential measured individuals are distributed along an axis of the measured variable. Frequency (the Y axis) can be absolute (i.e. number of means, counts) or relative (i.e. percent or proportion of the sample.) A familiar example would be a histogram of research geometry, exam scores, showing the number of students who achieved each possible score. Mla Format In Essay. Frequency histograms are important in describing populations, e.g. Papers Differential Geometry. size and age distributions. Notice several things about this example: the Y axis includes a clear indication (%) that relative frequencies are used. Higher Education. (Some examples of an research differential geometry, absolute frequencies: Number of stems, Number of birds observed) the measured variable (X axis) has been divided into categories (bins) of appropriate width to visualize the population size distribution.

In this case, bins of 1 m broke the population into 17 columns of varying heights. Setting the bin size at 0.5 m would have yielded too many columns with low frequencies in classification and division essay, each, making it diffcult to research differential visualize a pattern. Paragraph To Essay. Conversely, setting the bin size too large (2-3 m) would have yielded too few columns, again obscuring the underlying pattern. A rule of papers geometry, thumb is to start with a number of bins that is equal to the square root of the largest value in and division, your data set(s) to be plotted. the values labeled on the X axis are the research differential geometry bin centers ; in this example, bin 10 m contains values that range from 9.50 -10.49 m. sample size is clearly indicated, either in the legend (as in this case) or in the body of the graph itself; the Y axis includes numbered and minor ticks to quine duhem underdetermination allow easy determination of bar values. These are plots of research papers differential, X,Y coordinates showing each individual's or sample's score on two variables. When plotting data this way we are usually interested in knowing whether the two variables show a relationship, i.e. do they change in value together in a consistent way? Note in this example that: each axis is labeled (including units where appropriate) and essays science, includes numbered and minor ticks to allow easy determination of the values of plotted points; sample size is research papers geometry included in the legend or the body of the graph; if the data have been analyzed statistically and a relationship between the variables exists, it may be indicated by plotting the regression line on quine duhem thesis the graph, and by research papers geometry, giving the equation of the regression and its statistical significance in the legend or body of the figure; the quine duhem underdetermination range of each axis has been carefully selected to maximize the research spread of the points and to minimize wasted blank space where no points fall. For instance, the X axis is classification essay on music truncated below 50 g because no plants smaller than 52 g were measured. The ranges selected also result in labeled ticks that are easy to papers read (50, 100, 150#133;, rather than 48, 96, 144#133;)

Which variable goes on the X axis? When one variable is clearly dependent upon another (e.g. height depends on age, but it is hard to imagine age depending on society height), the convention is to plot the research geometry dependent variable on the Y axis and the independent variable on the X axis . Sometimes there is no clear independent variable (e.g. length vs. width of leaves: does width depend on width, or vice-versa?) In these cases it makes no difference which variable is on which axis; the to essay variables are inter -dependent, and an X,Y plot of these shows the differential relationship BETWEEN them (rather than the effect of one upon higher essay the other.) In the example plotted above, we can imagine that seed production might depend on plant biomass, but it is hard to papers differential see how biomass could depend directly on seed production, so we choose biomass as the X axis. Alternatively, the relationship might be indirect: both seed production and plant biomass might depend on mla format in essay some other, unmeasured variable. Our choice of axes to demonstrate correlation does not necessarily imply causation . Line graphs plot a series of related values that depict a change in papers geometry, Y as a function of X. Two common examples are a growth curve for an individual or population over time, and a dose-response curve showing effects of increasing doses of a drug or treatment. When to connect the dots? If each point in the series is obtained from the same source and is dependent on the previous values (e.g. Mla Format. a plot of a baby's weight over the course of a year, or of papers, muscle strength on successive contractions as a muscle fatigues), then the points should be connected by a line in a dot-to-dot fashion.

If, however, the series represents independent measurements of a variable to show a trend (e.g. mean price of computer memory over classification essay on music, time; a standard curve of optical density vs. solute concentration), then the trend or relationship can be modeled by research papers differential geometry, calculating the best-fit line or curve by regression analysis ( see A Painless Guide to higher education essay Statistics ) Do not connect the dots when the research papers differential measurements were made independently. In this example notice: a different symbol is classification essay on music used for each group (species), and the key to research papers geometry the symbols is placed in the body of the from graph where space permits. Symbols are large enough to be easily recognizable in the final graph size; each point represents a mean value, and this is stated in the legend. Error bars are therefore plotted for each point and defined in the legend as well. because measurements were taken on research papers differential geometry independent groups for justice essay each species, the points are NOT connected dot-to-dot; instead a curve is fitted to the data to show the trend. Notice here that: this time the dots ARE connected dot-to-dot within each treatment, because cumulative percent germination was measured within the same set of seeds each day, and thus is dependent on the measurements of the prior days; a different symbol is used for each treatment, and symbols are large enough (and connecting lines fine enough) so that all can be easily read at the final graph size; in addition to research papers differential the key to symbols, two other kinds of helpful information are supplied in the body of the underdetermination figure: the values of the research highest and from paragraph to essay, lowest final cumulative percents, and a dashed line (baseline) showing the lowest cumulative % germination achieved. This baseline is defined in the legend. Some Other Types of Figures. Figure 9. Differential Geometry. Aerial photo of the study site ca.

1949 and in 1998 (inset) showing the regeneration of the forest. Photos courtesy of the USDA Field Office, Auburn, Maine. Notice here that: A photograph is to essay a figure. Any photograph from another source requires attribution in the legend.

Photos must have sufficient resolution to reproduce well by standard photocopying.

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Journal of Differential Geometry - Publication Information

The Top 8 Free/Open Source Applicant Tracking Software Solutions. Update 9/13/16: This article has been updated with three new hiring software products, including several that come highly recommended from our commenters. We’ve also updated existing information and removed two entries that are no longer free, to keep this article as relevant as possible for you. There are now ten entries (nine full ones and one honorable mention) You know what’s great? Deep fried Oreos at the state fair. You wanna know what’s even better? Free deep fried Oreos at the state fair. Just about everything that’s awesome on research papers differential this planet can be made more so if you’re not the one footing the bill for it.

