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Structure of outlines of research paper

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Avoid the Resume Black Hole: Resume Customization Cheat Sheet. Structure Of Outlines Paper! Customizing your resume for each opportunity is not optional these days. Higher Essay! Customization will help your resume escape the dreaded #8220;black hole#8221; where resumes disappear. Customization also demonstrates your interest in the opportunity, which will impress the employer. Customize to Stand Out in the Crowd (and the Resume Database) The Customization Cheat Sheet helps you focus on structure of outlines of research paper your qualifications and accomplishments relevant to honor essay contest, the opportunity, enabling you to of outlines of research paper, highlight them on your resume. Accomplishments (particularly quantified ones, like the example below) make your resume stand out in the crowd of essay #8220;responsible for#8230;#8221; responses. Structure Of Outlines! And, if your resume doesn#8217;t contain the #8220;right#8221; words, the keywords the search recruiter or HR person uses to search the resume database or applicant tracking system, your resume won#8217;t be found, and you won#8217;t be considered for the job. While you customize your resume, pay close attention to the exact words used in the job description, and of outlines do your best to match that language. Read 5 Resume Rules You MUST Ignore for essay contest, details on why and structure of outlines of research how. Robert Essay! Customizing your resume, using the techniques described below, will showcase your qualifications for the job and help you ensure that you have included the appropriate keywords. Both results will increase the structure of outlines of research probability that your resume avoids the resume black hole.

Customization takes some time and effort, but, done right, it pays off. Essay Help! Build Your Resume Customization Cheat Sheet. [Use this blank PDF version of the Resume Customization Cheat Sheet. Or create your own spreadsheet or word processing document.] 1. Put the job title used in the job description at the top of the page. Structure Of Research! This is the council name that the new employer uses for this position. Use this job title in your cover letter and the resume or application you submit for structure, this opportunity, or risk having your resume disappear. If a current or former employer used a different job title, ignore it if the requirements, responsibilities, and duties seem to be describing the same job. 2. Write the employer#8217;s name (e.g. IBM) on the next line. Added to textiles coursework products, the employer#8217;s job title, use this for your #8220;objective#8221; or #8220;summary#8221; on structure of outlines of research this resume, as in#8230; Objective: [job title] position with [employer name] Or simply add that line to the top center of your resume below your name and contact information.

3. Find the essay employer#8217;s identifier for the job, if any, and structure the location next. Often there is a requisition number, a posting ID, or some other identifier. Umi Proquest Search! Use this identifier in the email subject or your cover letter along with the of outlines paper location and job title, as in#8230; Subject: [job title] in [location] [identifier] 4. Structure! List the job description requirements. Pick out each qualification required and also the #8220;nice to have#8221; specification listed in the job description, and list them on your cheat sheet. For example, if your target job is structure, assistant branch manager at Bank X and the job description lists the following requirements: Two years of business banking experience At least one year of experience managing people A can-do attitude A customer service orientation. Structure! Write the first of the requirements on the left column of the Cheat Sheet, or in of outlines paper Column A if you are using a spreadsheet.

5. Next, add your specific experience that meets or exceeds that requirement in the center of the line. Following the council example above (and assuming you meet those requirements), list how you meet that requirement in column B on of outlines paper the spreadsheet or the middle column of the paper, on the same line as the requirement. So, following the example above, list your experience that matches up with the requirement for two years of business banking experience. Like this: 2010 to 2013, Small Business Banker, Bank XYZ. 6. Describe an accomplishment that demonstrates how you meet the requirement on the right side. This will probably be the hardest part of the exercise and the part that will be most useful for umi proquest dissertation search, you in your cover letter and the job interview. Finishing the example, these are the quantified accomplishments: Responsible for paper, closing $100M in commercial mortgages and construction and land development loans. Exceeded quality loan requirement by 18% with fewer than $1M in frost losses annually while meeting all sales goals. Also assisted in processing of working capital lines of credit and equipment financing loans processing for more than $25.2M in loans in 2012. 7. Repeat steps 4, 5, and 6 for each requirement listed in the job description. Of Research! Now you have the information that describes how you meet the requirements of this job.

These are also the keywords you need to include in your resume so that your resume will be included in the search results for any search of the employer#8217;s resume database. In most cases, if you can#8217;t complete at least the first two columns (the requirement and your qualification), you shouldn#8217;t waste your time applying for the job because you probably won#8217;t be considered for it. Use Your Cheat Sheet Work for essay, Your Resume. Transfer your cheat sheet work to your resume. Use your responses to the first 2 or 3 requirements in the summary at structure of outlines of research paper the top of your resume, like this: Processed $100,000,000 in commercial loans (mortgages and land and construction loans) closed in 2012. Exceeded loan quality requirements by 18% with fewer than $1,000,000 in annual losses in 2012 while meeting all sales goals.

Managed staff of essay 4 loan processors and customer service representatives. Also include these qualifications and accomplishments in structure paper your chronological work history, as appropriate. Re-Use Your Cheat Sheet Work for Interviews and Other Opportunities. Save the work you put into creating this cheat sheet because it will also help you prepare for your job interview. If you are applying for similar positions elsewhere, this work should also help you customize your resume for other similar opportunities.

More Information About Avoiding the Black Hole. © Copyright, 2013, Susan P. Joyce. All rights reserved. Online job search expert Susan P. Joyce has been observing the products online job search world and teaching online job search skills since 1995. Susan is a two-time layoff “graduate” who has worked in human resources at Harvard University and in a compensation consulting firm. In 2011, NETability purchased WorkCoachCafe.com, which Susan has been editor and publisher of structure of outlines paper WorkCoach since then. Frost Research Essay! Susan also edits and publishes Job-Hunt.org. Follow Susan on Twitter at @jobhuntorg and on of research paper Google+. Many job hunters find it difficult to praise themselves.

A competent career coach or professional resume writer will interview the individual and generate answers to specific questions. We don#8217;t discuss what you #8220;aren#8217;t#8221; we discuss your achievements and things that make you proud. You must be logged in to post a comment. Answering Job Interview Questions: Work Coach Cafe is essay, a safe place to share job search stories, find support, and see what others have on their minds. Please enjoy browsing our site and add to structure of outlines of research paper, the community with your thoughts! Even more About WorkCoachCafe.com.

builtforteams on Smart Bragging Wins Your Next Job Stay Informed and Inspired with 5 Recommended Career Blogs Capella University Blog on 10 Steps from research, Job Interview to Job Offer builtforteams on 7 Ways to Be Easy to Hire groovygal on After the Job Interview: Why Haven#8217;t They Called Me Yet? Susan P. Of Outlines! Joyce on After the Job Interview: Why Haven#8217;t They Called Me Yet? 2007 -- 2015 NETability, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright #x000A9; 2017 NETability, Inc.· Log in.

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Iago#039;s Alter Ego: Race as Projection in Othello - Essay. Janet Adelman, University of paper California, Berkeley. Othello famously begins not with Othello but with Iago. Other tragedies begin with ancillary figures commenting on the character who will turn out to be at the center of the essay tragedy—one thinks of structure Lear, Macbeth, Antony and duke honor Cleopatra —but no other play subjects its ostensibly tragic hero to so long and intensive a debunking before he even sets foot onstage. And the audience is inevitably complicit in of outlines paper, this debunking: before we meet Othello, we are utterly dependent on Iago's and Roderigo's descriptions of him. For the first long minutes of the existing products play, we know only that the Moor, the thicklips (1.1.66), 1 has done something that Roderigo (like the structure of research audience) feels he should have been told about before-hand; we find out what it is for the first time only through Iago's violently eroticizing and racializing report to Brabantio: Even now, very now, an old black ram / Is tupping your white ewe (11. 88-89). 2.

At this point in my teaching of the play, I normally point to all the ways in which Othello belies Iago's description as soon as he appears; in the classroom my reading of race in Othello turns on this contrast as Shakespeare's way of denaturalizing the tropes of race, so that we are made to understand Othello not as the natural embodiment of Iago's old black ram gone insanely jealous but as the victim of the racist ideology everywhere visible in Venice, an ideology to which he is relentlessly subjected and which increasingly comes to define him as he internalizes it—internalizes it so fully that, searching for umi proquest search a metaphor to convey his sense of the soil attaching both to structure of outlines paper, his name and to Desdemona's body, Othello can come up with no term of comparison other than his own face (My name, that was as fresh / As Dian's visage, is now begrim'd, and black / As mine own face [3.3.392-94]). 3 Othello's discovering that his blackness is a stain—a stain specifically associated with his sexuality—and discovering that stain on Desdemona are virtually simultaneous for him; hence the metaphoric transformation of Dian's visage into his own begrimed face. If Desdemona becomes a black weed (4.2.69) 4 for Othello, her blackening is a kind of shorthand for his sense that his blackness has in paper, fact contaminated her; as many have argued, his quickness to structure, believe her always-already contaminated is in part a function of his horrified recoil from his suspicion that he is the contaminating agent. 5. In other words, in the classroom I usually read race in Othello through what I take to be the play's representation of Othello's experience of race as it comes to dominate his sense of himself as polluted and polluting, undeserving of Desdemona and hence quick to believe her unfaithful.

But although the play locates Othello in a deeply racist society, the structure sense of pollution attaching to blackness comes first of all (for the audience if not for Othello) from Iago; though Iago needed Brabantio to convince Othello of Desdemona's tendency to structure of outlines paper, deception and the disproportion of Othello as her marriage choice, Iago legitimizes and higher essay intensifies Brabantio's racism through his initial sexualizing and racializing invocation of Othello. And if the play offers us a rich representation of the effects of structure paper racism on Othello, it offers us an equally rich—and in some ways more disturbing—representation of the gcse textiles coursework products function of of outlines paper Othello's race for Iago. I offer the following reading of duke council essay contest that representation as a thought-experiment with two aims: first, to test out the applicability of psychoanalytic theory—especially Kleinian theory—to problems of race, an of outlines of research, arena in dissertation search, which its applicability is often questioned; and, second, to identify some of the ways in which racism is the of outlines paper psychic property (and rightly the concern) of the racist, not simply of his victim. Iago erupts out of the night (this play, like Hamlet, begins in palpable darkness), as though he were a condensation of shakespeare research its properties. Marking himself as opposite to light through his demonic I am not what I am, Iago calls forth a world, I will argue, in which he can see his own darkness localized and reflected in Othello's blackness, or rather in what he makes—and teaches Othello to make—of Othello's blackness. Iago's voice inducts us into the play: long before Othello has a name, much less a voice, of his own, Iago has a distinctive I. The matter of Othello, and structure paper satisfaction of the audience's urgent curiosity about coursework products what exactly Roderigo has just learned, are deferred until after we have heard Iago's catalogue of injuries to that I (I know my price, I am worth no worse a place [1.1.11]; And I, of whom his eyes had seen the structure of outlines paper proof, . . . must be lee'd, and calm'd [11. 28-30]; And I, God bless the mark, his worship's ancient [1. 33]). Iago's I beats through the dialogue with obsessive insistence, claiming both self-sufficiency (I follow but myself [1. Textiles Coursework? 58]) and self-division, defining itself by what it is not (Were I the Moor, I would not be Iago [1. 57]), in fact simultaneously proclaiming its existence and nonexistence: I am not what I am (1.

65). Of Outlines Of Research? I, I, I: Iago's name unfolds from the Italian io, Latin ego; and the injured I is research thesis, his signature, the ground of his being and the ground, I will argue, of the play. Of Research Paper? For Iago calls up the action of the play as though in shakespeare, response to this sense of injury: Call up her father, . . . poison his delight (11. 67-68), he says, like a stage manager, or like a magician calling forth spirits to structure, perform his will; and with his words, the action begins. The structure of the first scene models Iago's relation to the world that he calls up, for the play proper seems to arise out of Iago's injured I: it is essay, not only set in structure paper, motion by Iago's I but becomes in effect a projection of it, as Iago successfully attempts to coursework products, rid himself of of research paper interior pain by replicating it in Othello. Othello—and particularly in relation to essay, Desdemona—becomes Iago's primary target in structure of research, part because Othello has the presence, the fullness of being, that Iago lacks. Thesis? 6 Othello is everywhere associated with the kind of interior solidity and wholeness that stands as a reproach to Iago's interior emptiness and fragmentation: if Iago takes Janus as his patron saint (1.2.33) and repeatedly announces his affiliation with nothingness (I am not what I am; I am nothing, if not critical [2.1.119]), Othello is initially all in all sufficient (4.1.261), a full soldier (2.1.36), whose solid virtue (4.1.262) and perfect soul (1.2.31) allow him to structure of outlines of research, achieve the full fortune (1.1.66) of possessing Desdemona. Tell me what you need to spoil and I will tell you what you want, says Adam Phillips: 7 the extent to which Othello's fullness and research thesis solidity are the object of Iago's envy can be gauged by the extent to which he works to replicate his own self-division in Othello.

Split himself, Iago is a master at splitting others: his seduction of Othello works by inscribing in Othello the sense of dangerous interior spaces—thoughts that cannot be known, monsters in the mind—which Othello seems to lack, introducing him to the world of self-alienation that Iago inhabits; 8 by the end, Othello is so self-divided that he can take arms against himself, Christian against of outlines of research Turk, literalizing self-division by splitting himself graphically down the middle. 9 Though Iago is not there to see his victory, we might imagine him as invisible commentator, saying in effect, Look, he is not all-in-all sufficient, self-sustaining and full; he is paper, as self-divided as I am. 10. To shatter the illusion of Othello's fullness and presence is also to shatter the illusion of his erotic power; his division from himself is first of all his division from Desdemona and from the fair portion of himself invested in structure of outlines paper, her. If Cassio is any indication, that erotic power is heavily idealized by the Italians: Great Jove, Othello guard, And swell his sail with thine own powerful.

That he may bless this bay with his tall ship, Make love's quick pants in Desdemona's arms. Give renew'd fire to essay, our extincted spirits. . . . But for Iago it is intolerable: what begins as a means to an end (Iago creates Othello's suspicions about Desdemona to discredit Cassio in order to structure of outlines of research paper, replace him as lieutenant) increasingly becomes an end in itself, as Iago drives Othello toward a murderous reenactment of sexual union on the marriage bed, even though that reenactment will make Othello incapable of bestowing the position Iago initially seeks. The thrust of his plot toward the marriage bed, even at the cost of his own ambition, suggests that what Iago needs to spoil is on that bed: the fullness and presence signified by Othello's possession of Desdemona, the sexual union that reminds him of his own extincted spirits. For Iago's own erotic life takes place only in his head; though he seems to council essay, imagine a series of erotic objects—Desdemona (11. 286-89), Cassio (3.3.419-32), and of outlines Othello himself (in the coded language—the lustful Moor / Hath leap'd into my seat [2.1.290-91]—that makes cuckoldry an anal invasion of Iago's own body)—he imagines them less as realizable erotic objects than as mental counters in his revenge plot, and he imagines them only in sexual unions (Othello with Desdemona, Othello with Emilia, Cassio with Desdemona, Cassio with Emilia) that everywhere exclude and diminish him. And in response, he effectively neutralizes the umi proquest erotic potency that mocks his own lack. His primary tool in this neutralization is the creation of Othello as black: and in fact it is Othello as progenitor that first excites Iago's racializing rage. His first use of the of outlines language of search black and white is in his call to structure paper, Brabantio: An old black ram / Is tupping your white ewe. If Cassio needs to make Othello into an exotic super-phallus, capable of restoring Italian potency, Iago needs to make him into a black monster, invading the citadel of whiteness. (The idealization and the debasement are of course two sides of the frost research essay same coin, and they are equally damaging to Othello: both use him only as the container for of outlines of research paper white fantasies, whether of desire or fear.) Your white ewe/you: Iago's half-pun invokes the whiteness of his auditors via the image of research thesis Othello's contaminating miscegenation; 12 true to form in racist discourse, whiteness emerges as a category only when it is imagined as threatened by its opposite.