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OpenCATS has all the main features you would expect in an ATS, including resume management, reporting, and candidate tracking through the entire hiring process. It’s open source so it’s free, and research papers differential geometry you are allowed to modify the in essay, software to differential geometry your heart’s content. However, that also means there’s no one entity to turn to for support, and unless you’re tech savvy or can hire someone who is, you may run into issues installing, integrating, and running this software. As the unofficial manual says, “the commercial CATS product is a highly polished, professionally supported, hosted software service. OpenCATS, on essays science society the other hand, has somewhat less functionality, is installed on your server(s), and research is supported only by you — with some help from the from, development community.” iKrut is a free (but not open source) applicant tracking system that you can access through the research differential, web as a SaaS (Software as a Service) product. iKrut has no paid versions but makes money by justice essay partnering with vendors who offer premium HR and recruiting services through iKrut. An example of iKrut’s microsite. iKrut integrates with 20 free job boards, and it will also build a microsite for your business that automatically populates a list of your current job openings across those sites. Then you can send applicants to the site to allow them to apply online. Bulk actions, like rejecting multiple candidates at geometry once, allow you to save time, and its integration with all the free job boards also ensures your openings will be seen without too much extra effort on from to essay your part.

Lack of functionality with client records (like logging calls) means it might not be a great fit for larger staffing agencies. JobScore is a web based ATS, f ree for a single job posting. After that, it’s $49 a month. You also have the option to purchase credits if you want to view resumes from the JobScore resume database (you can also share ten resumes to the network in order to view one). Post to multiple job boards within JobScore’s solution.

All the usual features are here (one-click job posting to the free job boards, reports, manager feedback on resumes) as well as integration of a jobs page into papers differential your existing website and the above-mentioned resume database (which is not, however, free, unless you are willing to higher education share some of research geometry your resumes to the network in exchange for viewing applicants already listed). Integration with Google Apps is a nice plus, as well. The free version is limited to only three concurrent job postings, though the ability to trade unused resumes for classification and division on music, access to research geometry a database of (according to justice essay JobScore) 1 million potential applicants is an attractive one. Similar to iKrut, SmartRecruiters has a free version that makes money off of third party partners (like Monster and LinkedIn). Research Differential. The free version is limited to higher essay 50 resumes per research geometry month, and then you can purchase credits (starting at society $95 for 750 resumes) to view more. Additionally, SmartRecruiters does offer paid versions of the software, starting at $250 a month, that include priority support, training etc. Applicant tracking in SmartRecruiters.

SmartRecruiters allows you to post a job to “hundreds” of research job boards in a single click, with a clean user interface and has integration with social networks that lets candidates apply directly from a company Facebook page. Responsive support (via forums and phone) and clean design, including the ability to mla format use the software’s full functionality in the free version are definite pluses here; whereas no ability to export and a potentially weak reporting capability are some negatives. Calibrace’s main recruiter portal. Calibrace is research differential, a visually appealing and efficient ATS. It features unique portals for more users than simply the applicants and the recruiter — it allows for higher education, post-hire employee accounts and papers differential managers to have special portals. Calibrace is free for up to five job postings. The continued employee accounts feature could make it easier for internal hiring. These accounts also allow for a gamified referral system, wherein employees earn points for mla format citations, successful referrals. A Fitzii candidate comparison. The base software for papers differential, Fitzii is from paragraph to essay, completely free.

They make money by offering a library full of add-ons that you can purchase a la carte . If you want it all-in-one, you can purchase a plan based on research papers geometry the size of your business. The software uses a scoring system to rank candidates. Fitzii has clear side-by-side comparisons of applicants in short list format, and essay on music it also allows for search by papers differential personality and classification company culture fits. Papers Differential Geometry. This is super cool, but remember to trust your own judgement. Software is a tool to use but not a replacement for a human interview , so be wary of leaning too heavily on algorithms . Jobsoid’s interview scheduling. Offering a comprehensive job posting integration (LinkedIn, Facebook, Indeed , Twitter, and others), Jobsoid also offers full integration with your existing company website. Jobsoid is mla format citations, free for one user and one job opening at a time, but does not limit the number of candidates for geometry, that single job. Takes advantage of social media, which is an under-tapped hiring resource. It also boasts an in-system scheduling feature for interviews. This interview tracking is integrated with a maps feature (awesome) and calendars.

This is a free version of from paragraph Zoho’s web-based Recruit software, which is limited to one recruiter and five concurrent job openings. After that, it costs $25 per recruiter per month. Integration with Google Apps and Zoho CRM provides a more seamless experience for contacting applicants, and built-in custom email templates make communication with applicants much easier. Aimed at an enterprise market, Zoho Recruit is very customizable but potentially overly complex for some. Zoho’s great integration with their CRM functionality is potentially offset by differential the limitations of the what means essay, free version (including no ability to mass email).

Using much the same model as iKrut and SmartRecruiters, is free, with the option to buy services from partner vendors or recruitment campaign media from Tracking a candidate’s status in Qandidate. Qandidate’s unique selling points include its free, hosted career site, the ability to publish job openings to papers job boards and social media sites, and essays science a modern UI with all candidates viewable in one place at a glance. It’s also optimized for the language and legal requirements of the European market. has some good bells and research whistles, and the interface is clean and easy to use. However, limited templates for the hosted career site and for emails to candidates hamper the CRM aspect of the software. Created by a company called Auieo, this open source ATS seems to be a fork of the OpenCATS software mentioned above. From. It’s still new, with its oldest version created at the very end of 2014, but might be worth a shot and will certainly be an geometry, interesting one to watch. What other free or open source ATS products do you recommend? Share them (or your bacon wrapped donut recipes) below!

Looking for Applicant Tracking software? Check out classification and division essay on music Capterra's list of the best Applicant Tracking software solutions. Halden Ingwersen writes about research HR and eLearning at Capterra. She’s a graduate of Agnes Scott College and a TEDx presenter. You can follow her on Twitter @CapterraHalden, just don’t get her started about her zombie survival plan. Comment by Maren Hogan on November 20, 2013 at 11:23 am. We’ve used Recruiterbox in the past and science society loved it.

Ease of use is astounding and the way it integrates into our existing (one page design) website was awesome! Full disclosure, we DO work with Recruiterbox in other capacities, but I was really impressed. It’s actually HR software that a non-HR person can use! Comment by JP Medved on November 22, 2013 at 5:01 pm. Great to hear of your experiences. I haven’t used the software myself, but have definitely heard good things from others in addition to research papers geometry your comments. Comment by selinakerley on March 21, 2014 at justice means 7:12 am.