Iago's language here works through separation, works by placing blackness outside of whiteness even as it provokes terror at the thought of their mixture. But the play has already affiliated Iago himself with darkness and the demonic; the threat of a contaminating blackness is already there, already present inside the whiteness he would invoke. Iago creates Othello as black—and therefore himself as white—when he constructs him as monstrous progenitor; and of outlines paper he uses that racialized blackness to destroy what he cannot tolerate. Higher Education? But the trope through which Iago imagines that destruction makes Iago himself into the monstrous progenitor, filled with a dark conception that only darkness can bring forth: I ha't, it is engender'd, he tells us; Hell and night / Must bring this monstrous birth to of research, the world's light (1.3.401-2). This trope makes the research paper blackness Iago would attribute to Othello—like his monstrous generativity—something already inside Iago himself, something that he must project out into the world: as though Iago were pregnant with the monster he makes of Othello. 13. If the structure of the first scene predicts the process through which Iago becomes the structure of research paper progenitor of Othello's racialized blackness, the gcse textiles existing products trope of the monstrous birth in structure of outlines, the first act's final lines perfectly anticipates the mechanism of projection through which Iago will come to use Othello's black skin as the container for his own interior blackness. Cassio uses Othello as the robert research essay locus for fantasies of inseminating sexual renewal; Iago uses him as the of outlines paper repository for his own bodily insufficiency and his self-disgust. For Iago needs the blackness of others: even the higher white ewe Desdemona is blackened in his imagination as he turns her virtue into pitch (2.3.351).

How are we to understand Iago's impulse to structure of outlines of research, blacken, the impulse for which Othello becomes the perfect vehicle? What does it mean to take another person's body as the higher education receptacle for one's own contents? The text gives us, I think, a very exact account of what I've come to call the psycho-physiology of Iago's projection: that is, not simply an structure, account of the psychological processes themselves but also an honor council essay contest, account of the paper fantasized bodily processes that underlie them. Projection is in its own way comfortingly abstract; by invoking the body behind the abstraction, Othello in essay contest, effect rubs our noses in structure of outlines of research, it. 14. Let me begin, then, by thinking about the way Iago thinks about bodies, especially about the insides of bodies. For Iago is the play's spokesman for the idea of the inside, the honor council contest hidden away.

At the beginning of his seduction of Othello, he defends the privacy of his thought by asking where's that palace, whereinto foul things / Sometimes intrude not? (3.3.141-42); no palace is impregnable, no inside uncontaminated. Characteristically, Othello takes this image and makes it his own, reinscribing it in his later anatomy of Desdemona as a cistern, for foul toads / To knot and gender in (4.2.62-63). But merely by insisting on the hidden inwardness of thought, Iago has already succeeded in causing Othello to conflate the hidden with the hideous, as though that which is of research paper, inside, invisible, must inevitably be monstrous (he echoes me, / As if there were some monster in frost essay, his thought, / Too hideous to of outlines paper, be shown [3.3.110-12]). 15 According to this logic, the case against Desdemona is complete as soon as Iago can insinuate that she, too, has—psychically and anatomically—an inside, unknowable and umi proquest monstrous because it is inside, unseen. If Iago succeeds in transferring his own sense of hidden contamination to Desdemona, localizing it in her body, the sense of the hideous thing within—monstrous birth or foul intruder—begins with him. Seen from this vantage point, his initial alarum to Brabantio (Look to your house, your daughter, and your bags. . Structure Of Outlines Of Research? . Honor Council? . Are all doors lock'd? [1.1.80, 85]) looks less like a description of danger to Brabantio or Desdemona than like a description of danger to Iago himself. For Iago finds—or creates—in Brabantio's house the perfect analogue for his own sense of vulnerability to intrusion, and he can make of of research paper Othello the perfect analogue for higher essay the intrusive foul thing, the old black ram who is tupping your white ewe/you—or, as we later find out, tupping Iago himself in Iago's fantasy, and leaving behind a poisonous residue (I do suspect the lustful Moor / Hath leap'd into my seat, the thought whereof / Doth like a poisonous mineral gnaw my inwards [2.1.290-92]). But even the image of the body as a breached and structure of outlines paper contaminated palace suggests rather more interior structure than most of Iago's other images for the body. Research? Again and again Iago imagines the body filled with liquid putrefaction, with contents that can and should be vomited out or excreted. Of Outlines Paper? The three fingers Cassio kisses in education essay, show of structure of outlines courtesy to gcse existing products, Desdemona should be clyster-pipes for his sake (1.

176), Iago says; through the of research paper bizarre reworking of honor Iago's fantasy, Cassio's fingers are transformed into structure of research paper, enema tubes, an imagistic transformation that violently brings together not only lips and faeces, mouth, vagina, and anus, but also digital, phallic, and emetic penetration of a body—Desdemona's? Cassio's?—imagined only as a container for faeces. Early in the play, poor Roderigo is a sick fool . . . Whom love has turn'd almost the help wrong side outward (2.3.47-48); by the end, he is a quat rubbed almost to of research, the sense (5.1.11), that is, a pus-filled pimple about to break. Structure Help? The congruence of these images suggests that Roderigo becomes a quat for Iago because he can't keep his insides from running out: the love that has almost turned him inside out is here refigured as pus that threatens to break through the surface of his body. Structure Of Research? In Iago's fantasy of the body, what is inside does not need to be contaminated by research paper, a foul intruder because it is of outlines of research, already pus or faeces; in fact, anything brought into this interior will be contaminated by it. Iago cannot imagine ordinary eating, in which matter is taken in for the body's nourishment; any good object taken in will be violently transformed and violently expelled.

When he is higher essay, done with her, Iago tells us, Othello will excrete Desdemona (The food that to him now is as luscious as locusts, shall be to of research paper, him shortly as acerb as the coloquintida, an emetic or purgative [1.3.349-50]); when Desdemona is sated with Othello's body (1.351), she will heave the gorge (2.1.231-32). (Poor Emilia has obviously learned from honor, her husband: in her view men are all but stomachs, and we all but food; / They eat us hungerly, and of research when they are full, / They belch us [3.4.101-3].) Given this image of the body's interior as a mass of undifferentiated and contaminated matter, it's no wonder that Iago propounds the ideal of self-control to Roderigo in research, the garden metaphor that insists both on the rigid demarcation and structure differentiation of the body's interior and on its malleability to the exercise of will: . . . 'tis in ourselves, that we are thus, or thus: our bodies are gardens, to the which our wills are gardeners, so that if we will plant nettles, or sow lettuce, set hyssop, and weed up thyme; supply it with one gender of herbs, or distract it with many; either to have it sterile with idleness, or manur'd with industry, why, the power, and gcse textiles existing products corrigible authority of this, lies in our wills. This is not, presumably, his experience of his own body's interior or of his management of it; it seems rather a defensive fantasy of an orderly pseudo-Eden, in which man is wholly in of outlines of research paper, control both of the inner processes of his body/garden and of the troublesome business of gender, and honor council essay woman is wholly absent. 16 His only structure of research paper, explicit representation of his body's interior belies this defense: the mere thought that Othello has leaped into his seat (even though he know[s] not if't be true [1. 386]) Doth like a poisonous mineral gnaw [his] inwards. No reassuring gardener with his tidy—or even his untidy—rows here: Iago's inwards are hideously vulnerable, subject to duke honor council essay contest, a poisonous penetration. Through an imagistic transformation, Othello as penetrator becomes conflated with the thought that tortures Iago inwardly; Othello thus becomes a toxic object lodged inside him. (The garden passage simultaneously expresses and defends against the homoerotic desire that here makes Othello a poisonous inner object, insofar as it voices a fantasy of supply[ing] the body with one gender rather than distract[ingj it with many. 17 ) What I have earlier called Iago's injured I—his sense that he is chronically slighted and betrayed, his sense of self-division—produces (or perhaps is produced by) fantasies of his body as penetrated and structure of research contaminated, especially by products, Othello. In fact, any traffic between inner and outer is dangerous for Iago, who needs to keep an absolute barrier between them by making his outside opaque, a false sign (1.1.156 and structure 157) of his inside; to paper, do less would be to risk being (Roderigolike) turned almost the wrong side outward, to wear [his] heart upon [his] sleeve, / For dawes to of outlines paper, peck at (11. 64-65). Frost Research Essay? 18 To allow himself to be seen or known is tantamount to being stabbed, eaten alive: pecked at of outlines of research paper from the outside unless he manages to keep the barrier between inner and outer perfectly intact, gnawed from the inside if he lets anyone in.

Iago's need for sadistic control of others (Pleasure, and action, make the hours seem short [2.3.369], he says, after managing Cassio's cashiering) goes in tandem with his extraordinarily vivid sense of essay vulnerability: unable to be gardener to himself, he will sadistically manage everyone else, simultaneously demonstrating his superiority to those quats whose insides are so sloppily prone to bursting out, and hiding the of outlines of research contamination and chaos of his own insides. Roderigo plays a pivotal role in umi proquest dissertation, this process. As the embodiment of what Iago would avoid, Roderigo exists largely to give Iago repeated occasions on structure of outlines, which to display his mastery over both self and other: in coursework, effect, Iago can load his contaminated insides into Roderigo and paper then rub him to the sense in order to demonstrate the difference between them and, hence, the research essay impermeability of Iago's own insides. Moreover, in managing Roderigo, Iago can continually replenish himself with the structure of outlines of research paper fantasy of new objects to be taken into essay, the self: objects over which—unlike the thought of Othello, which gnaws at of outlines paper his inwards—he can exert full control. Robert Frost Research Essay? Obsessively—six times in fourteen lines—Iago tells Roderigo to Put money in thy purse . . . Of Outlines Of Research Paper? fill thy purse with money (1.3.340, 348).

We know that Iago has received enough jewels and gold from Roderigo to gcse existing products, have half-corrupted a votarist (4.2.189), but we never see Iago taking the miser's or even the structure of outlines paper spendthrift's ordinary delight in this treasure; detached from any ordinary human motivation, the money accrues almost purely psychic meaning, becoming the sign not of any palpable economic advantage but of Iago's pleasure in being able to empty Roderigo out, to fill himself at will. Put money in thy purse, he repeats insistently, and research paper then adds, Thus do I ever make my fool my purse (1.3.381), as though the emptiedout Roderigo becomes the structure of outlines container that holds the illusion of Iago's fullness. For his repetition signals a compulsive need to fill himself with objects in order to robert essay, compensate for the contamination and chaos inside: hard shiny objects that might be kept safe and might keep the self safe, objects that could magically repair the sense of what the self is made of and of outlines filled with. Iago's hoarding, his sadism, his references to purgatives and gcse textiles coursework existing clyster-pipes can be read through the language of classical psychoanalysis as evidence of an anal fixation; in that language the equation of money with faeces is familiar enough, as is the association of sadistic control with the anal phase. 19 Iago's obsessive suspicion that Othello has leaped into his seat, along with his heavily eroticized account of Cassio's dream, similarly lend themselves to a classically psychoanalytic reading of Iago as repressed homosexual. 20 While these readings are not wrong within their own terms, they nonetheless seem to of outlines of research paper, me limited, and not only insofar as they can be said to assume a historically inaccurate concept of the umi proquest search subject or of the of research paper homosexual: 21 limited even within the terms of research thesis psychoanalysis insofar as they do not get at either the quality of Iago's emotional relationships (his inability to form any kind of structure libidinal bond, his tendency to treat others as poisonous inner objects) or the terrifying theatrical seductiveness of the research paper thesis processes of structure of outlines of research paper projection that we witness through him. Honor Contest? I want consequently to move from the consideration of libidinal zones and conflicted object choices characteristic of structure of outlines of research classical psychoanalysis to the areas opened up by the work of Melanie Klein; a Kleinian reading of Iago will, I think, help us to essay help, understand the ways in which Iago's imagination of his own interior shapes his object relations as he projects this interior onto of outlines of research, the landscape of the play. In Klein's account the primitive self is composed in part of thesis remnants of internalized objects (people, or bits and pieces of people, taken into the self as part of the self's continual negotiation with what an outside observer would call the world) and the world is composed in part of projected bits and pieces of the self.

Ideally, the good breast is taken in and becomes part of the ego, and the infant who was first inside the mother now has the mother inside himself. 22 Internalization of the good object is the basis for trust in one's own goodness; 23 full identification with a good object goes with a feeling of the self possessing goodness of its own and hence enables the return of goodness to the world: Through processes of projection and introjection, through inner wealth given out and re-introjected, an enrichment and deepening of the ego comes about. . . . Inner wealth derives from having assimilated the good object so that the individual becomes able to share its gifts with others. 24 And the corollary is clear: if the infant cannot take in the experience of the good breast (either because of his/her own constitutional conditions or because the experience is not there to be had in a consistent way), the bad breast may be introjected, with accompanying feelings of one's own internal badness, poverty, poisonousness, one's own inability to structure of research, give back anything good to the world. But, in the words of Harold Boris, a contemporary post-Kleinian analyst of envy, the essay structure infant who cannot, sooner or later, feed the hand from which it feeds . . . Structure Of Outlines Paper? is the child who will then attempt to bite it. 25 The infant stuck with a depleted or contaminated inner world will, Klein suggests, exist in a peculiar relation to the good breast: even if it is there and apparently available, the infant may not be able to use it. For if the infant cannot tolerate either the discrepancy between its own badness and the goodness outside itself or the higher essay sense of dependency on this external source of goodness, the good breast will not be available for the infant's use: its goodness will in effect be spoiled by the infant's own envious rage. Structure Of Research? The prototype for Kleinian envy is the hungry baby, experiencing itself as helplessly dependent, empty, or filled only with badness, confronted with the gcse coursework products imagined fullness of a source of goodness outside itself: the first object to be envied is the feeding breast, for the infant feels that it possesses everything he desires and that it has an unlimited flow of paper milk, and love which the breast keeps for its own gratification. 26 Klein's insistence on the priority of the breast as the first object of thesis envy effectively reverses Freud's concept of penis envy; in Klein's account even penis envy becomes secondary, derivative from this earlier prototype.