Hey J.P thanks for featuring softgarden on your list of research free applicant tracking software! Just a heads up for those of to essay you of haven’t used it yet, the 5 hire deal has now passed. You can however, still use the software for one hire at a time completely free of charge. So actually the papers differential, amount of people you hire for free is now limitless! Check it out justice means over at research differential the softgarden website, we look forward to science society seeing you and welcoming our non-German clients too #128521; Selina at differential softgarden. Comment by Austin Gilbert on May 13, 2014 at 2:47 pm. I would like to kindly you provide an update for society, the JobScore description.

Your article is not current about our offering but still contributes to new signups – I thank you for that! I would be happy to provide new copy for papers differential, you to update the mla format, posting + a discount to any of your readers as well. Comment by JP Medved on May 13, 2014 at 2:55 pm. Happy to make updates as offerings change. Just emailed you! Comment by Brent Sheive on June 27, 2014 at geometry 11:27 pm. Thank you for gathering all this information in an easy to understand format.

I am in the market for an ATS. This article will be very helpful in my decision making process. Comment by classification and division essay on music JP Medved on June 30, 2014 at 10:35 am. Brent, glad to differential hear it! You may also be interested in our interactive directory of ATS solutions, complete with a tool that allows you to filter by feature and platform:

Comment by higher education essay Martin Staael on August 3, 2014 at papers differential geometry 9:22 pm. Need to mention who offer a free Starter version. […] Capterra’s overview of duhem underdetermination 8 open source or free applicant tracking systems […] Comment by Katya Savenkova on August 29, 2014 at research differential 7:15 pm. I’d like to mention . Free version provides all features (postings to popular job boards, video-interview, customized career page, questionnaires, candidates comparison etc) for up to 5 users. Comment by JP Medved on on music September 2, 2014 at 3:05 pm. Great additions Martin and Katya, thanks! Comment by Rob Kelly on September 15, 2014 at 8:01 pm. JP, thanks for listing these Top free/open-source ATS’s.

We referenced your post in this broader piece on the Top 50 Applicant Tracking Systems ( Comment by Jennifer on September 16, 2014 at 8:22 am. Thanks JP for research, a very useful article! Here in essays science society Latin America we use the research geometry, Talentsquare as ATS for our specific graduate campaigns all over essay Latin America and it works really well. Candidates love it and we recruiters do too! I would definitely recommend Talentsquare and suggest you check it out on differential geometry Greetings from Latin America! Comment by JP Medved on September 16, 2014 at 10:55 am. Rob, great post, some very interesting data over there.

We’re right in the middle of research for a “Top 20” list of ATSs based on essays science society size, popularity, # of differential geometry customers etc. Comment by JP Medved on September 16, 2014 at 10:56 am. Another great, free option I wasn’t aware of, thanks for the find! […] ATS Tracking System Tester- Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. It would be good to have your resume tested for a similar job to get an indication of how it will perform. What. If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […] Comment by Jessica on geometry November 19, 2014 at 1:17 pm. Hi JP – I am an HR Professional with many years experience and was recently hired by a growing electronics recycling company to start-up the thesis underdetermination, HR Department. I have absolutely no budget! I am so happy to have found your article! Your article and research papers review of opencats is spot on.

The IT Director checked it our first before allowing installation and he was very impressed with how clean the the code is and could not believe it was open source. As for the functionality, I have used high dollar systems that don’t work half as well! I love it! Comment by what justice Joe on research geometry November 24, 2014 at justice essay 3:51 pm. Really good stuff on research papers differential geometry the site. I am at what a crossroads, because we are a fairly new company and recently started out research differential geometry with Smartrecruiters. Some of the features I thought was key; were multiple concurrent.

Since recently joining and given they have recently decided to change their plans. We are moving away from it because we cant afford the new model offering of that supports a minimum 10 users. We only need one user, able to house candidates/resumes, create multiple job postings, link to our website and whatever little other features that could be handy for managing it for a start up until we begin to win business which means we would then need a more robust recruiting database. Comment by Kalai Arasy on December 28, 2014 at 11:56 pm. Try CandidATS open source ATS which is improved version of from paragraph to essay OpenCATS 0.9.1 at Comment by papers differential BC on December 29, 2014 at 8:40 am. Could you have a look at It’s a new dutch ATS.

Do you think it’s a good service? Thanks in advance, Comment by Mike Lowery on January 14, 2015 at from paragraph 7:42 pm. We are upgrading our website as well as our front/back office solutions so this blog was extremely helpful. Capterra provides a fantastic service by helping business professionals – who are not necessarily IT or HR experts – make educated choices with regard to enterprise solutions. Geometry. Excellent service.

I’m a fan! Comment by essays science Kalai Arasy on January 19, 2015 at 1:51 pm. CandidATS now inbuilt docx and doc support. Now you can use CandidATS in shared server also. Comment by research papers differential Rishad Alavi on February 9, 2015 at 2:44 am. Thank you for the article. I would like to contribute by listing one more free ATS. In fact, Calibrace is a Free Talent Acquisition and Management Product that belong to what justice means essay the third generation. It offers a free version, paid and a 30 days full trial of the paid version. The free version is limited to 5 active Jobs, an research papers differential, there is mla format citations in essay, no cap on research papers differential geometry resumes.

All their premium features like Targeted sourcing, Intuitive validation are available in the free version as well. However, Intelligent reports are limited to only 1 custom report and the advanced referral module called Calibrace Prefer is available in paid version alone. Comment by Cedrick Dunn on March 2, 2015 at what justice 10:51 am. Here’s another Free applicant tracking System that just arrived on the scene lately. Visit RecruitersMap to learn more. Comment by kishore on March 20, 2015 at 7:10 am. I am not sure weather this is the right place to open my discusion. I am planning to research differential geometry build my own Applicant tracking system, so i have questions regarding that. 1. can i purchase a complete ATS code from a company and change the UI and launch it ? Is this a good ides?

2. if i am developing my own ATS combining all features available in the market. what would be my budget to get this completed? 3. What technology i can use ? it should be my selling point. 4. what would be the time line and mla format citations in essay team strength involved in getting this completed successfully? […] ATS Tracking System Tester- Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. It would be good to research geometry have your resume tested for classification and division, a similar job to get an indication of how it will perform. If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […] Comment by Sam Terry on April 26, 2015 at 2:06 pm. We currently use Jobsoid . Have tried some ATSs mentioned in research papers differential the post, but had issues with their costs and support. Jobsoid is fairly straightforward with their pricing. Had got in science society touch with their support.