27 But Klein's concept of envy turns on an even more startling innovation: for most analysts of infantile destructiveness and rage, the structure paper source and target is the frustrating bad object—a maternal object that doesn't provide enough, is not at the infant's beck and call, provides milk that in some way is duke, felt to structure of outlines of research, be spoiled; but in Klein's reading of envy, the source and target of rage is not the dissertation frustrating or poisonous bad breast but the good breast, and it is exactly its goodness that provokes the rage. Structure Of Research Paper? Hence the peculiar sensitivity of the higher education envious to the good—and the consequent need not to possess but to destroy it, or, in Klein's terms, to put badness, primarily bad excrement and bad parts of the self, into the mother, and of outlines paper first of all into dissertation search, her breast, in order to spoil and destroy her. 28 But the breast so destroyed is of course no longer available to the child as a source of good: The breast attacked in this way has lost its value, it has become bad by being bitten up and poisoned by urine and faeces. 29 Insofar as the structure of research paper infant has succeeded in research paper, destroying the good object, he has confirmed its destruction as a source of goodness within himself; hence the peculiarly vicious circle of envy, which destroys all good both in of research, the world and in the self, and hence also its peculiar despair. We do not, of course, need the textiles help of a Kleinian perspective to identify Iago as envious. Structure Of Outlines? His willingness to kill Cassio simply because He has a daily beauty in his life, / That makes me ugly (5.1.19-20) marks the extent to which he is driven by envy; in an older theatrical tradition he might well have been named Envy. Here, for example, is Envy from Impatient Poverty: A syr is not thys a ioly game . Umi Proquest Search? . Structure Of Outlines? . Enuy in fayth I am the same . . . I hate conscience, peace loue and reste. Debate and stryfe that loue I beste.

Accordynge to my properte. When a man louethe well hys wyfe. I brynge theym at debate and stryfe. Frost Research? 30. This genealogy does not, however, make Iago a Coleridgean motiveless malignity. Structure Of Outlines Paper? For in Iago, Shakespeare gives motiveless malignity a body: incorporating this element of the morality tradition, he releases through Iago the range of bodily fantasies associated with a specifically Kleinian envy. Klein describes an envy so primal—and so despairing—that it cannot tolerate the existence of goodness in the world: its whole delight lies not in possessing what is good but in spoiling it. And that spoiling takes place in essay, fantasy through a special form of object-relating: through the violent projection of bits of the self and its contaminated objects—often localized as contaminated bodily products—into the good object. By means of this projection, the self succeeds in of outlines of research paper, replicating its own inner world out there and thus in destroying the goodness it cannot tolerate; at the end of the process, in the words of one Kleinian analyst, There is nothing left to envy. Structure? 31 Through the lens of a Kleinian perspective, we can see traces of this process as Iago fills Othello with the poison that fills him.

In Iago's fantasy, as I have suggested, there is structure of outlines paper, no uncontaminated interior space: he can allow no one access to his interior and has to keep it hidden away because it is more a cesspool than a palace or a garden. And there are no uncontaminated inner objects: every intruder is foul; everything taken in essay, turns to pus or faeces or poison; everything swallowed must be vomited out. Of Research? This sense of inner contamination leaves him—as Klein would predict—particularly subject to the sense of goodness in others and research thesis particularly ambivalent toward that goodness. Structure Of Research? His goal is to make those around him as ugly as he is; but that goal depends on his unusual sensitivity to their beauty. Even after he has managed to bring out the quarrelsome drunkard and shakespeare thesis class-conscious snob in of research paper, Cassio, transforming him into a man who clearly enjoys sneaking around to see his general's wife, Iago remains struck by the daily beauty in Cassio's life—at a point when that beauty has become largely invisible to education essay, the audience. Of Research? To Roderigo, Iago always contemptuously denies the goodness of honor contest Othello and Desdemona (he is an structure of research, erring barbarian and she a supersubtle Venetian); but in soliloquy he specifically affirms their goodness—and affirms it in education essay, order to imagine spoiling it. Othello's free and open nature he will remake as the stupidity of an ass who can be led by structure of outlines of research, the nose (1.3.397-400).

He will not only use Desdemona's virtue; he will turn it into pitch, in a near-perfect replication of the council essay projection of faeces into the good breast that Klein posits. For Iago the desire to spoil always takes precedence over the desire to possess; one need only of outlines paper, contrast him with Othello to see the difference in their relation to good objects. 32 Othello's anguish over research paper thesis, the loss of the good object gives the structure play much of its emotional resonance. He imagines himself as safely enclosed in its garnery, nourished and protected by it, and then cast out: But there, where I have garner'd up my heart, / Where either I must live, or bear no life, / The fountain, from the which my current runs, / Or else dries up, to be discarded thence (4.2.58-61). When he is made to imagine that object as spoiled—a cistern, for foul toads / To knot and gender in—its loss is wholly intolerable to him; even at the end, as he kills Desdemona, he is working very hard to restore some remnant of the good object in her. Although he approaches Desdemona's bed planning to bloody it (Thy bed, lust-stain'd, shall with lust's blood be spotted [5.1.36]), his deepest desire is not to stain but to restore the purity of the good object, rescuing it from contamination, even the contamination he himself has visited upon it. Shakespeare Research Paper? By the time he reaches her bed, he has decided not to shed her blood (5.2.3). Instead he attempts to recreate her unviolated wholeness (that whiter skin of of outlines paper hers than snow, / And smooth, as monumental alabaster [11. 4-5]) in a death that he imagines as a revirgination; 33 in fantasy he cleanses the slime / That sticks on filthy deeds, remaking her unmarred and unpenetrated, one entire and perfect chrysolite (11. Duke Honor Council? 149-50, 146).

But Iago's only joy comes in spoiling good objects: Othello mourns being cast out from the garnery/fountain that has nourished him; Iago mocks the meat he feeds on (3.3.170-71). Of Outlines? His description of the green-eyed monster he cautions Othello against marks the essay structure help workings of a very Kleinian envy in him: 34 like the empty infant who cannot tolerate the fullness of the breast, he will mock the objects that might nourish and sustain him, spoiling them by means of his corrosive wit. 35 (Or perhaps—in good Kleinian fashion—by tearing at them with his teeth: especially in of research, conjunction with the gcse textiles products image of structure paper feeding on meat, mock may carry traces of mammock, 36 to tear into pieces, suggesting the oral aggression behind Iago's biting mockery and hence the talion logic in his fantasy of being pecked at.) Mockery—especially of the research thesis meat he might feed on—is Iago's signature: different as they are, Othello, Cassio, and Roderigo share an almost religious awe toward Desdemona; Iago insists that the of outlines of research paper wine she drinks is made of grapes (2.1.249-50), that even the best woman is only good enough To suckle fools, and chronicle small beer (1. 160). If the first object to be envied is the feeding breast, Iago's devaluation of maternal nurturance here is gcse textiles coursework products, just what we might expect. But envy does not stop there. Structure Of Outlines Paper? As Klein suggests, Excessive envy of the breast is likely to extend to all feminine attributes, in particular to the woman's capacity to bear children. . . . Paper? The capacity to give and to preserve life is felt as the greatest gift and of outlines therefore creativeness becomes the higher education essay deepest cause for envy. 37 If Othello's potency and fullness make him the structure of research paper immediate target of gcse textiles Iago's envious rage, the destruction of Desdemona's generativity has been Iago's ultimate goal from the beginning: poison his delight, he says; And though he in a fertile climate dwell, / Plague him with flies (1.1.70-71). The image half-echoes Hamlet's linking of structure of research paper conception and breeding with the frost research essay stirring of maggots in dead flesh, 38 for the fertile climate that Iago will transform into a breeding ground for plague is Desdemona's generative body. Hence, I think, the of research paper urgency with which Iago propels the plot toward the marriage bed (Do it not with poison, strangle her in her bed, even the bed she hath contaminated [4.1.203-4]): the ultimate game is to make father destroy mother on essay, that bed in a parody of the life-giving insemination that might have taken place there. 39.

And hence the subterranean logic of Iago's favorite metaphor for that destruction, his monstrous birth. Of Outlines? For if Iago enviously devalues Desdemona's generativity (she can only shakespeare paper, suckle, and of research only suckle fools; her body will breed only flies), he also appropriates it, and appropriates it specifically through imitation. Here both senses of mock —as devaluation and derisive imitation—come together, as Boris's work on envy predicts: The urge to take charge of the envied object has several components to dissertation search, it. First, of course, is the denuding (an idea) and disparagement (an emotion) of the inherent value of the original. This makes possible what follows, namely the idea that the 'knock-off (the 'as-if' ) is in structure of outlines paper, every way the frost essay equal of the real thing. 40 In conceiving of his monstrous birth, that is, Iago not only structure of research, mocks but also displaces Desdemona's generativity by taking on duke council, its powers for of research paper himself, denying the difference—between her fruitfulness and his barrenness, between her fullness and shakespeare paper thesis his emptiness—that he cannot tolerate. Iago's substitution in fact proceeds by stages. When he first invokes the metaphor of of outlines paper pregnancy, he is merely the midwife/observer: There are many events in the womb of time, which will be delivered (1.3.369-70). But his triumphant I ha't only thirty lines later—I ha't, it is engender'd; Hell and night / Must bring this monstrous birth to the world's light—replaces time's womb with his own: as I have already argued, his is the body in which the monstrous birth is engendered, and hell and night have become the structure midwives. Through this metaphor, Iago's mental production becomes his substitute birth, in which he replaces the world outside himself 41 —the world of time's womb, or of Desdemona's—with the of outlines of research projection of his own interior monstrosity; thus conceived, his plot manages simultaneously to higher, destroy the generativity that he cannot tolerate and to proclaim the superior efficacy of structure of outlines of research paper his own product.

Emilia's description of the jealousy Iago creates in Othello—it is a monster, / Begot upon itself, born on itself (3.4.159-60)—is not accurate about Othello, but it suggestively tracks Iago's own envy to research essay, its psychic sources. If Iago imagines himself enacting a substitute birth, making the world conform to the shape of his envy by structure, undoing the contours of the already-existing generative world, Emilia expresses the wish behind his metaphor: the wish to be begot upon oneself, born on oneself, no longer subject to—dependent on, vulnerable to—the generative fullness outside the self and the unendurable envy it provokes. 42 Unable to achieve that end, he will empty himself out on the wedding bed, substituting his own monstrous conception for the generative fullness that torments him, and destroying in the process the envied good object in Desdemona. And it is research thesis, just here, in this fantasy, that Othello's blackness becomes such a powerful vehicle for Iago. I have already suggested that Iago's capacity to paper, spoil good objects rests on his capacity to blacken them, and to blacken them through a bodily process of projection.

His monstrous birth is from the first associated with the darkness of hell and night; and when, in his conversation with Desdemona, he imagines his invention as his baby, that baby is associated specifically with the extrusion of a dark and sticky substance: Comes from my pate as birdlime does from. It plucks out brain and all: but my Muse. And thus she is shakespeare thesis, deliver'd. Structure Of Outlines Of Research Paper? . . . Presumably Iago means that his invention is as slow—as laborious—-as the process of removing birdlime from rough cloth (frieze), in which the nap of the cloth is removed along with the soiling agent (hence plucks out brain and all). Higher? But the route to this relatively rational meaning is treacherous: the syntax first presents us with birdlime oozing from paper, his head (invention / Comes from my pate as birdlime does), takes us on higher education, an apparent detour through the structure of outlines of research paper soiling of cloth (the birdlime stuck to the frieze), and ends with the image of his head emptied out altogether (plucks out brain and all), as though in structure, a dangerous evacuation. Then, through a buried pun on conception, the of outlines paper concealed intermediary term, the evacuation becomes a pregnancy and education essay delivery, displaced from structure of outlines paper, his own body to help, that of the of outlines paper Muse, who labors and research paper thesis is delivered.

Invention, in paper, other words, becomes the male equivalent of pregnancy, the production of a sticky dark baby. What we have here, I suggest, is the vindictive fantasy of essay structure help a faecal pregnancy and delivery that can project Iago's inner monstrosity and darkness into the world: 44 initially displaced upward to the evacuated pate, this faecal baby is structure of research paper, then returned to its source as his monstrous birth, the baby he has conceived in response to Desdemona's request for praise (2.1.124) and the easy generativity (his own is a difficult labor) that he envies in her. This baby's emergence here marks, I think, both the source of his envy and the exchange that envy will demand: he will attempt in effect to replicate his dark sticky baby in her, soiling her generative body by turning her virtue into pitch, 45 spoiling the object whose fullness and honor goodness he cannot tolerate by making it the receptacle for his own bodily contents. Of Outlines Of Research Paper? And he counts on the contagion of honor council essay this contaminated object: he will turn Desdemona into pitch not only because pitch is black and sticky—hence entrapping—but because it is of outlines of research, notoriously defiling; 46 his scheme depends on structure help, using Desdemona as a kind of tar baby, counting on her defilement—her blackening—to make Othello black. In fantasy, that is, Iago uses Desdemona and Othello to contaminate each other; they become for him one defiled object as he imagines them on that wedding bed. Structure Paper? But at the same time, Othello plays a special role for Iago: in Othello's black skin Iago can find a fortuitous external sign for the entire process, or, more accurately, a container for the internal blackness that he would project outward, the dark baby that hell and night must bring to the world's light; emptying himself out, Iago can project his faecal baby into Othello, blackening him with his own inner waste. Iago plainly needs an Othello who can carry the burden of his own contamination; and to some extent the dissertation search play makes us complicit in structure of research paper, the process, as it makes Othello in effect into frost research essay, Iago's monstrous creation, carrying out Iago's conception as he murders Desdemona on her wedding bed, enacting a perverse version of the childbirth that might have taken place there. Othello himself seems to recognize that a birth of sorts is taking place, though he does not recognize it as Iago's: preparing to kill Desdemona on that bed, he says that her denials Cannot remove, nor choke the strong conception, / That I do groan withal (5.2.56-57), 47 as though he has been impregnated through Iago's monstrous birth. And in fact he has: part of the peculiar horror of this play is of outlines, that Othello becomes so effective a receptacle for—and enactor of—Iago's fantasies. If Iago imagines himself filled with a gnawing poisonous mineral through what amounts to Othello's anal insemination of him (2.1.290-92), he turns that poison back on Othello: I'll pour this pestilence into his ear (2.3.347). This retaliatory aural/anal insemination fills Othello with Iago's own contents, allowing Iago to duke honor, serve his turn on Othello by doing to structure of outlines paper, Othello what he imagines Othello has done to him. (I follow him to serve my turn upon him is sexualized in paper thesis, ways not likely to be audible to a modern audience [1.1.42].

For turn, see Othello's later she can turn, and turn, and paper yet go on, / And turn again [4.1.249-50]; 48 characteristically, Othello replicates in Desdemona the essay help turn Iago has replicated in him.) And The Moor already changes with my poison, Iago says, adding for our benefit—in case we have not noticed the links between his poisonous conceit and Othello's—Dangerous conceits are in their natures poisons, / Which . . Structure Of Research? . Structure Help? Burn like the mines of sulphur (3.3.330-34). The Moor already changes with my poison: the line marks what is distinctive about projection in this play—and distinctively Kleinian. Before Klein, projection was usually understood as a relatively uncomplicated process in which disowned ideas and emotions were displaced onto structure, an external figure. Essay Structure? Klein insisted both on the fantasies of bodily function accompanying this process and on the extent to structure of research paper, which it is specifically pieces of the self and its inner objects that are thus relocated, with the consequence that pieces of the self are now felt to be out there, both controlling the essay object into which they have been projected and subject to dangers from it; Klein renamed this process projective identification. And her followers have expanded on the concept, stressing the of outlines of research effects of these projected contents on the recipient of the projection, the ways in which the higher essay projector can in fact control the recipient. In this version of projective identification, the recipient will not only experience the of research bits of self projected into him but also enact the textiles coursework products projector's fantasy scenarios, hence relieving the projector of all responsibility for structure them. 49 When Iago imagines Roderigo turned inside out, his body filled with pus, he seems to me to be engaging in something close to garden-variety projection: he is attributing to Roderigo portions of frost research himself, or ideas about himself, that he would like to disown; and, as far as we know, Roderigo does not come to experience himself as pus-filled or inside out. But when Iago imagines filling Othello with his poison, when he imagines (in Klein's formulation) the forceful entry into the object and structure control of the object by parts of the self, 50 he is much closer to higher education essay, a specifically Kleinian projective identification; and, as Klein's followers would predict, Othello really does change with Iago's poison, as he begins to experience himself as contaminated and hence to act out Iago's scenarios. And the play depends on precisely this specialized kind of projective identification, in which Iago's fantasies are replicated in Othello's actions. When we first meet Othello, he is confident enough about his status and his color that he wishes to be found; he can confidently wish the goodness of the night (1.2.35) on of outlines paper, Cassio and the duke's servants because blackness has not yet been poisoned for him. Gcse Coursework? But as Iago projects his faecal baby into him, Othello comes more and more to imagine himself as the foul thing—the old black ram—intruding into the palace of Venetian civilization or the palace of Desdemona's body; as Iago succeeds in making Othello the container for his own interior waste, Othello himself increasingly affiliates his blackness with soiling (he becomes collied or blackened by passion [2.3.197]; 51 his name is begrim'd, and black as his face) and with bad interior objects. Of Outlines Of Research? (In Arise, black vengeance, from thy hollow cell [3.3.454], he calls on black vengeance to arise as though from within the hollow of himself.) 52 His experience of himself, that is, comes increasingly to resemble what Iago has projected into him; and he begins to act in accordance with that projection, replicating in Desdemona the contagion of projection itself.

The Othello who feels himself begrimed because he has internalized Iago's foul intruder will necessarily see Desdemona as foul (5.2.201), as a begrim'd Diana or a black weed, and will evacuate his good object as Iago had predicted (1.3.350); by the end of the play, Emilia can call Othello the structure blacker devil, Desdemona's most filthy bargain, As ignorant as dirt (5.2.132, 158, 165) because he has so perfectly introjected Iago's sense of structure of outlines of research paper inner filth. Insofar as Iago can make Othello experience his own blackness as a contamination that contaminates Desdemona, he succeeds in emptying himself out into Othello; and insofar as Othello becomes in robert frost research, effect Iago's faecal baby, Othello—rather than Iago—becomes the structure bearer of the fantasy of structure help inner filth. Structure Of Outlines Of Research? Through projective identification, that is, Iago invents blackness as a contaminated category before our eyes, enacting his monstrous birth through Othello, and then allowing the robert frost Venetians (and most members of the audience) to congratulate themselves—as he does—on their distance from the now-racialized Othello. Through this process, Othello becomes assimilated to, and motivated by, his racial type—becomes the monstrous Moor easily made jealous—and Iago escapes our human categories altogether, becoming unknowable, a motiveless malignity. But this emptying out of Iago is no more than Iago has already performed on himself: if the projection of his own inner contamination into Othello is Iago's relief, it is structure paper, also his undoing, and in a way that corroborates both the bodiliness of the fantasy of projection and its dangers to the projector as well as the recipient. Klein notes that excessive use of projective identification results in the weakening and impoverishment of the umi proquest search ego; in the words of Betty Joseph, at structure times the mind can be . Coursework Existing? . Paper? . Frost Research Essay? so evacuated by projective identification that the individual appears empty. 53 If at the end of the play there is of research, nothing left to envy, there is essay, also no one left to experience envy: Iago's projection of himself into of outlines paper, the racial other he constructs as the container for his contamination ends not only by destroying his (and our) good objects but also by dissertation, leaving him entirely evacuated. Having poured the pestilence of himself into Othello, Iago has nothing left inside him: his antigenerative birth hollows him out, leaving him empty. The closer he is to structure of outlines of research paper, his goal, the flatter his language becomes; by the end, there is no inside left, no place to speak from. The play that begins with his insistent I ends with his silence: from this time forth he never will speak word.

1 Quotations follow the Arden edition of research thesis Othello, edited by M. R. Ridley (London: Methuen, 1958). Ridley follows the 1622 quarto, which often differs from the Folio Othello; I have noted the differences where they seem significant to my argument. Citations of plays other than Othello follow William Shakespeare: The complete Works, ed. Alfred Harbage (Baltimore: Penguin, 1969). 2 Race is of research paper, of course a vexed term; many have pointed out that the word race gained its current meaning only as it was biologized in support of the economic institution of slavery and that the link between race and skin color is a peculiarly contemporary obsession, that (for example) Irish and Jews might in 1604 have been thought of as racially separate from the English. For a particularly lucid account of the questions surrounding the invocation of race as a category in early modern England, see Lynda E. Boose, 'The Getting of a Lawful Race': Racial discourse in early modern England and honor essay the unrepresentable black woman in Women, Race, and Writing in structure of outlines, the Early Modern Period, Margo Hendricks and Patricia Parker, eds. (London and New York: Routledge, 1994), 35-54, esp.

35-40; see also John Gillies, Shakespeare and the geography of difference (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994), for the claim that early modern otherness was based on geography rather than on the anachronistic category of race (25). Essay Structure Help? Nonetheless, in of outlines of research paper, Iago's capacity to shakespeare, make Othello's blackness the primary signifier of his otherness—as Boose observes, once his Ensign has raised the flag inscribing Othello within the difference of skin color, all the presumably meaningful differences Othello has constructed between himself and the infidel collapse (38)—the text insists on the visible difference of skin color that will increasingly come to define race, perhaps because, unlike religion, it (proverbially) cannot be changed. For a discussion of the significance of visible difference in early modern England, see Kim Hall, Reading What Isn't There: 'Black' Studies in Early Modern England, Stanford Humanities Review 3 (1993): 23-33, esp. 25-27; in her account science merely takes up already pre-existing terms of difference, such as skin color and features, that have [previously] been combined with physical and mental characteristics (25). 3 Ridley follows the Folio reading of line 392, since this line occurs in a passage not found in Q1 ; Q2 (1630) famously reads Her name in place of F's My name, perhaps to rationalize Othello's peculiar association of his name with the fairness of a figure for female virginity.

I prefer My name, partly because it suggests the identificatory dynamics that underlie Othello's love for Desdemona; but either reading points toward Othello's association of the stain on Desdemona's virgin body with the blackness of his own face. 4 Desdemona becomes a black weed only in the quartos; F omits the adjective. 5 This position was powerfully—and variously—articulated in structure of research paper, three classic essays published in 1979-80: Edward A. Snow's Sexual Anxiety and the Male Order of Things in Othello, English Literary Renaissance 10 (1980): 384-412; Stanley Cavell's Othello and the Stake of the Other in Disowning Knowledge in Six Plays of robert frost Shakespeare (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1987), 125-42 (originally published in 1979 in The Claim of paper Reason [Oxford: Oxford UP]); and Stephen Greenblatt's The Improvisation of education Power in Renaissance Self Fashioning: From More to Shakespeare (Chicago and London: U of Chicago P, 1980), 222-54, esp. 232-52. For the association of Othello's blackness specifically with sexual contamination, and Othello's internalization of this association, see especially Snow, 400-402; and Cavell, 136-37. Of Research Paper? For a fuller reading of the association between blackness and monstrous sexuality in early modern English culture and in honor council, Othello, see especially Karen Newman, 'And wash the of outlines paper Ethiop white': femininity and the monstrous in Othello in Shakespeare Reproduced: The text in history and ideology, Jean E. Robert Frost Essay? Howard and Marion F. O'Connor, eds. (New York and of outlines of research paper London: Methuen, 1987), 143-62, esp. 148-53; for a fuller reading of the education ways in which Othello internalizes the Venetian construction of structure of outlines his blackness, see Edward Berry, Othello's Alienation, Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 30 (1990): 315-33. Robert Frost Essay? The blackening of structure of outlines Desdemona has become a critical commonplace: see, for example, Michael Neill, Unproper Beds: Race, Adultery, and the Hideous in Othello, Shakespeare Quarterly 40 (1989): 383-412, esp.

410; Berry, 328; Ania Loomba, Gender, race, Renaissance drama (Manchester and New York: Manchester UP, 1989), 59; Parker, Fantasies of 'Race' and 'Gender': Africa, Othello and honor council bringing to light in Hendricks and Parker, eds., 84-100, esp. 95; and of outlines of research paper especially Newman, 151-52, for whom the blackening of structure help Desdemona indicates the of outlines of research paper convergence of woman and black in the category of monstrous sexuality. 6 See W. Higher Education Essay? H. Auden's related account of Iago as practical joker: The practical joker despises his victims, but at the same time he envies them because their desires, however childish and mistaken, are real to structure of outlines of research, them, whereas he has no desire which he can call his own. .. . If the word motive is given its normal meaning of a positive purpose of the higher self like sex, money, glory, etc., then the practical joker is without motive. Yet the professional practical joker is certainly driven, .. . Structure Of Outlines? but the drive is negative, a fear of lacking a concrete self, of being nobody. In any practical joker to whom playing such jokes is a passion, there is always an element of malice, a projection of his self-hatred onto others, and in the ultimate case of the absolute practical joker, this is projected onto all created things (The Dyer's Hand and other essays [New York: Random House, 1962], 256-57).

The emptiness of Auden's practical joker is sometimes associated by later critics with Iago's facility in role-playing; see, e.g., Shelley Orgel, whose Iago gains a temporary sense of self by playing the roles that others project onto him (Iago, American Imago 25 [1968]: 258-73, esp. Robert Frost Research? 272). Greenblatt's Iago has the role-player's ability to imagine his nonexistence so that he can exist for a moment in another and as another; but for Greenblatt, Iago's imagined emptiness is less an structure of outlines paper, ontological state than a cover for essay structure help his emptying out of his victim (235 and 236). More recently Iago's emptiness has reminded critics of a Derridean absence of self or meaning; see, e.g., Bonnie Melchior, Iago as Deconstructionist, Publications of the Arkansas Philological Association 16 (1990): 63-81, esp. 79; or Karl F. Zender, The Humiliation of Iago, SEL 34 (1994): 323-39, esp. 327-28. In Alessandro Serpieri's brilliant semiotic reading, Iago suffers from an envy of being that is the deconstructionist's equivalent of the state Auden describes: Iago cannot identify with any situation or sign or enonce, and is thus condemned to deconstruct through his own enonciations the enonces of others, transforming them into simulacra. Othello is precisely the of outlines paper lord of the enonce (Serpieri, Reading the signs: towards a semiotics of Shakespearean drama, trans.

Keir Elam, in Alternative Shakespeares, John Drakakis, ed. [London and New York: Methuen, 1985], 119-43, esp. 139). In its emphasis on envy and projection, Auden's and Serpieri's work is search, closest to my own; but see also David Pollard's powerful Baudelairian reading of Iago's emptiness and the sadistic projections through which he attempts to of research paper, fill it (Iago's Wound in Othello: New Perspectives, Virginia Mason Vaughan and Kent Cartwright, eds. [Rutherford, Madison, and Teaneck, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP; London and Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1991], 89-96). 7 Adam Phillips, Foreword in Harold N. Boris, Envy (Northvale, NJ, and search London: Jason Aronson, 1994), vii-xi, esp. ix. 8 For some, Othello is of outlines of research, split long before Iago begins his work.

In Berry's account, for example, Othello is umi proquest search, divided from the beginning by the two contradictory selfimages he absorbs from Venice; his failure to paper, escape this limiting framework and hence to achieve a true sense of personal identity is a powerful source of tragic feeling in the play (323 and 330). But for critics who read Othello as an early instance of frost research a colonized subject, this failure is not personal but systemic: both Loomba (32, 48, and 54) and Jyotsna Singh (Othello's Identity, Postcolonial Theory, and Contemporary African Rewritings of Othello in Hendricks and Parker, eds., 287-99, esp. 288) position Othello specifically in opposition to paper, what Singh calls the dominant, Western fantasy of a singular, unified identity (288). But Iago at least insists that he is the divided one, and Othello initially claims that his soul is perfect or undivided; whatever the state to which Othello is search, reduced, Othello —like The Tempest —seems to me to encode the paper fantasy that the exotic other possesses a primitive unitary identity before his induction into a Western-style split self. 9 I first read this paper to a very helpful and responsive audience at Notre Dame in November 1994, on robert frost, which occasion Richard Dutton called my attention to the way in which Othello's self-division is literally played out on the stage. 10 As Iago's self-alienation passes to Othello, so does his habit of structure of outlines of research soliloquizing. Soliloquies are usually in Shakespearean tragedy the discourse of self-division: only those whose selves are in pieces need to explain themselves to themselves and have distinct-enough interior voices to carry out the job for essay help our benefit. Initially Iago's soliloquies formally mark him as fractured in comparison with Othello's wholeness; by the end, Othello is the of research soliloquizer. 11 I here depart from Ridley in following F's version of line 80; Ridley and Q1 (1622) give And swiftly come to Desdemona's arms.

Ridley himself finds Q1's version of line 80 pallid and shakespeare research paper thinks Shakespeare probably revised it for of outlines of research paper F; that he nonetheless rejects the Folio version on the grounds that it is inconsistent with Cassio's character suggests his resistance to seeing just how eroticized Cassio's idealizing of Othello is (xxixxxx and 52n). In the context of lovemaking, spirits is not a neutral term; for its specifically sexual senses, see Stephen Booth, Shakespeare's Sonnets (New Haven, CT, and London: Yale UP, 1977), 441-43. 12 See Neill's powerful account of the ways in which the audience is implicated in Iago's invocation of the horrors of miscegenation, the essay structure help improper sexual mixture that medieval theologians called adultery (395-99 and 407-9). For Arthur L. Structure Of Outlines Of Research? Little Jr. the whole of the play constitutes the primal scene of racism, a forbidden sexual sight/site from which the audience constructs the textiles existing significance of race ('An essence that's not seen': The Primal Scene of Racism in Othello, SQ 44 [1993]: 304-24, esp. 305-6). 13 The familiar associations of blackness with monstrosity (see, e.g., Newman, 148; and James R. Structure Of Outlines Paper? Aubrey, Race and the Spectacle of the Monstrous in duke essay contest, Othello, Clio 22 [1993]: 221-38) and specifically with monstrous births (see Neill, 409-10; and Aubrey, 222-27) would probably have made the subterranean connection between Othello and Iago's monstrous birth more available to Shakespeare's audiences than it is to a modern audience. 14 Projection has classically been invoked as a mechanism in Othello, but usually in the other direction, from Othello to of research, Iago; see, e.g., J.I.M.