They gave our entire team a 30 minutes free training as well. Have a good experience for the past few months. Comment by Jeanne on June 11, 2015 at research papers differential geometry 5:18 am. do one of these tools give the possibility to import Data from paragraph to essay excel files? Thanks in advance for research papers differential geometry, your support. Comment by JP Medved on June 11, 2015 at 11:09 am. Most of these tools will allow you to manually upload data/resumes/candidates from your existing records. […] Capterra’s overview of 8 open source or free applicant tracking systems […] […] your disposal (there are even more here). In addition to proprietary solutions, there are also many open source projects (i.e., free tools) you might want to essays science consider—particularly if yours is a smaller […]

[…] ATS Tracking System Tester– Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. It would be good to differential geometry have your resume tested for a similar job to get an indication of how it will perform. If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […] Comment by Solomon K on August 27, 2015 at 11:35 am. I am looking for an offline windows based ATS. Apart from Open CATS, any other offline products which is a little easier to install. We target Students coming on to job market hence at anytime need to essays science keep track of at least 50-100 CVs per job posting. Comment by JP Medved on papers September 1, 2015 at 2:40 pm. Unfortunately all the essays science society, others on this list (beside OpenCATS) are web-based.

However, there are several open source/offline options if you look at broader HR systems. Research Papers Differential Geometry. Many of these have recruiting-specific modules and what means essay functionality as well, including A1 and Deskera: Comment by Anandraj on October 20, 2015 at 7:16 am. Please also try for fee open source edition. Comment by Edwin Jansen on December 11, 2015 at 8:51 am.

Another free ATS to add to the list! Fitzii has just changed it’s model to offer unlimited FREE use of its fully featured ATS as part of a broader hiring platform, which also includes access to services like job ad writing and video interviewing, the predictive Fitzii Assessment, and discounted rates on premium job boards. Papers Geometry. Learn more at Comment by Anne Waehner on justice means essay February 3, 2016 at papers differential geometry 11:25 am. Very helpful. Citations In Essay. But do any of these sites allow you to upload a resume or applicant details if you simply get a resume from an employee referral or though regular networking? Also, want to use one that is papers differential, mainly for internal use/tracking – which one caters to that?

Comment by JP Medved on March 7, 2016 at 4:58 pm. Hi Anne, I think all of these offer manual resume uploading. To Essay. As for internal use/tracking, OpenCATS will probably have the most customization options from research this list, but just about any of these that allow you to essays build a custom careers page could be used on research differential geometry an internal intranet rather than publishing to external job boards. Comment by Nick Misa on April 4, 2016 at 12:05 pm. Our team over at duhem thesis Ongig just released our Applicant Tracking System Market Share Report for 2016. The report includes top 70 ATS’s, fastest growing ATS’s, and also insights on free ATS’s and top ATS’s used by research papers startups: Comment by Neeraj Priyadarshi on April 14, 2016 at 5:23 pm. This is from to essay, really good information, Though as a startup would like to have few recommendation as there are lots of stuff here. Appreciate if anyone can help to choose ATS with no cost or Minimal cost. Comment by Chris Bowd on April 26, 2016 at 9:38 pm.

We used OpenCATS for research papers differential geometry, several years but became concerned at the complete lack of development. In mid 2015 we discovered that a small software developer,, had picked up development under the CandidATS name, and now use that. CandidATS is basically the same as OpenCATS except it’s maintained, albeit slowly. Given it’s completely free , slow development is acceptable. In any case it’s a relatively simple application with relatively simple objectives (storing and searching candidates, resumes, job pipelines etc.) so for us the major concern is addressed by Auieo, namely fixing minor issues, ensuring compatibility with MySQL and PHP updates etc. For any serious recruiter, CandidATS provides an excellent, very stable and free, standalone ATS solution. I fully recommend it. Comment by Eric Christopher on May 31, 2016 at 11:10 pm. We’re a home health agency that uses a task management tool for recruit management, as well as a hundred other things. Boards define the categories (RN Recruiting; OT Recruiting; PT Recruiting; etc.), and tasks are where the candidates are shared, discussed, and from paragraph archived.

Admittedly, it’s a program that lacks some of the functionality of some of the offerings detailed above by @rizzleJPizzle; however, it’s been a major solution for a variety of issues at our agency, and it may be worth a look for some others in similar situations. Comment by research differential Paresh Pandit on June 20, 2016 at 4:58 am. It seems that OpenCATS might be the only completely free option, which also has powerful enough features, and accommodates the essays science society, agency side of things as well. I am looking for a good enough open source ATS for an agency client, which provides scope for customisation, CRM integration, and scaling in terms of research papers number of essays society recruiters and job postings. Would I then be correct in assuming that OpenCATS is my best bet here? #128578;

Comment by jane Dixon on differential October 20, 2016 at 1:47 pm. Currently, the and division essay on music, only “free” ATS are OpenCats, Qandidate and research papers differential Ikrut. the others are either free trial or free for one or so job posting. I must agree that OpenCats seem to be the best so far. The only thing lacking on that platform, is the ability to quine underdetermination populate candidates details using their resume. Comment by research JP Medved on October 20, 2016 at 3:44 pm. Fitzii and SmartRecruiters are also options on this list not limited by number of job postings. Thesis Underdetermination. But to clarify, for those, like Zoho Recruit, that are limited by job postings, those are *concurrent* job postings. Meaning you can take one down and research papers replace it with a new one and the tool is mla format citations in essay, still free. […] ATS Tracking System Tester– Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. Papers Geometry. It would be good to thesis underdetermination have your resume tested for papers differential geometry, a similar job to get an higher education, indication of how it will perform. If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […]

Comment by research geometry Lisa Elliot on February 27, 2017 at science society 1:43 pm. Which are these sites work internationally? Kind regards, Lisa. Comment by George VanderWerk on March 3, 2017 at research papers 10:47 am. Comment on both the interesting info by quine thesis underdetermination J.P. Research Papers Differential Geometry. Medved and the “pingback” about the resume test. As a matter of to essay fact I am myself searching for a way of testing my resume (and my C.V.) to find out how it would look to a recruiter after being processed by an ATS.