Stewart, Character and Motive in honor, Shakespeare: Some Recent Appraisals Examined ([London, New York, and Toronto: Long-mans, Green and Company, 1949], 102-5), though Stewart ultimately abandons a naturalistic reading of the play through projection for a symbolic reading of Iago and Othello as parts of a single whole. For somewhat later versions of Iago as Othello's projection, see, e.g., Henry L. Warnken, Iago as a Projection of Othello in Shakespeare Encomium 1564-1964, Anne Paolucci, ed. (New York: The City College, 1964), 1-15; and Orgel, 258-73. In these accounts projection is loosely used to indicate that Iago expresses unacknowledged doubts or desires in Othello's mind (or, in of outlines, Orgel's reading, Othello's unacknowledged need for a punitive superego); they generally do not explore the mechanism of projection or consider the degree to which the structure of the gcse products play posits Iago—not Othello—as its psychic starting point. For Auden, who reads the play through Iago as practical joker, projection begins with Iago, not Othello (see n. 6, above); see also Leslie Y. Rabkin and Jeffrey Brown, who read Iago as a Horneyan sadist, assuaging his pain by projecting his self-contempt and hopelessness onto others (Some Monster in His Thought: Sadism and Tragedy in Othello Literature and of outlines of research Psychology 23 [1973]: 59-67, esp. 59-60); and Pollard, who reads Iago as Baudelairian sadist, filling the world with sadistic projections with which he then identifies to fill his inner emptiness (92-95). Serpieri sees Iago as the artificer of a destructive projection; in his semiotic analysis, litotes—Iago's characteristic nay-saying figure—becomes the essay linguistic equivalent of projection, a figure of structure of research paper persuasion which, by denying, affirms in the 'other' all that—the diabolical, the lustful, the alien—which it refutes or censures in the 'self (134 and 142). Attention to the status of others has made contemporary criticism particularly sensitive to Othello as the site of Iago's projections rather than as the originator of projection; see, e.g., Parker on the violence of projection (100). Gcse Coursework? My account differs from those cited here largely in giving projection a body and in specifying the structure of research mechanisms of projective identification at work in the play. 15 Although Neill emphasizes the hidden/hideousness of the robert frost bed rather than of bodily interiors (394-95), my formulation here is very much indebted to his. Structure? In the course of her enormously suggestive account of the cultural resonances of the hidden/private in Othello and Hamlet, Parker comments extensively on the association of the hidden with the woman's private parts, partly via gynecological discourse; see Parker, Othello and Hamlet: Dilation, Spying, and frost the 'Secret Place' of of research Woman, Representations 44 (1993): 60-95, esp.

64-69. 16 Gender can of course mean kind; but, as Ridley notes, Shakespeare normally uses it of difference of higher education essay sex (40n). 17 Ridley notes that supply = satisfy (40n); for a specifically sexualized use, see Measure for Measure, 5.1.210. 18 Doves is the reading in structure of outlines paper, Ridley and Ql; I here depart from it in giving F's and Q2's dawes. 19 On the relationship between money and faeces, see Sigmund Freud, Character and shakespeare thesis Anal Eroticism in structure of outlines, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, ed. James Strachey, 24 vols. (London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1953-74), 9:167-76, esp. 171 and 173-74; Ernest Jones, Anal-Erotic Character Traits, Journal of Abnormal Psychology 13 (1918): 261-84, esp. Robert Frost Research Essay? 272-74 and 276-77; Karl Abraham, Contributions to structure of research, the Theory of the council essay contest Anal Character in Selected Papers of Karl Abraham (New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1927), 370-92, esp. Of Research? 383; and Otto Fenichel, The Psychoanalytic Theory of Neurosis (New York: Norton, 1945), 281. Council Essay Contest? On sadism and structure of outlines of research anality, see Abraham, The Narcissistic Evaluation of higher essay Excretory Processes in Dreams and Neurosis in Selected Papers, 318-22, esp. Of Outlines Paper? 319 and 321; Jones, 268; and umi proquest dissertation Fenichel, 283.

20 The loci classici for this reading are Martin Wangh, Othello: The Tragedy of Iago, Psychoanalytic Quarterly 19 (1950): 202-12; and Gordon Ross Smith, Iago the Paranoiac, American Imago 16 (1959): 155-67. Both essays are based on Freud's account of delusional jealousy as a defense against of research paper homosexual desire in the Schreber case. For an extension and elaboration of this view, with particular focus on Iago's hatred of women, see also Stanley Edgar Hyman, Iago: Some Approaches to textiles coursework existing, the Illusion of His Motivation (New York: Atheneum, 1970), 101-21. Contemporary critics who comment on the homoerotic dynamic between Iago and Othello tend to locate their readings not in this model but in the complex of metaphors that makes Iago's seduction of Othello into an aural penetration and structure insemination, with a resulting monstrous (and miscegenistic) conception; see, e.g., Coppelia Kahn, Man's Estate: Masculine Identity in Shakespeare (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: U of California P, 1981), 144-45; and Parker in Hendricks and Parker, eds., 99-100. Parker notes that the imagined penetration is research paper thesis, anal as well as aural (99); see also, e.g., Graham Hammill's brief discussion of Iago's anal eroticism, The Epistemology of Expurgation: Bacon and The Masculine Birth of Time in Queering the Renaissance, Jonathan Goldberg, ed. (Durham, NC, and London: Duke UP, 1994), 236-52, esp. 251n. 21 For historically based arguments against Iago-as-repressed-homosexual, see Jonathan Dollimore, Sexual Dissidence (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991), 157-62; and Bruce R. Smith, Homosexual Desire in Shakespeare's England: A Cultural Poetics (Chicago and structure of outlines London: U of Chicago P, 1991), 61-63 and 75. Both Dollimore and Smith stress the social functions of the education male homosocial bond rather than the dynamics of homoerotic feeling partly on the grounds that the homosexual subject is an anachronism in the early modern period. But Shakespeare does not need to structure paper, have the category of the homosexual subject available to him in order to represent Iago as acting out of research essay desires inadmissible to him, including sodomitical desires; and critics who insist that we do away with the homosexual as a category sometimes throw out the baby with the of research bathwater. Shakespeare Paper? In Homosexuality and the Signs of structure of outlines paper Male Friendship in Elizabethan England (in Goldberg, ed., 40-61) Alan Bray demonstrates the cultural (nonsexual) uses to which the bedfellow could be put; but in order for Smith, for example, to invoke Iago's report of Cassio's bedfellow dream to make the argument that Iago is a self-conscious male-bonder rather than a repressed homosexual, he has to ignore the explicit sexiness of the dream (the hard kisses plucked up by the roots, the leg over the thigh).

The dream clearly crosses the line—between male friendship and sodomy—that Bray delineates, more strikingly because Iago need not have included all that sexiness to convey his information to Othello; and whether or not the reported dream proclaims Iago a repressed homosexual, its effect on essay, Othello clearly depends as much on its crossing of that line as on the information that Cassio dreams about Desdemona. As for subjectivity: whether or not the Renaissance shared our sense of the structure of outlines of research paper bourgeois subject—in any case, emphatically not the subject as it is construed by psychoanalysis— Othello is obsessively about robert research what is hidden away within the person, the inner, private, and unknowable self that might harbor inaccessible desires. For a good summary of paper these controversies—and a sensible middle position—see Alan Sinfield, Cultural Politics—Queer Reading (Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1994), 12-14. 22 Melanie Klein, Envy and Gratitude (1957) in Envy and duke honor council essay contest Gratitude and Other Works 1946-1963 (London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1975), 176-235, esp. 179. 24 Klein, 192 and 189. 27 For an early statement of this position, see Klein, Early Stages of the Oedipus Conflict (1928) in of outlines of research paper, Love, Guilt and Reparation and Other Works 1921-1945 (London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of gcse textiles coursework Psycho-Analysis, 1975), 186-98, esp. 190-91 and 193-96. 28 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 181. 29 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 186.

30 Quoted here from Bernard Spivack's discussion of Iago and the morality tradition in of research paper, Shakespeare and the Allegory of Evil: The History of a Metaphor in Relation to His Major Villains (New York: Columbia UP, 1958), 184. 31 Betty Joseph, Envy in everyday life in Psychic Equilibrium and Psychic Change: Selected Papers of Betty Joseph, ed. Michael Feldman and Elizabeth Bott Spillius (London and New York: Tavistock/Routledge, 1989), 181-91, esp. 185. 32 In Kleinian terms, Othello has reached the depressive position, characterized by the capacity to shakespeare research thesis, mourn for the damaged object and to of research paper, make reparations to it (see especially Klein, A Contribution to the Psychogenesis of Manic-Depressive States [1935] and robert frost research Mourning and its Relation to Manic-Depressive States [1940], both in Love, Guilt and Reparation, 262-89 and 344-69); Iago functions from within the more primitive paranoid-schizoid position, with its characteristic mechanisms of splitting and projection/introjection (see especially Klein, Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms in Envy and structure paper Gratitude, 1-24). 33 As many have argued: see especially Cavell, 134; and Snow, 392. See also my Suffocating Mothers: Fantasies of Maternal Origin in Shakespeare, Hamlet to The Tempest (New York and London: Routledge, 1992), 69-70. 34 Iago's words here, like Emilia's at 3.4.157-60, refer explicitly to jealousy but nonetheless define the self-referential qualities of envy. Although the robert essay two terms are sometimes popularly confused, they are distinct in psychoanalytic thought: jealousy occurs in of outlines of research, a three-body relationship, derived from the oedipus complex, in essay structure, which the structure paper loss of a good object to a rival is at help stake; envy occurs in a pre-oedipal two-body relationship, in which the good qualities of the object are felt to be intolerable.

Jealousy seeks to structure, preserve the umi proquest search good object, if necessary by of outlines of research, killing it; envy seeks to spoil the good object. (For these distinctions, see Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 196-99; and Joseph in Feldman and Spillius, eds., 182.) Jealousy is a derivative of envy but is more easily recognized and more socially acceptable (Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 198; Joseph in Feldman and shakespeare Spillius, eds., 182); partly as a consequence, it can sometimes serve as an important defence against envy (Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 198). This defensive structure seems to me at work both in Iago and in the play at structure of outlines paper large: in Iago, who repeatedly comes up with narratives of jealousy as though to duke contest, justify his intolerable envy to himself (tellingly, he uses the traditional language of envy—Spenser's Envy inwardly . . . chawed his owne maw in The Faerie Queene [I.iv.30]—to register the gnawing effects of of outlines of research jealousy on him); and in duke honor contest, Othello itself, insofar as its own narratives of jealousy are far more legible and structure of research recognizably human than the envy represented through Iago and dismissed in him as unrecognizable, inhuman, or demonic. 35 Mock has puzzled commentators for years, occasioning five pages of commentary in essay help, the New Variorum edition of structure of research Othello (ed. Horace Howard Furness [Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1886]). Gcse Products? William Warburton (1747) glosses mocke (in terms strikingly close to my own) as loaths that which nourishes and structure of research paper sustains it (176). With very little plausibility but some interest for my argument, Andrew Becket (1815) transforms mocke to muck, glossing it as to bedaub or make foul: two other commentators—Zachariah Jackson and Lord John Chedworth—approved of this emendation enough to come up with candidates for the monstrous animal that befouls its food, mouse and dragon-fly, respectively (179). 36 Zachary Grey suggested in structure, 1754 that mock is a contraction for mammock (Furness, ed., 176); as far as I can tell, his suggestion has been entirely ignored. 37 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 201-2. 38 See Hamlet, 2.2.181-82.

39 This destruction also has the effect of separating the two figures whose conjunction has haunted Iago's imagination. Klein hypothesizes the structure paper combined parent figure as a special target of envy (the suspicion that the parents are always getting sexual gratification from one another reinforces the phantasy . . . that they are always combined [Envy and Gratitude, 198]); Iago in fact evokes such a fantasy-figure in his initial description of Othello and search Desdemona as fused, a beast with two backs (1.1.116), always in the process of structure achieving the structure help incorporate conclusion (2.1.258-59) that is structure of research, always denied him. 41 My formulation here is gcse coursework existing products, partly indebted to Janine Chausseguet-Smirgel's work on perversion, especially anal perversion, which she sees as an of outlines of research, attempt to dissolve generational and gender differences in order to defend against acknowledgment of the pervert's own puniness and vulnerability; though she does not draw specifically on Klein's concept of envy, her work sometimes intersects usefully with Klein's. In Chausseguet-Smirgel's reading, Sade's intention, for example, is to reduce the search universe to faeces, or rather to annihilate the universe of differences (Perversion and the Universal Law in Chausseguet-Smirgel, Creativity and structure Perversion [New York: W. W. Norton, 1984], 4). Insofar as perversion attempts to replace God's differentiated universe with its own undifferentiation, it is the structure equivalent of Devil religion (9); the undifferentiated anal universe constitutes an imitation or parody of the genital universe of the father (11). While this formulation is suggestive for Iago, I think that Chausseguet-Smirgel is hampered by her Lacanian milieu, with its overvaluation of the phallus and the father's law; Iago is at least as intent on imitating and structure of outlines of research ultimately replacing the research essay mother's generative function as the structure of outlines paper father's law. 42 With the kind of psychological intuition that everywhere animates his portrayal of Satan, Milton reworks Emilia's comment: unable to stand the debt immense of endless gratitude to the God who has created him (Paradise Lost, Bk.

4, 1. 52), Satan proclaims himself self-begot, self-rais'd / By our own quick'ning power (Bk. 5, 11. 860-61). Klein cites Milton's Satan as an instance of the spoiling of creativity implied in envy (Envy and Gratitude, 202). 43 According to the Oxford English Dictionary, birdlime is a sticky substance made out of the bark of the structure help holly tree and smeared on structure of outlines of research, branches to entrap birds; With the barkes of Holme they make Bird-lyme, cited from Henry Lyte's 1578 Niewe herball or historie of honor plantes (Oxford English Dictionary, prep. J. Of Research Paper? Simpson and E.S.C. Weiner, 2d ed., 20 vols. [Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989], 2:216).

Holme is confusing; it is cited as blacke Holme in Spenser's Virgils Gnat (1. 215), but there apparently refers to the oak, not the holly. In any case, despite the echo of lime, birdlime seems to have been dark, not white. 44 The equation of faeces with baby is familiar to psychoanalysis; see, e.g., Freud, On the Sexual Theories of Children, on the cloacal theory of birth (If babies are born through the anus, then a man can give birth just as well as a woman [9:205-26, esp. Textiles? 219-20]); Jones, 274-75; and Susan Isaacs, Penis-Feces-Child, Internationaljournal of Psycho-analysis 8 (1927): 74-76.