I wonder if there is something usefull on the air somewhere for free, with just enough functionality for the purpose, rather than downloading a complete ATS? Would someone have any ideas? […] ATS Tracking System Tester– Nowadays, most resumes go through computerized Applicant Tracking System software before ever being seen by a human. It would be good to have your resume tested for a similar job to research geometry get an indication of to essay how it will perform. If you look hard enough you may be able to find a free one, if not, hey-maybe a recruiter can help?” […] Comment by research geometry Andrew Nikituk on April 4, 2017 at in essay 8:52 am. Very useful article, thanks. Also, I can to add, that if you need access for 200-million database of candidates you can try to use which is a true gold mine for any recruiter. […] tri manuel alors que le nombre de CV est eleve, d’autres privilegient un ATS gratuit qui offre moins de service. Mais attention, meme avec la gratuite, il peut y avoir des couts […]

Comment by papers differential geometry Sol Saguaro on science society May 18, 2017 at 1:05 pm. When applying for a high-level position with a favorite nonprofit, I discovered that its “free” application management software — ApplicantPro — is actually a frontend for, a spam marketer. Research Geometry. I was asked if I wanted to receive additional job offers. Thinking they meant from the nonprofit; of course, I clicked yes. And then… Not only did capture all the thesis underdetermination, personal information I entered (including a confidential cover letter), it also scraped my LinkedIn profile for additional data.

It wasn’t ten minutes after submitting my application that I started getting spam mail from (which fallaciously suggested they were coming from the nonprofit) and differential geometry — coincidentally? — from another spammer with a familiar pitch. Classification Essay On Music. (The jobs they offered were really crummy, nothing to do with my interests or skills, e.g., Avon sales.) Watch out for free application-management software! This isn’t any free lunch. I promised confidentiality, but if it got out that the nonprofit had been used by the spammer to capture applicants’ personal information, it would be very bad juju. Comment by Nick Misa on May 24, 2017 at 4:16 pm. Hi JP, Great list of research differential Top free/open-source ATS’s. Comment by John Coote on June 8, 2017 at 11:02 pm. Very informative article here. When you next update, please consider adding Pipeline to quine duhem underdetermination your list. Papers Differential Geometry.

Comment by Paraj Sharma on August 31, 2017 at 11:22 pm. Thanks for this article. I couldn’t find the free version of society SmartRecruiters. Is there anyone who recently downloaded it successfully? Thanks. Compare Applicant Tracking Software.

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aiu optimal resume The following course inIntroduction to Industrial Engineering is provided in its entirety by Atlantic International University's Open Access Initiative which strives to make knowledge and education readily available to research, those seeking advancement regardless of essay their socio-economic situation, location or other previously limiting factors. Papers Differential. The University's Open Courses are free and do not require any purchase or registration, they are open to higher education, the public. The course in Introduction to Industrial Engineering contains the research geometry following: Lessons in video format with explaination of theoratical content. Complementary activities that will make research more about the topic , as well as put into practice what you studied in the lesson. These activities are not part of their final evaluation. Texts supporting explained in the video. The Administrative Staff may be part of a degree program paying up to three college credits. The lessons of the course can be taken on line Through distance learning. The content and access are open to the public according to the Open Access and Open Access Atlantic International University initiative. Participants who wish to quine duhem underdetermination, receive credit and / or term certificate , must register as students.

Lesson 1: HISTORY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Research Papers Differential. Industrial engineering is a branch of classification essay on music engineering which deals with the optimization of complex processes or systems. It is concerned with the development, improvement, implementation and evaluation of integrated systems of geometry people, money, knowledge, information, equipment, energy, materials, analysis and from paragraph, synthesis, as well as the research mathematical, physical and social sciences together with the principles and methods of engineering design to mla format citations in essay, specify, predict, and evaluate the results to be obtained from such systems or processes. While industrial engineering is a traditional and longstanding engineering discipline subject to (and eligible for) professional engineering licensure in most jurisdictions, its underlying concepts overlap considerably with certain business-oriented disciplines such as operations management. Lesson 2: EVOLUTION OF ENGINEERING TO MECHANICAL ENGINEERING.

Engineering: The application of math and science by which the properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature are made useful to people. Engineers apply math and science for the betterment of society through: ? Research Development. ? Continual Improvement. Lesson 3: THE MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND ITS DIMENSIONS. Aerospace engineers design, test, and supervise the manufacture of aircraft, spacecraft, and missiles. Those who work with aircraft are called aeronautical engineers, and those working specifically with spacecraft are astronautical engineers. Aerospace engineers develop new technologies for use in papers differential geometry, aviation, defense systems, and space exploration, often specializing in areas such as structural design, guidance, navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, and production methods. They also may specialize in justice means essay, a particular type of aerospace product, such as commercial aircraft, military fighter jets, helicopters, spacecraft, or missiles and rockets, and may become experts in aerodynamics, thermodynamics, celestial mechanics, propulsion, acoustics, or guidance and control systems. Lesson 4: SYSTEMS OF PRODUCTION, QUALITY, PRODUCTIVITY AND COMPETITIVENESS.

With emphases in areas such as smart structures, electronics packaging, energy and environmental engineering, and manufacturing, the department has strong links with other engineering disciplines and will continue to interact with other areas This interdisciplinary focus benefits students, faculty, and industry. Lesson 5: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING PROFILE, ITS IMPORTANCE AND APPLICATION. “Industrial Engineering is concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, information, equipment and energy. Differential. It draws upon specialized knowledge and skill in the mathematical, physical, and social sciences together with the principles and methods of classification and division on music engineering analysis and design to specify, predict, and research geometry, evaluate the results to be obtained from such system”. Lesson 6: LABOR AND APPLICATION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. ? Scientist: Understand why our world behaves the way it does (“laws of nature”) ? Study the world as it is ? Thinkers. ? Engineers: Apply established scientific theories and what justice means, principles to develop cost-effective solutions to practical problems ? Cost effective ? Consideration of design trade-offs (esp. resource usage) ? Minimize negative impacts (e.g. environmental and social cost) ? Practical problems ? Problems that matter to people ? Change the world ? Doers. Lesson 7: INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND ITS APPLICATION AREAS. Industrial Engineering is concerned with the design, improvement and installation of integrated system of papers geometry men, materials and essays science, equipment. It draws upon papers differential, specialized knowledge and skills in the mathematical, physical sciences together with the principles and methods of engineering analysis and higher education essay, design to specify, predict and evaluate the results to be obtained from such system. Ergonomics is a solution finding method for questions like these: _ How can human body dimensions be applied to differential, car seat design? _ What is the proper height for kitchen counters? _ How can traffic lights be programmed for optimal urban traffic flow throughout the day? _ How can stereo receiver displays and controls be coded to effectively define their respective functions? _ How can the quine thesis underdetermination material and design of swim suits for competition be improved for research papers geometry minimal water resistance? _ How should computer software and screens work and look best to fit human cognitive capabilities? Lesson 9: FUTURE OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING. Industrial Engineering is dealing with the optimization of systems and processes (in given circumstances) Lesson 10: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND ITS FUTURE DEVELOPMENT.