For fantasies that overvalue the power of faecal creation to create or destroy every object, see Abraham, The Narcissistic Evaluation of Excretory Processes, 322; about one of structure of research his patients he reports, That night he dreamed that he had to expel the universe out of his anus (320). 45 Oddly, Ridley associates the pitch into which Iago will turn Desdemona's virtue with birdlime without noting its source in Iago's earlier metaphor (88n). 46 For Shakespeare's reworkings of the proverbially defiling properties of pitch, see, e.g., Love's Labor's Lost, 4.3.3; 1 Henry IV, 2.4.394-96; and textiles coursework existing Much Ado About Nothing, 3.3.53. 47 I here depart from Ridley in following F and Q2; Q1, Ridley's copytext, gives conceit. The half-buried metaphor of childbirth is, I think, present in either case, both through the association of groan—especially in proximity to structure of outlines, a bed—with childbirth (see, e.g., All's Well That Ends Well, 1.3.140 and 4.5.10; and Measure for Measure, 2.2.15) and through the family relation between conceit and Latin conceptus, cited in the OED; the OED also gives Conception of offspring as an obsolete meaning for conceit with a 1589 instance, though it notes that this usage is Perhaps only a pun (3:647-48, esp.

648). 48 See also the best turn F th' bed (Antony and duke essay contest Cleopatra, 2.5.59). Of Outlines Paper? For serve, see Lear's Oswald, A serviceable villain, / As duteous to the vices of honor essay thy mistress / As badness would desire (4.6.248-50); for serve my turn, see Costard's exchange with the king (Love's Labor's Lost, 1.1.281-82). For follow / fallow, see Parker in Hendricks and Parker, eds., 99, citing Herbert A. Ellis, Shakespeare 's Lusty Punning in structure, Love 's Labour's Lost (1973). 49 This is an oversimplified summary of a very complex development in psychoanalytic theory; for a fuller summary, see Projective Identification in R. D. Hinshelwood's A Dictionary of Kleinian Thought (London: Free Association Books, 1991), 179-208; or Elizabeth Bott Spillius's Clinical experiences of projective identification in Clinical Lectures on Klein and Bion, Robin Anderson, ed. (London and New York: Tavistock/Routledge, 1992), 59-73, esp. 59-64. For Klein's initial development of the concept of higher projective identification, see Envy and Gratitude, 8-11. The development of the of outlines of research concept by her followers has had broad ramifications for clinical work; for a particularly lucid account of some of these, see, in addition to Spillius, Joseph, Projective identification—some clinical aspects in Melanie Klein Today: Developments in Theory and Practice, Elizabeth Bott Spillius, ed., 2 vols. Essay Structure Help? (London and New York: Routledge, 1988), 1:138-50.

50 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 11. 51 Collied is structure paper, conjecturally related to coaly by the OED, 3:390-91. 52 Folio gives hell for textiles existing products Q1's cell. The Folio reading would ally black vengeance with Iago's monstrous birth. In either reading, the apparently superfluous hollowness suggests an inner space; as Ridley notes, it occurs, again redundantly, in the reference to structure of outlines paper, a hollow mine (4.2.81). Shortly after he calls up black vengeance, and again in 5.2, Othello imagines his revenge swallowing up his victims (3.3.467 and 5.2.76), as though returning them to the interior source of his vengeance. 53 Klein, Envy and Gratitude, 11; Joseph in Spillius, ed., Melanie Klein Today, 140.

Source: Iago's Alter Ego: Race as Projection in Othello in Shakespeare Quarterly, Vol. 48, No. 2, Spring, 1997, pp. 125-44. Access our Othello Study Guide for robert frost research essay Free. The most significant purpose for Venice being the setting of Othello has to do with Shakespeare honoring the source from which his ideas for the play came. Almost the entire play is based on an. In Othello, Iago is extremely manipulative.

Iago is of research, a master at manipulation. Honor Council? Through his mere words, he plants seeds of doubt in Othello. Truly, Iago is subtle in his accusation as he merely. There is - as usual in Shakespeare's tragedies - a huge body count at the end of structure of research Othello. In the scene in the dark, Cassio is wounded in the leg, and Roderigo is killed by Iago in the dark. In the. There are several reasons given for Iago's hatred of, and intended ruination of Othello. First, he is insulted by Othello's promotion of Cassio; he felt that he deserved the promotion.

That is. For each of the following soliloquies, you can find modern English versions in the etext version of the script. For now, I'm just giving a capsule summary. Coursework? One comes at the end of Act I, scene 3.

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100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. For your paper, you will pick an issue to research. You will need to of outlines of research paper, be sure that this is an arguable issue, which means it is one that people hold different views about.

As you read through information on research, this issue, you should be narrowing your topic into a single statement which states your position. This could be a claim of fact, definition, cause, value, or policy. Note: Some teachers use the term argument essay and others call it a position essay. These terms mean the structure of outlines of research, same thing and are used interchangeably in this article. Is there a way to reduce abortions without legislation? (policy) Does a police officer's racial background make a difference in how they do their job? (value) Should the gcse existing, racial make-up of a police department be the same as the community they serve? (definition) How can pro-life and pro-choice groups work together? (values) Should Barbie be banned? (value) Should reality T.V. Structure Of Outlines Of Research! shows have regulations? (policy) What is true beauty? (definition) Is video gaming good or bad? (value) Are beauty contests a positive thing for young girls? (value) Are participation trophies in athletics a good idea? (policy) Are overbearing sports parents helpful or harmful? (definition) Should young children be pushed to compete at athletics? (policy) Should children have scheduled activities or be left more time for free play? (value) What is the cause of the increase in child obesity? (cause) How can we encourage children to thesis, be more active? (policy) Should people on welfare be required to submit to paper, drug testing? (policy) Why do so many celebrities have terrible life problems? (cause) Should media coverage be regulated? (policy) What is the frost essay, effect of media coverage on structure of outlines paper, elections? (fact) What is human trafficking? (definition) How can human trafficking be stopped? (policy) How do elected female officials differ from elected males? (fact) How important is it to have equal representation of genders and shakespeare research paper thesis, races in political office? (value) How can we support the election of more females to political offices? (policy) How can we get more minorities to become police officers? (policy) How can the rights of artists and writers be protected on the Internet? (policy) Why should you pay for your music? (value) Does religious persecution exist? (fact) Should people be allowed to make designer babies? (value) What can be done to structure of outlines of research, reduce unemployment among young African American men? (policy) Should the minimum wage be raised or lowered? (policy) This essay argues that sometimes, a nursing home can be the best choice. Poor Across Oceans. This essay argues that we need to care more for people in robert frost research, developing countries. Hunger Hurts. How can we solve the problem of hunger? Should we have a national high school exam? (policy) Is private school tuition (elementary, high school, or college) really worth it? (value) Does statewide testing (like the TAKS/STAAR test in Texas) really increase student knowledge? (cause) Should colleges abolish reliance on SAT and ACT scores in admissions? (policy) How should the country's school system be reformed? (policy) Should the paper, U.S. Umi Proquest Search! adopt an educational system like Europe's? (policy) What causes students to graduate from high school without basic skills? (cause) How do American students compare with students from other countries? (fact) What role should technology play in education? (value) What is the value of a liberal arts education? (value) Should students be required to take foreign language courses (or any other type of specific course)?

Does adding days to the school year really improve learning? (fact) Should schools continue to spend money on fine arts? (value) How should students whose first language is structure of outlines paper, not English be taught in public schools? (policy) Should college athletes be paid? (policy) Cell phones control our relationships. (definition) Computers are changing the way humans think. (fact) Texting and help, cell phone use has caused young people to of research, be less able to umi proquest dissertation search, concentrate and focus (or you can do the structure of research paper, reverse—has caused them to be able to handle multi-tasking more effectively and efficiently). (cause) Cell phones have changed the way we relate to each other in positive ways. (value) Cell phones, texts, and umi proquest search, emails are not as good as talking face-to-face. Structure Of Outlines! (value) Textbooks should be replaced by duke honor council essay contest i-Pads and online resources. Of Outlines Of Research! (policy) How are online technologies changing the way we live? (policy) How is technology changing our definition of what it means to duke council essay contest, be human? (value) What laws should we have about structure of outlines cell phone use in cars? (policy) How is social media changing family relationships? (definition) Should parents limit teenagers' use of social media? (policy) What privacy policies should be upheld by social media companies? (policy) What should (and should not) be posted on umi proquest dissertation search, Facebook by college students? (value) Should scientists be allowed to experiment on structure of outlines, human embryos? (value) What is nanotechnology? What are its applications and dissertation search, possible uses in structure of outlines, the future? (definition) Which kind of topic are you most interested in? Is China the gcse coursework existing, Next Superpower? (Fact) How should we respond to the global problem of illegal immigration? (policy) Would a border fence solve the immigration problem in structure of outlines paper, the U.S.? (fact) What is the relationship between immigration and nationality? (definition) What causes people to immigrate illegally? (cause) Should the U.S. have a visitor work program? (policy) How has immigration affected the umi proquest dissertation, history of the U.S.? (definition) Should all states have laws giving policemen the right to structure of outlines, require people to prove their legal status? (policy) How can legal immigration be streamlined? (policy) Who should be allowed to immigrate? Who should not? (value) How many illegal immigrants live in duke essay contest, the U.S.? Who are they and where do they live? (fact) Toilet Video Games? Have We Gone Too Far?

Is war inevitable? How does war become integral to society? (definition) How do people justify war? (value) What might help establish peace? (policy) Should the U.S. continue to act as a policeman for structure of outlines, other countries? (value) How should the duke council essay contest, United States defend itself against of outlines paper terrorism? (policy) Is drone warfare ethical? (value) How is cyber warfare becoming more important? (fact) Is the U.S. engaging in cyber attacks on other countries? (fact) How did 9/11 change the way Americans feel about themselves as a world power? (definition) Should military spending in the U.S. increase or decrease? (policy) How important is robert frost research, race to American identity? (fact) To what extent does individual identity depend on structure of research, ethnic affiliation? (definition) How does immigration from Latin America affect the robert frost research, culture of structure of research paper America? (fact) Why do Americans think in terms of a person having one race when so many Americans have a mixed racial, cultural, and/or ethnic background? (value) Is it a good idea for people to adopt children from another ethnic group? (value) What is essay, culture? (definition) What is the value of knowing your racial and of outlines of research paper, cultural heritage? (value) Should schools be required to essay structure help, teach multiculturalism? (policy) Should churches work harder to be multi-racial? (value) How can parents help raise their children to be appreciative of other cultures? (policy) Is global warming a problem and if so, what can we do about it? (fact) How can we resolve the economy versus environment debate? (policy) How can we be sure to provide clean water for everyone? (policy) What responsibility do Americans have for providing clean water to other nations? (value) How will the structure of outlines paper, worldwide population increase affect our planet? (fact) What can be done to robert essay, stop poaching of endangered species? (policy) Is hunting good for paper, the environment? (definition/fact) How can citizens be responsible for their local environment? (policy) What can manufacturers do to help clean up the earth? (fact) What is the essay structure help, importance of clean water? (fact) What is the relationship between health and pollution? (fact) How does the of outlines, current trend of dissertation search species extinction compare to the past? (fact) What can Americans do to stop global pollution? (policy) How can we encourage people to structure of outlines of research paper, recycle more? (value) How does global warming increase the dangers of disease in products, the U.S.? (fact) Sometimes, it can help to look through your textbook to find essays to spark ideas. In my class, we use a book by of outlines Nancy Wood called Perspectives on dissertation, Argument . In the back of this book is a list of of outlines paper suggested issues and research paper thesis, articles related to structure of research, those issues. Usually, these articles are just a start for looking for a topic. You can take an idea from the article you like and then research it to find out what different people think about that issue. Still having trouble finding a topic? Try looking up an issue you are interested in on umi proquest search, YouTube.

You might get some good ideas just browsing around. Sometimes the structure of outlines paper, title of a video can give you a main idea and title. Especially look for ideas that can be turned into questions that you can argue pro or con. Whether you go online or look at a paper copy, you can use the honor council essay, news to give you an idea of structure of outlines what to write about. Just remember that if you are doing a research paper that you will need to cite any sources that you use, so make sure you keep a copy. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42.

100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 15. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. 100 Science Topics for frost, Research Papers. by structure of outlines paper Virginia Kearney 109. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 129. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Rosie--You have a good topic and an interesting personal connection. I'd suggest that you do a frame story introduction and paper thesis, conclusion. Start with your situation and then stop part-way through and ask the question: should you call CPS?

Then do your answer and tell why or why not. Paper! Finish with telling the end of your story. See my articles on How to write an essay structure argument paper and How to write a position paper for full instructions. Wondering how to write a position essay. Topic should you call Child Protective Services. In my personal life we are going through a situation where we called the of research, child protective services but much is not being done. Gcse Textiles Existing Products! Was thinking if I choose this topic I could write some of our family's frustration about the situation, don't know how to go about writing this essay. Virginia Kearney 5 weeks ago from United States. Khen--You can find help if you look for my articles about how to write different kinds of position or argument papers. I have several different articles that can lead you step by step through the process.

Can you please help me in my position paper? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Roami, You have an interesting idea. I think one way for you to get some good information to paper, start your paper is to research why local languages are not included in the instruction first. Next, you might want to research essay, interview some people to find out their positions and to get some quotes on this topic. Finally, you might want to structure of research paper, get some research articles which show whether or not using a local or home language of a student helps them to learn better. In the United States, research has shown that students who receive some instruction in their own language at least at first often do better in existing, the long run than a child who is fully immersed in English.

In my own experience as a teacher, I discovered that children who came to an all-English classroom before grade 2 or 3, generally was very competent in that language by age 12. However, if they entered an all English school later, they were often not able to catch up. However, that only works if the of outlines of research, child is in a school where no one else speaks their native language (as is often true in the U.S. but not true in a school where all the children speak their local language together). You have a wonderful topic and essay contest, one that is very important for your country to of outlines of research, consider. Gcse Coursework Products! I wish you great success in structure of outlines of research paper, your paper. pls, i need u to essay help, look into structure of outlines of research paper this position topic for me. Structure! Should local languages be made as compulsory as religious languages in schools. Of Outlines Paper! Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Paper Thesis! Hi Sam, you might want to try my article about Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas, or else do the negative of any idea here or in one of my many other argument essays. In a devil's advocate paper, you want to go against what most people think. Here are a few ideas just to get you thinking: Why Trump will be regarded as one of our top 5 presidents.

Why we should leave ISIS alone. Structure Of Research Paper! Why race is less a problem in education, America than Europe. Why the leader of North Korea isn't really crazy. I have this assignment of structure of outlines playing the role of robert research devil's advocate and I can't think of a good topic! ( I personally prefer a political related topic). Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States.

Aidyn-You add a very interesting position topic. I had not thought about schools making rules against fasting but it certainly could hurt a child's performance in school if they were fasting for structure of outlines paper, a longer period than a day or two. That could cause a school to council essay contest, be concerned. Thanks for your comment and idea. Aidyn Krikorian 6 months ago. I greatly appreciate your website, and I have a suggestion for structure of outlines, a topic. Higher Education! Should we allow fasting or other religious acts in schools? This topic facsinates me and I do hope you will consider it.

I have chosen a topic to use for a paper from this webpage and will be returning. Structure Of Outlines! Thank you, Aidyn. Essay Structure Help! Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Of Outlines Of Research Paper! Rose--You did not mention what aspect of culture you are writing about which makes it hard to help you. However, for example, if you are writing a paper arguing to people that only like modern music that classical music is worth listening to, you could start by talking about what you agree with about modern music and acknowledge why people of your generation might prefer to listen to it.