With mass transportation an ever-present problem, engineers will be responsible in the future for designing and maintaining a system by justice essay, which the transportation of raw materials, as well as the human capital that process them, can easily and differential geometry, efficiently move from society, place to place. Papers. We understand how busy adults do not have time to essays society, go back to school. Now, it's possible to papers geometry, earn your degree in the comfort of your own home and still have time for yourself and your family. The Admissions office is here to citations, help you, for differential geometry additional information or to see if you qualify for admissions please contact us. If you are ready to apply please submit your Online Application and paste your resume and any additional comments/questions in the area provided. (Online Application) (Request Info)

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THE BASIC LAWS OF HUMAN STUPIDITY. By Carlo M. Cipolla. illustrations by James Donnelly. The first basic law of research papers differential geometry, human stupidity. The first basic law of human stupidity asserts without ambiguity that: Always and citations, inevitably everyone underestimates the number of research papers geometry, stupid individuals in circulation. At first, the statement sounds trivial, vague and horribly ungenerous. Closer scrutiny will however reveal its realistic veracity. No matter how high are one's estimates of human stupidity, one is repeatedly and recurrently startled by the fact that: a) people whom one had once judged rational and intelligent turn out to be unashamedly stupid. b) day after day, with unceasing monotony, one is harassed in one's activities by stupid individuals who appear suddenly and unexpectedly in the most inconvenient places and at the most improbable moments. The First Basic Law prevents me from attributing a specific numerical value to the fraction of stupid people within the total population: any numerical estimate would turn out to be an in essay underestimate.

Thus in the following pages I will denote the research papers differential geometry fraction of duhem, stupid people within a population by the symbol ?. Cultural trends now fashionable in the West favour an egalitarian approach to life. People like to think of human beings as the output of a perfectly engineered mass production machine. Geneticists and differential geometry, sociologists especially go out of paragraph, their way to prove, with an impressive apparatus of scientific data and formulations that all men are naturally equal and if some are more equal than others, this is attributable to nurture and research geometry, not to nature. Classification Essay On Music! I take an exception to this general view. It is my firm conviction, supported by years of research papers, observation and experimentation, that men are not equal, that some are stupid and others are not, and that the difference is determined by underdetermination nature and papers differential, not by cultural forces or factors. One is stupid in the same way one is red-haired; one belongs to the stupid set as one belongs to a blood group. A stupid man is born a stupid man by an act of what justice means, Providence. Although convinced that fraction of human beings are stupid and that they are so because of genetic traits, I am not a reactionary trying to reintroduce surreptitiously class or race discrimination. I firmly believe that stupidity is an indiscriminate privilege of differential, all human groups and is uniformly distributed according to a constant proportion.

This fact is scientifically expressed by from paragraph to essay the Second Basic Law which states that. The probability that a certain person be stupid is independent of any other characteristic of that person. In this regard, Nature seems indeed to research papers have outdone herself. Essay! It is well known that Nature manages, rather mysteriously, to keep constant the relative frequency of certain natural phenomena. Research Differential! For instance, whether men proliferate at higher essay, the Northern Pole or at the Equator, whether the matching couples are developed or underdeveloped, whether they are black, red, white or yellow the female to male ratio among the newly born is a constant, with a very slight prevalence of males. We do not know how Nature achieves this remarkable result but we know that in order to papers achieve it Nature must operate with large numbers. The most remarkable fact about the frequency of stupidity is that Nature succeeds in making this frequency equal to the probability quite independently from the size of the group. Thus one finds the same percentage of stupid people whether one is considering very large groups or one is dealing with very small ones. No other set of observable phenomena offers such striking proof of the powers of Nature. The evidence that education has nothing to do with the probability was provided by experiments carried on in a large number of higher education, universities all over the world.

One may distinguish the papers composite population which constitutes a university in five major groups, namely the blue-collar workers, the white-collar employees, the students, the administrators and essays science, the professors. Whenever I analyzed the blue-collar workers I found that the fraction ? of them were stupid. As ?'s value was higher than I expected (First Law), paying my tribute to fashion I thought at first that segregation, poverty, lack of papers differential, education were to be blamed. But moving up the social ladder I found that the same ratio was prevalent among the white-collar employees and among the students. More impressive still were the results among the professors. Whether I considered a large university or a small college, a famous institution or an obscure one, I found that the same fraction ? of the professors are stupid. So bewildered was I by the results, that I made a special point to extend my research to a specially selected group, to a real elite, the Nobel laureates.

The result confirmed Nature's supreme powers: ? fraction of the Nobel laureates are stupid. This idea was hard to accept and digest but too many experimental results proved its fundamental veracity. In Essay! The Second Basic Law is an iron law, and it does not admit exceptions. The Women's Liberation Movement will support the Second Basic Law as it shows that stupid individuals are proportionately as numerous among men as among women. The underdeveloped of the differential geometry Third World will probably take solace at the Second Basic Law as they can find in duhem thesis, it the proof that after all the developed are not so developed. Whether the Second Basic Law is liked or not, however, its implications are frightening: the Law implies that whether you move in distinguished circles or you take refuge among the head-hunters of Polynesia, whether you lock yourself into a monastery or decide to spend the papers rest of your life in the company of beautiful and lascivious women, you always have to face the same percentage of stupid people - which percentage (in accordance with the First Law) will always surpass your expectations. The Third Basic Law assumes, although it does not state it explicitly, that human beings fall into four basic categories: the helpless, the intelligent, the bandit and the stupid.

It will be easily recognized by the perspicacious reader that these four categories correspond to the four areas I, H, S, B, of the basic graph (see below). If Tom takes an action and suffers a loss while producing a gain to Dick, Tom's mark will fall in underdetermination, field H: Tom acted helplessly. If Tom takes an action by which he makes a gain while yielding a gain also to Dick, Tom's mark will fall in area I: Tom acted intelligently. If Tom takes an action by which he makes a gain causing Dick a loss, Tom's mark will fall in area B: Tom acted as a bandit. Stupidity is related to area S and to all positions on axis Y below point O. As the Third Basic Law explicitly clarifies:

A stupid person is research papers differential, a person who causes losses to classification another person or to a group of persons while himself deriving no gain and even possibly incurring losses. When confronted for the first time with the Third Basic Law, rational people instinctively react with feelings of skepticism and incredulity. The fact is that reasonable people have difficulty in conceiving and understanding unreasonable behaviour. But let us abandon the lofty plane of theory and let us look pragmatically at our daily life. We all recollect occasions in which a fellow took an action which resulted in his gain and our loss: we had to deal with a bandit. We also recollect cases in research differential, which a fellow took an action which resulted in his loss and our gain: we had to deal with a helpless person. We can recollect cases in which a fellow took an action by which both parties gained: he was intelligent.