Then you could explain why they would actually enjoy classical music if they gave it a try or explain how they could grow to essay contest, appreciate that kind of music. I need help on my regerian Argument eassy on culture. I dont now how to start it, Does anyone knows how.thanks. Structure Of Research! Preston Heard 8 months ago. These are great topics for umi proquest, the upcoming research essays. Structure Of Outlines Of Research Paper! I will definitely be using one of them. Thank you for this resource! Aaron Gibson 8 months ago. Excited for your class this semester! Matt Hartman 8 months ago.

This article along with many of the robert frost essay, other articles you have written will be very helpful this semester! I'm looking forward to your class! Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Look for my articles about how to write argument or position essays for lots of ideas on structure, how to honor council, introduce essays and find sources. Luckily, Google Scholar has lots of excellent peer-reviewed essays that are good sources, but you can also find many good sources that come from government, Universities or published journals that post online (look for .gov, .edu or a journal that also appears in print). One easy way to start your introduction is to structure of outlines of research paper, tell a story about dissertation search a student who is generally shy (or maybe bullied) but gets excited (and more included by structure of research others) when they are able to share about their own culture during a multiculturalism unit.

I am doing an Apa essay on should schools be required to teach multiculturalism any idea on how I should start my intro and what sources I should use? Virginia Kearney 11 months ago from United States. Bebe--You don't tell me whether your paper is a research paper or not, but I've written many articles on how to write different sorts of essays. You can use the search engine on HubPages to find them, or look at the links that usually appear when you pull up one of my articles. Search Argument essays or How to Write a Position Essay or just type in search, VirginiaLynne. To start a paper on your topic, I think I would use a story in structure of outlines of research paper, the introduction showing a miscommunication when people don't talk face to shakespeare research paper thesis, face.

Hey . Can you please help me in my position paper . I dont how to start . My topic is cellphone,texts and emails are not as good as talking face to structure, face . It is from yours sample :) thank you. Higher Education! I think that is of outlines paper, video gaming good or bad is a great topic to choose. Gcse Products! Virginia Kearney 19 months ago from paper United States. Yes Alsaifl, I think that What is beauty? could be a topic. Contest! You are right that your answer would be a definition claim. Jumanah Alsaif 19 months ago. Is the paper, topics What is true beauty? (definition) a good topic for a position paper? I was thinking of education essay writing how the definition of beauty is different for each individual. Brittany Adams 14 2 years ago. Thank you so much for posting!

This helps a lot with my writing! Tariq Ali Khan 2 years ago. Excellent work buddy! Thank you so much ! Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio. Great topics for a variety of structure of outlines essays for everyone who needs to be inspired. Voted up for useful!

That Tom Hanks video is essay help, hilarious. These ideas are very thought-provoking and inspiring! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Cindy A. So glad I was able to of research, give you some good information! Unbelievable. You have helped me enormously. Thank you so much.

Thank you for education essay, these great topics. Structure Of Outlines Paper! VJG 2 years ago from Texas. Dissertation Search! This would be an interesting article for school students. They always seem to of research, struggle for essay ideas. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Safa--Here are the main steps: 1. Essay Structure! Choose a question you are going to write about.

Then think about what your answer to the question is going to be. 2. Decide what you want your reader to think, do or believe after they read your essay. That is of outlines paper, your thesis (the answer to your question). 3. Decide who you want to robert frost essay, persuade to believe this (that is your reader or audience). Think about what that reader already knows and believes about your topic.

That will help you develop your arguments. The reader should not be someone who already believes what you do. If they do, you aren't really arguing are you? 4. Think of at least 3 reasons why your reader should believe your thesis. Those reasons will be the main body part of your essay. 5. Of Outlines Of Research Paper! Think of examples or evidence which supports each of those reasons. Structure! That is what you will use to support those three reasons.

6. What objections will your reader have? Write those out and also your answers to of outlines of research paper, those objections. Duke Honor Council Essay! This will be a paragraph after your reasons. 7. Structure Of Outlines! For your conclusion think of what good will come if your reader believes you. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from robert United States. Hi katha- if you look at the bottom right blue box I have the links to sample essays. These are student essays so they are published by my students under their own names here on of outlines of research, hubpages. Maybe I should move these up on the page so you can find them more easily. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from higher education essay United States. Samarah--Yes I think that vaccinating children is a very good topic. You can also narrow that to particular types of vaccinations that are new like the of outlines paper, chickenpox vaccine or the HPV.

Another possible argument on this topic is whether or not it is true that vaccines are the main reason for better health in research paper thesis, people today than in of research paper, the past. Is the right to vaccinate children a good topic? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from help United States. I think you can do something related to obesity or how different types of food are good or bad for your health. Of Research Paper! Or you can talk about GMO foods or organic or locally grown produce.

Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Xstatic--I love the fact that you do have a position on everything--I like to look at all sides of things and that is help, great as an instructor teaching positions, because I can play the devils advocate, but sometimes I do need to just nail down my own point of view! Jim Higgins 5 years ago from Eugene, Oregon. A great how to for position papers. I have not written one for of outlines of research, years, though I have a position on almost everything. Useful Hub and well done as usual. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and structure help, company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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Example Of Opinion Essay Essays and Research Papers. Opinion essay Opinion essay is a formal piece of essay writing which presents the . author’s point of view on a particular subject supported by reasons and examples . The opposing viewpoint is also suggested, it goes with arguments that show that it is unconvincing. A Successful Opinion Essay Consists of: An introduction where the topic and the author’s opinion are stated clearly. A main body where viewpoints supported by reasons are presented in several paragraphs. This section has also the. Education , Essay , Mobile phone 792 Words | 3 Pages. ? Opinion Essay Some people use marijuana for health purposes, some just use it to get really high.

Smoking marijuana . isn’t as bad as it seems to structure, others. Obviously lighting something on fire and dissertation inhaling it wouldn’t seem as if it’s good or healthy for you. That’s why people get the wrong impression. I believe marijuana should be legalized because there are more positives to it than negatives. Marijuana can help people medically and help the economy. Ironically other substances that are. Bipolar disorder , Cancer , Disease 898 Words | 4 Pages. Name Demeshov Yerkebulan ID 20121754 Opinion Essay Music is the best type of . Of Outlines. Art What is duke council essay, art? Everyone knows about it, but could you say a lot about music? May be yes, may be no. Of Outlines Paper. Music is the best type of art.

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Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Sample Essay Read this example sample essay . Research Paper Thesis. Then answer the questions below. The qualities of of research a hero . include selflessness, having the inspiration to existing products, be a founder and being courageous. With these qualities in of outlines of research paper, mind, it is easy to duke honor council essay, see why many Emiratis see Sheikh Zayed as a hero. He embodied the of outlines of research, three qualities mentioned above and these heroic qualities were seen in his life and work. He was born in Al Ain and had a simple education which included learning the shakespeare research thesis, Koran and mathematics. Of Research. His.

Abu Dhabi , Al Ain , Hero 1313 Words | 4 Pages. Examples from shakespeare research thesis Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness “The research I did this summer focused on sorption of cesium and . Structure Of Research Paper. strontium by soils. These two chemicals are commonly found in chemical contaminants… My research also focused on the distribution coefficient which is robert frost research, a measurement of how much of a solvent is [absorbed] by a geologic medium.” “I found that many of the readings I came across regarding abortion seemed to convey a strong belief in human rights, which was demonstrated by the dichotomy. Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages. all want to of outlines, have a place to belong in the social jungle that is middle school. But in honor council essay contest, my opinion it’s not worth all the drama and trouble that . it will most likely create. For instance you could be suspended, fail your classes, become addicted on structure of outlines of research, drugs, or worse, and essay these are the things that will cause you to fail and mess you up for life.

Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to teach you how to deal with the unfairness in life. When I first started. College , English-language films , High school 1128 Words | 3 Pages. age of expansion following on an age of discovery, its expansion led to still further discovery about structure of outlines of research architectural design and decoration. Section A: . Interiors S.Maria Della Salute (1631-1682) The interior of S.Maria Della Salute is a very good example of Baroque Architecture and textiles existing products design. It displays the Baroque essence in structure of outlines, a way but is not completely over ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details. Research Paper. Marble is mainly used in the columns and the base appears to be gilded in structure of outlines of research paper, bronze. Duke Honor Council Contest. Sculptures. Baroque , Baroque music , Dome 1264 Words | 4 Pages.

of the week when Pete receives big shipments of inventory for of outlines paper the store. When that occurs the retail part of the dissertation, Garden Center can be really busy for a few . days after stocking the new inventory. Inventory can range from a variety of things, for example ; garden rocks in assorted rock pallets, mulch bags sorted out by type, hay bales stacked, and of outlines paper even bird baths. So as one of the three managers, Pete has to make sure things go well and items are placed correctly and neatly throughout the store, in. Annual plant , Evergreen , Garden 1115 Words | 3 Pages.

Example Essay “He that is good for duke honor council essay contest making excuses is seldom good for anything else.” -- Ben Franklin. As early as the . founding of the United States of America, Mr. Structure Paper. Franklin observed society using the excuse, I don't have enough time… and it negative effects on their lives. Today, it is frequently used as an excuse to textiles coursework existing products, justify the lack of time management skills. The effects on kids, work, or even in structure of research paper, family life are sometimes devastating. In a day there are 24 hours, and time is available. Benjamin Franklin , Family , Franklin Planner 950 Words | 3 Pages.

idea of ghosts is far too exaggerated to be real. According to psychologydictionary.org the paranormal is “designating any phenomenon comprising the . transfer of data or energy which can't be described by help, present scientific insights” (“What”). For example , a couple of years ago I was in my house alone. I was walking towards the front door and a pair of scissors fell from the countertop and on to the floor. Paper. It scared me to research, death and it was like the scissors had been thrown. I do not know if it was. Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages. ?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950’s to Today Sexuality, like many other . things in our world, is an ever changing thing. The ideas and connotations surrounding it change from generation to generation. Because of this, the of research, idea of sex in the 1950’s is completely different from the idea of sex today.

Today, sexuality can be expressed in almost anything we do. Commercials, billboards, TV shows, movies, magazine articles, and higher education many other. 20th century , 21st century , Global warming 1105 Words | 4 Pages. other areas) show specific anatomical and functional features in professional and semi-professional musicians.” One of the of outlines of research, most visible . benefits of playing a musical instrument is the improvement of memory capacity and ability. Shakespeare Thesis. For example , the constant use of structure of outlines of research paper both the left and higher education right hemispheres of the brain simultaneously in of outlines, someone who plays the piano exercises memory.

Thanks to this, it is also believed that people who play musical instruments are less prone to have neurodegenerative. Brain , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 946 Words | 3 Pages. Theories of Relativity Opinion Essay. Theories of Relativity Opinion Essay : Why We Should Read This Novel in the ENG3C Course Living on the street can be tough, . Duke Honor Council Essay Contest. especially if you’re a teenager. In Theories of Relativity by Barbara Haworth-Attard, readers have a chance at seeing just how hard life on the streets can be for teenagers. Of Research Paper. We should study Theories of Relativity in the ENG3C course for many reasons, including how many students can relate to Dylan, because the book has many interesting characters and because of.

Adolescence , Birmingham , Education 892 Words | 3 Pages. over the use of Stem Cell Research. Stem Cell Research? I don’t even know what that means! All I do know is that those stinking Democrats support it, which . means I automatically have to honor council, be against it. You can’t possibly expect me to actually have an of outlines of research paper, opinion on higher, something as complicated as this!

The basis for structure paper the things I oppose is simply spite. Spite for the Democrats. Gcse Textiles. If a Democrat supports it, I oppose it! Using your brain to structure of research paper, support or oppose things is just way too overrated nowadays. I own a private. Democratic Party , George H. W. Bush , George W. Bush 1069 Words | 3 Pages. of essay preparation What differentiated higher quality example essays from lower quality example . essays ? There were several different aspects that differentiated higher quality example essay from lower quality example essays . Firstly, the higher quality example essays , such as the paper thesis, Distinction and structure of research High Distinction essays provided great structure and an argument with a very good presentation. The introduction in the Distinction essay introduced relevant literature and addressed the essay topic.

Citation , Essay , Essays 761 Words | 3 Pages. The Symbol of a Mockingbird Supported Opinion Essay Prejudice and racism are a part of council contest living and people will always be . confronted with it, but why are people hated or precluded? Do others actually know who they are or are they just judged because of the bad stories others heard about them? In the book To Kill a Mockingbird, Lee writes about this theme and she uses the of outlines of research paper, mockingbird is a symbol. A mockingbird is a harmless bird that makes the world more pleasant. Mockingbirds are the innocent.

Harper Lee , Northern Mockingbird , To Kill a Mockingbird 1192 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jack Hamilton AP English 3 Mrs. Rothbard Period 5 December 21, 2014 Bill O'Reilly Editorial Essay Whether it be from his television show . The O'Reilly Factor, one of his Killing books, or from honor council contest editorial articles, it is fair to say that most Americans know who Bill O'Reilly is. O'Reilly is structure of research paper, known for his conservative views that can be attributed in shakespeare research, part to his coming from a classic Irish Catholic family and [having] attended private catholic schools, according to his biography on IMDb. Though. Bill O'Reilly , Editorial , Federal government of the United States 939 Words | 4 Pages. BBI20 Assignment#5 Opinion Essay on Inventions 1st March 2011 In my opinion , the most important invention of structure of outlines of research . Essay Structure. all time in structure of outlines of research paper, the history of human civilization and gcse textiles existing enterprise is the internet. Structure Of Outlines. Why the gcse textiles, internet? Simply because I believe this invention has made the world a better place. In almost everything we do, we need the Internet.

Whether it is to look for of outlines paper a job, research for umi proquest dissertation a project or even find love. The Internet is a dominant factor that plays an important role in our lives. We just simply. Better , History of the Internet , Hyperlink 1419 Words | 4 Pages. ? EXAMPLE 1 – ESSAY Life sometimes goes wrong under the best of circumstances, but what if you spend your days in a hospital bed . slowly suffocating to death as cancer eats away at your body? You’re horrified, your quality of life is at an all time low and you can’t see any point in delaying the inevitable. Of Outlines. That is existing, why Physician assisted suicide should be a choice for patients who are incurable. Physician assisted suicide (PAS) should be legal in cases that involve unbearable suffering or. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Death , Euthanasia 1509 Words | 5 Pages.

?Question: Analyze how the writer influenced you to change your opinion throughout the text about a significant idea. Shakespeare wrote . Of Outlines Of Research. Macbeth in the 16th century as tribute to king James the first. At the start of the text king Duncan made me believe that anyone could be a good leader, Duncan effectively portrayed this idea because he put the needs of his country in front of his own. Throughout the text Shakespeare influenced my opinion to textiles coursework existing products, change when Macbeth came into structure of outlines, power as he cared about no. Duncan I of Scotland , James I of England , KILL 849 Words | 3 Pages. Example of a Well Structured Essay. Example of a well structured essay . The content isn’t that exiting and the conclusion is quite weak, but there are many good . points to make on the way the essay is gcse textiles products, structured and paper the way the information is put across.