Such cases do indeed occur. But upon thoughtful reflection you must admit that these are not the events which punctuate most frequently our daily life. Our daily life is mostly, made of cases in which we lose money and/or time and/or energy and/or appetite, cheerfulness and good health because of the improbable action of quine thesis underdetermination, some preposterous creature who has nothing to gain and indeed gains nothing from causing us embarrassment, difficulties or harm. Nobody knows, understands or can possibly explain why that preposterous creature does what he does. In fact there is no explanation - or better there is only one explanation: the person in question is stupid. Most people do not act consistently. Papers! Under certain circumstances a given person acts intelligently and under different circumstances the same person will act helplessly. The only classification and division on music important exception to the rule is represented by the stupid people who normally show a strong proclivity toward perfect consistency in all fields of human endeavours. From all that proceeds, it does not follow, that we can chart on the basic graph only stupid individuals.

We can calculate for papers differential, each person his weighted average position in quine duhem, the plane of figure 1 quite independently from research papers, his degree of inconsistency. A helpless person may occasionally behave intelligently and on occasion he may perform a bandit's action. But since the person in what justice essay, question is fundamentally helpless most of his action will have the research geometry characteristics of helplessness. Thus the overall weighted average position of all the actions of such a person will place him in the H quadrant of the what means essay basic graph. The fact that it is possible to place on the graph individuals instead of their actions allows some digression about the frequency of the bandit and stupid types. The perfect bandit is one who, with his actions, causes to other individuals losses equal to his gains. The crudest type of papers differential geometry, banditry is theft. A person who robs you of 100 pounds without causing you an extra loss or harm is essay, a perfect bandit: you lose 100 pounds, he gains 100 pounds. Research Papers Geometry! In the basic graph the perfect bandits would appear on a 45-degree diagonal line that divides the area B into two perfectly symmetrical sub-areas (line OM of figure 2). However the perfect bandits are relatively few.

The line OM divides the essay area B into two sub-areas, B 1 , and research papers, B 2 , and by far the largest majority of the bandits falls somewhere in one of these two sub-areas. The bandits who fall in area B 1 are those individuals whose actions yield to them profits which are larger than the losses they cause to other people. All bandits who are entitled to a position in area B 1 are bandits with overtones of intelligence and as they get closer to the right side of the higher education essay X axis they share more and research geometry, more the characteristics of the intelligent person. Unfortunately the individuals entitled to a position in the B 1 area are not very numerous. And Division On Music! Most bandits actually fall in area B 2 . The individuals who fall in this area are those whose actions yield to them gains inferior to the losses inflicted to other people. Research Papers Differential Geometry! If someone kills you in order to rob you of fifty pounds or if he murders you in order to spend a weekend with your wife at Monte Carlo, we can be sure that he is essays, not a perfect bandit. Even by using his values to measure his gains (but still using your values to measure your losses) he falls in differential geometry, the B 2 area very close to the border of classification and division essay, sheer stupidity. Generals who cause vast destruction and innumerable casualties in return for a promotion or a medal fall in research papers differential, the same area. The frequency distribution of the stupid people is totally different from that of the bandit. While bandits are mostly scattered over an area stupid people are heavily concentrated along one line, specifically on the Y axis below point O. The reason for this is that by far the majority of stupid people are basically and unwaveringly stupid - in other words they perseveringly insist in causing harm and losses to other people without deriving any gain, whether positive or negative. There are however people who by their improbable actions not only cause damages to other people but in classification and division essay on music, addition hurt themselves.

They are a sort of papers differential geometry, super-stupid who, in our system of accounting, will appear somewhere in the area S to the left of the Y axis. It is not difficult to understand how social, political and institutional power enhances the damaging potential of a stupid person. But one still has to explain and understand what essentially it is mla format citations in essay, that makes a stupid person dangerous to other people - in other words what constitutes the power of differential geometry, stupidity. Essentially stupid people are dangerous and damaging because reasonable people find it difficult to imagine and understand unreasonable behaviour. An intelligent person may understand the logic of a bandit. The bandit's actions follow a pattern of rationality: nasty rationality, if you like, but still rationality. The bandit wants a plus on his account. Since he is not intelligent enough to devise ways of higher education, obtaining the papers plus as well as providing you with a plus, he will produce his plus by causing a minus to appear on your account.

All this is higher education, bad, but it is rational and if you are rational you can predict it. You can foresee a bandit's actions, his nasty manoeuvres and ugly aspirations and geometry, often can build up your defenses. With a stupid person all this is classification essay on music, absolutely impossible as explained by the Third Basic Law. Research! A stupid creature will harass you for quine thesis, no reason, for no advantage, without any plan or scheme and at the most improbable times and places. You have no rational way of telling if and when and how and why the papers differential geometry stupid creature attacks. When confronted with a stupid individual you are completely at citations, his mercy. Because the stupid person's actions do not conform to the rules of rationality, it follows that: a) one is generally caught by surprise by the attack; b) even when one becomes aware of the research papers attack, one cannot organize a rational defense, because the quine duhem thesis attack itself lacks any rational structure. The fact that the activity and movements of a stupid creature are absolutely erratic and irrational not only makes defense problematic but it also makes any counter-attack extremely difficult - like trying to shoot at an object which is research, capable of the most improbable and unimaginable movements. This is what both Dickens and Schiller had in mind when the classification former stated that with stupidity and differential, sound digestion man may front much and the latter wrote that against stupidity the very Gods fight in vain.

That helpless people, namely those who in our accounting system fall into the H area, do not normally recognize how dangerous stupid people are, is not at all surprising. Their failure is just another expression of their helplessness. The truly amazing fact, however, is that also intelligent people and bandits often fail to recognize the science power to damage inherent in stupidity. It is extremely difficult to explain why this should happen and one can only remark that when confronted with stupid individuals often intelligent men as well as bandits make the mistake of indulging in feelings of papers differential, self-complacency and contemptuousness instead of immediately secreting adequate quantities of adrenaline and building up defenses. One is classification, tempted to believe that a stupid man will only do harm to himself but this is confusing stupidity with helplessness. On occasion one is tempted to associate oneself with a stupid individual in order to differential geometry use him for one's own schemes. Such a manoeuvre cannot but have disastrous effects because a) it is based on a complete misunderstanding of the essential nature of stupidity and b) it gives the stupid person added scope for the exercise of his gifts. One may hope to outmanoeuvre the classification and division stupid and, up to a point, one may actually do so. But because of the erratic behaviour of the research differential geometry stupid, one cannot foresee all the stupid's actions and reactions and before long one will be pulverized by the unpredictable moves of the stupid partner. This is clearly summarized in the Fourth Basic Law which states that:

Non-stupid people always underestimate the essays science damaging power of stupid individuals. In particular non-stupid people constantly forget that at all times and research papers, places and under any circumstances to deal and/or associate with stupid people always turns out to be a costly mistake. Through centuries and millennia, in public as in private life, countless individuals have failed to take account of the Fourth Basic Law and the failure has caused mankind incalculable losses. Instead of considering the welfare of the individual let us consider the welfare of the quine duhem thesis society, regarded in this context as the algebraic sum of the papers individual conditions. A full understanding of the Fifth Basic Law is essential to the analysis. Mla Format In Essay! It may be parenthetically added here that of the Five Basic Laws, the Fifth is certainly the best known and its corollary is quoted very frequently. The Fifth Basic Law states that: A stupid person is the research most dangerous type of and division essay, person. The corollary of the Law is papers differential, that: A stupid person is more dangerous than a bandit. The result of the from paragraph action of a perfect bandit (the person who falls on line OM of research differential geometry, figure 2) is purely and simply a transfer of and division essay on music, wealth and/or welfare.

After the action of a perfect bandit, the bandit has a plus on geometry his account which plus is exactly equivalent to the minus he has caused to another person. The society as a whole is neither better nor worse off. If all members of essay, a society were perfect bandits the society would remain stagnant but there would be no major disaster. The whole business would amount to massive transfers of wealth and welfare in favour of those who would take action. If all members of the society would take action in regular turns, not only the society as a whole but also individuals would find themselves in a perfectly steady state of no change. When stupid people are at work, the story is totally different. Stupid people cause losses to research differential other people with no counterpart of gains on their own account. Thus the in essay society as a whole is differential, impoverished. The system of accounting which finds expression in the basic graphs shows that while all actions of citations, individuals falling to the right of the line POM (see fig. 3) add to research differential geometry the welfare of a society; although in what justice, different degrees, the actions of all individuals falling to research papers geometry the left of the same line POM cause a deterioration.

In other words the helpless with overtones of intelligence (area H 1 ), the bandits with overtones of intelligence (area B 1 ) and above all the intelligent (area I) all contribute, though in different degrees, to accrue to the welfare of a society. On the essay on music other hand the bandits with overtones of stupidity (area B 2 ) and the helpless with overtones of stupidity (area H 2 ) manage to add losses to papers those caused by stupid people thus enhancing the nefarious destructive power of the latter group. All this suggests some reflection on what justice the performance of societies. According to research papers geometry the Second Basic Law, the citations fraction of stupid people is a constant ? which is not affected by time, space, race, class or any other sociocultural or historical variable. It would be a profound mistake to research papers differential geometry believe the number of stupid people in what means essay, a declining society is greater than in a developing society. Research Differential! Both such societies are plagued by the same percentage of stupid people. The difference between the two societies is mla format, that in the society which performs poorly: a) the stupid members of the society are allowed by papers differential the other members to become more active and take more actions; b) there is and division, a change in the composition of the non-stupid section with a relative decline of populations of areas I, H 1 and B 1 and a proportionate increase of populations H 2 and B 2 . This theoretical presumption is abundantly confirmed by an exhaustive analysis of research papers, historical cases. In fact the historical analysis allows us to reformulate the theoretical conclusions in a more factual way and with more realistic detail.

Whether one considers classical, or medieval, or modern or contemporary times one is impressed by the fact that any country moving uphill has its unavoidable ? fraction of stupid people. What Means! However the differential geometry country moving uphill also has an unusually high fraction of intelligent people who manage to essays science keep the ? fraction at bay and at research papers differential, the same time produce enough gains for themselves and the other members of the paragraph community to make progress a certainty. In a country which is moving downhill, the fraction of stupid people is still equal to ?; however in geometry, the remaining population one notices among those in power an alarming proliferation of the bandits with overtones of stupidity (sub-area B 2 of quadrant B in figure 3) and among those not in paragraph, power an equally alarming growth in the number of helpless individuals (area H in research papers, basic graph, fig.1). Such change in the composition of the non-stupid population inevitably strengthens the destructive power of the ? fraction and classification and division essay on music, makes decline a certainty. And the country goes to Hell. There is genius at research papers differential geometry, work in this thesis. It came round about by way of quine duhem underdetermination, reader Sam Keen, who sent to the UK a thin gray monograph printed anonimously in mid-1986 in Bologna, Italy. The trail eventually led to Carlo M. Research Differential! Cipolla, the author, who was Professor of Economics at UC Berkeley but, alas died in 2000 and left behind a bunch of (half-american) offsprings. who promptly tried to scrap money out of everything he had written, even if -as in the case of this small text- clearly earmarked and STATED by mla format in essay the Author in research papers differential, its 1986 version as intended for the public domain (and yes, stated again in 1992, despite having re-published this text in 1988, slightly modified, in his Allegro ma non troppo copyrighted collection). This copy comes from mla format citations, Whole Earth Review (Spring 1987 pp 2 - 7) and research papers differential geometry, is anyway easy to find all over the web and/or on any webarchive facility à la wayback machine.

There isn't of essay, course, nor cannot be, any valid patent or bogus copyright on this work that Professor Cipolla personally WANTED to have in the public domain and papers differential, incidentally BECAUSE OF ITS VERY OPEN SPREADING is the only one that has made -and still makes- him famous all over the web. We firmly believe that this belongs into any reality cracker's quiver, and that the best onor to classification essay on music the Author and the best chance that anyone will buy his other texts (frankly also equally easy to find in many grey areas of research papers differential geometry, Internet, but waay less interesting) is to allow this nice little essay to be spread around as originally clearly intended by Professor Cipolla himself.