All my comments are highlighted thus. A good introduction. • Does the job of clearly defining the topic covered in the essay and gcse textiles coursework the specific aspects which will be discussed. See in particular last sentence of introduction. ( We will be looking at of outlines paper the structure of introductions. Causality , Environmentalism , Essay 1501 Words | 5 Pages. Definition Of Friendship Example Essay. of friendship. Consider the purpose, audience, and context of your article. Organize your ideas and details effectively.

Include specific details that . clearly develop your article. Edit your speech for duke contest standard grammar and language usage. Example Essay on structure of outlines of research paper, the Definition of Friendship If asked, many people would say that their friends are some of the most important people in their lives. Education Essay. However, sometimes it is hard to structure of outlines of research, recognize the value of a friend and robert frost research essay see exactly how much they do for us and. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1157 Words | 3 Pages. Aaron B Ms. F ENG-4U Nov, 1st, 2013 Catcher in The Rye Opinion Essay In the of outlines paper, novel Catcher in paper thesis, The Rye, Salinger has employed . a very realistic portrayal of teenagers and how they act. There are plenty of characteristic on structure of outlines of research, how he properly conveyed this to the audience and he also spread these characteristics through-out all of the characters that are used within the novel. Firstly, you have Holden; a teenager who is not always the brightest bulb in the cabinet, but he has a clear understanding. Adolescence , Novel , Question 1140 Words | 3 Pages. ?In this essay , it is about the duke essay contest, journal article that I had presented in the Journal Club.

In the following, I am going to summarize the structure of research paper, . concerned clinical issue / practice presented in textiles, the journal article. In the second part of the essay , I will analyze the concerned clinical issue / practice and relate to my prior learning and/or experience. Structure. Next, I will discuss on what I have learned from the gcse coursework products, concerned clinical issue / practice. Lastly, I am going to of outlines of research paper, recommend strategies to facilitate my learning. Health care provider , Illness , Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator 839 Words | 3 Pages. ? Opinion Essay Options Karisa Horsch Professor R. Sorrell HIST 136; Opinion 2, 3, 6 March . 7th 2013 Industrialists Vs. Workers Opinion Option #2 Today, the research, United States is known for of outlines of research paper being a big, beautiful powerhouse of complex industrial systems and with these industrial systems, bridges have been built, factories have been produced, inventions and workers have been put to work and thus, a new age industry arise. It’s hard to exactly pin-point. 19th century , Immigration , Immigration to the United States 1048 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles that provides a detailed . description for textiles existing a particular person, place, memory, experience or object.

Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on structure of research paper, the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example : Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to coursework existing, escape to for relaxation. Of Outlines. They go there when they need to be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. Opinion Essay: Is Television Good or Bad for robert research American Society? Assignment taught by Dr. Structure Of Outlines Of Research. Sally Lozada.

PART I Throughout the next four modules, you will plan and develop an argumentative essay . Your . homework assignments will consist of: Module 1: Taking a Stance Module 2: Developing an Outline Module 3: Providing Body Paragraphs Module 4: Submitting the Completed Essay Taking a Stance Below is the topic for Essay 1. Essay 1 Topic Television is an interesting form of dissertation entertainment. With a proper cable subscription, one’s television can display. Logic , Obesity , Rhetoric 1160 Words | 6 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . This is not the only way to organize and develop an essay . It is, however, a tried and true system and will likely be what your TCC instructors require of you. Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and purpose. For, before you can know how to approach the subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. statement in this argument?

3. What’s the topic sentence of the structure of outlines of research paper, writer’s personal view? 4. Note down some of the transitions used in this argument: 5. What . is the wrap-up in this essay ? Rhetorical Devices Find the following devices in this argumentative essay . There might be more than one example of education each. Annotate the essay to show these features. Use of personal pronouns Exclamations Hyperbole Imperatives Juxtaposition Modern idioms and trendy phrases Non-sentences Repetition Rhetorical questions. Arc de Triomphe , Food , Hamburger 683 Words | 3 Pages. Steven Vanous Opinion essay 131-17 One of the of outlines paper, most debated topics of today in America is umi proquest dissertation, Health Care. How can we make it . better?

How can we fix the major flaws? How can we, as a country, provide every American citizen with proper adequate health care? These are very good questions. I’m just your average citizen and I figured it out. The answer to all these questions, and many more asked by Americans, is very simple. Structure Of Outlines. Adopt a “Socialized Health Care” system just like the one that’s been used. Health care , Health care in the United States , Health economics 1156 Words | 3 Pages.

Example Literary Essay : The Giver by structure help, Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: “The real voyage of structure of research discovery . consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.” This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of discovering what?s right in front of you by seeing it differently, with “new eyes.” The main character, Jonas, in education, Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his “Capacity to See Beyond.” Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. childhood can become set principles we live by in later life or can influence the decisions we make to give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to age. Structure Of Outlines. Things such as age, gender and commuity will also play a part in shaping the effects of your world view. A World view is described by gcse existing, many different people in various ways for structure of outlines of research example Samovar and research paper Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the German word “Weltanschauung”. I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages. that a person should only set fairly easy and attainable goals for themselves. Now my attitude is that you should pursue what makes you happy, and you . shouldn’t let struggles stop you. Structure Of Research Paper. When I read examples about following a passion, overcoming a fear, and being persistent in frost research essay, your efforts, my prior opinion began to structure of outlines paper, change.

In the structure, book Blake first describes his journey with creating and growing TOMS. Blake was on a vacation trip in Argentina when he realized the locals tremendous need for of outlines of research shoes. 1083 Words | 3 Pages. create flashcards for free at essay structure help Cram.com Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and “Declaration of the Rights of Man” Comparison By wis2cool, april. 2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is a Premium essay for upgraded members Sign Up to access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS. Send Code Napoleon and “Declaration. Age of of outlines of research Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. small, cute animals are “slowly crushed or impaled by women wearing heels,” reports David Michael (2010).

These videos were banned in 1999 by the Supreme . Gcse Textiles Coursework. Court, until the federal law had overreached, and of outlines paper the law was overturned. Duke Honor Essay Contest. These acts are clear examples of cruelty towards animals, and can never be truly justified. Of Outlines. If we take the rights steps, in a warranted and umi proquest honest manner, then we can stop animal abuse, and save future species from an unruly and unjustified future as slaves to man-kind. Of Research Paper. . Animal cruelty , Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Jun. 17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY . – A short literary composition of an analytical, interpretive, or reflective kind, dealing with its subject in a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the shakespeare research, author’s outlook and personality. - An attempt. TYPES OF ESSAYS – Personal – Describes how you feel about structure of research paper someone or something. YOU are at the center . Umi Proquest. . Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages.

Example MBA admission essay The world of finance and structure paper business is higher, a complicated and ubiquitous arena, and the axis around which . most of of research paper our society’s most important issues move. Research. Having worked for a number of years in a multitude of paper administrative positions, I feel in many ways as though I have merely skimmed the surface of a field that is brimming with professional opportunities. The pursuit of a Master’s in Business Administration will enable me access tap previously unused resources in my own. Administration , Business , Business school 873 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay 1 The methods of political control used by textiles coursework, the Han and Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in the degree of citizen participation . in government because of of outlines of research paper how each empire utilized it to robert frost essay, control the structure, people. However, the use of theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by the two empires because it allowed leaders to win over the people in more ways than one. In addition, the use of militaries to control the population and outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages.

ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of expression; it is art, and essay what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of of outlines paper . personal choice. Education. There are, however, universal ways of structure of research looking at a song’s value. First, one can analyze a song based on the message the writer wants to reveal. Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and essay the power of the theme helps listeners decide a song’s worth and universal impact. Closely linked to a song’s theme is the of outlines, song’s literary. Aspect of higher music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages. How to structure of research paper, write an argumentative essay. Give your opinion . Argumentative Essay How to write an frost essay, Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, Format, . Examples , Topics How to write an argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the position of proving that the presented point of view is the structure paper, correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions . The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the assertions or the theories of the argumentative essay . Robert Frost Research Essay. If the structure of research, author. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. ! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. Essay Structure. P. Seligman’s article “On Learned Helplessness” talks about what happens when people go through . traumatic events and how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to feelings of fear, helplessness, depression, and competence.

By applying his theories and ideas I will analyze the of research, article “Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama” by Charles P. Wallace and structure Tim Waters. Paper. In the article by Wallace and Waters, a twenty-six. Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages. Definition Essay How to write a Definition Essay : Outline, Format, Structure, Examples , Topics Writing a . definition essay A definition essay is an essay concentrated on shakespeare research paper thesis, the explanation of the of outlines of research paper, meaning of a definite term. The term may be analyzed from the position of one and only meaning and also from the position of subjectivity of the frost, person defining the term. This classification divides the words into two groups: •material terms – a table, a door, a printer. •spiritual terms – friendship. Causality , Cosmological argument , Definition 2125 Words | 7 Pages. ? ESSAY IS A WRITTEN EXPRESSION OF WRITER'S DIRECT OPINION . THAT OPINION IS BASED ON OUR BELIEFS. now belief is of . further two types: 1. changeable (where there is tendency to change the opinion ) 2. non-changeable ( opinion is in just yes or no; agree or disagree) basically the changeable opinion is structure of outlines, our thesis statement. * every thesis statement is robert frost essay, opinion but every opinion is structure of outlines paper, not thesis statement. Structure Help. types of essays ' topics: 1. open topics on which writer's own tendency to prove his opinion. Belief , Creative writing , Critical thinking 474 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era.

Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of a situation? “Hateful Things” is an opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. Example of an Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and that he would like to be perceived as an educated person with further academic goals. The phonological features of paper a . person’s speech are the most obvious signposts to his or her origins or mother tongue.

For example , Bill pronounces the ‘not’ in robert frost, ‘not really’, ‘correct’, ‘just’ and structure of outlines of research ‘want’ by ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the voiceless consonant (/t/). This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in Mandarin than in English and thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages. 1 AN OPINION COMPOSITION When you are writing an essay that asks you to discuss a topic or give your opinion on a . Education. question, it is structure paper, important to organize your thoughts and help present your arguments clearly and to work out the structure of your essay before you start to write. 1. Plan four or five paragraphs: 2. Structure Of Outlines. 3. Duke Council Essay Contest. 4. 5. - an introduction (saying why it is important, what the situation is. ) - two or three paragraphs in support of the argument/ giving a contrasting or different view (with reasons). Developmental psychology , Essay , Learning 1697 Words | 5 Pages. Wind” essay by Verlyn Klinkenborg and of research paper then answer the following questions: . http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/18/ opinion /18fri4.html?_r=1 1. Explain how the author describes the wind in three sentences? Provide one quote from the essay . 2. Higher Education Essay. Copy down at structure least three descriptions that connect to at least three of the following senses: a. visual b. taste c. Higher Education Essay. hearing d. touch e. smell 3. Write down the author’s main point.

Actually copy his main point from the essay so I. Essay , Following , Plutarch 1249 Words | 4 Pages. every reader's question: So what? Supportable - A thesis must be a claim that you can prove with the structure of outlines of research paper, evidence at hand (e.g., evidence from your texts . or from your research). Shakespeare Research. Your claim should not be outlandish, nor should it be mere personal opinion or preference (e.g., Frederick Douglass is my favorite historical figure.) Precise - An effective thesis statement has been narrowed down from a very broad subject. Your claim should not be something on which whole books could be written. . Argument , Frederick Douglass , Logic 1094 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Development Learning Team B COM/172 September 10, 2010 The ultimate success or failure of a paper may often be traced back to . the planning stages. What might you do to provide yourself with the best opportunity to succeed when writing our college papers? Planning is the most important tool we can use to create an effective essay . When we plan accordingly, we are setting the structure of research, right expectation for completing our assignment.

We take the time to higher education, create an effective outline and use. Begin , Essay , Pop music 1304 Words | 4 Pages. watching. Mary Chastain writes for of research Breitbart.com and research as a concerned parent, she mostly covers semi-controversial subjects of the news that focus on mental . health issues of children. She inserts herself into her articles with compassion and lets her opinions flow. Structure Of Outlines. Any mother or father would certainly feel the council essay contest, compassion in her words and might trust her judgment just by of outlines of research, knowing that she is a mother herself. Not knowing this information could skew your view of higher essay her articles. If I did not know she was. Parent , Psychology , SpongeBob SquarePants 1056 Words | 3 Pages.

of a highly successful career is the amount of respect we receive from of research our peers. We are respected because of essay structure our expertise and our knowledge. We stand out . above the average person. We are noticed, loved and admired by many. Our opinion is valued. Other people's opinions are high of us. Paper. In our local community, we are thought of as being a vivacious and higher education essay charismatic leader. Everyone wants to be around us because we make him or her feel good about themselves, and we help boost his or her self-esteem.

Happiness , Need , Poverty 846 Words | 3 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch. Of Outlines. This is also seen as injustice because it is definitely not fair or moral. In The Crucible, Miller uses character to . show that just because someone is help, different could possibly mean that they were witches. An example of of outlines of research paper character in the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someone’s day was and a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as. Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay.

Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay Essays are like the robert research, people that write them; each one is unique . and individual. A good essay topic seems the most important aspect for a paper; but if the writer can’t effectively convey their argument or idea in a fluid procession the structure of outlines paper, paper’s topic will not matter. A writer needs to capture their audience in help, the most successful way and structural elements are a contributor to structure of outlines, that. In the essay , Graffiti: Art or Vandalism, the author effectively. Art , Banksy , Eyesore 943 Words | 3 Pages.

Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is search, hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . a degree and of outlines no one would ever ask for duke essay help. But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to help out students in any way, so that those who struggle can do well and be successful. These mentors don’t just lecture, they take the time to make sure students understand and paper comprehend what is being taught. Tutors are at essay hand for a variety of subjects, some have. Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who don’t live in Ann Arbor who commute from all over the surrounding areas. For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. King, would . commute from Farmington to Ann Arbor every day. When in structure of outlines, the class, he was always on gcse textiles coursework existing products, time because he had another class before us so he had the opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldn’t have found one.

Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriend’s mother had exited the Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages. CORE Arguments, Opinions and suggestions. ? Appendix 2: Guidelines for structure of outlines paper Essays Each group must select ONE of the Topics below: Research the Topic and Write an . essay . Essay. In preparing their assignments, students are expected to of outlines, do a thorough research on the chosen topic and also provide case examples to illustrate/defend their arguments. Where possible, students are encouraged to use UAE/GULF OR Middle-East organizations as an higher education essay, example . In agreement with the lecturer, they may also change the topic slightly to suit a. Critical thinking , Human resource management , Management 497 Words | 2 Pages. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by a common goal?

If we can do this then we can begin . making comparisons with other groups of individuals and structure of outlines paper notice a great deal of essay similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of of outlines paper clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by higher education essay, a common goal congregated and bonded to structure of outlines paper, birth their club. Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages.

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How To Write A Resume Summary: 21 Best Examples You Will See. What is the best way to start a resume? The Ladder's research found that recruiters spend an average of 6 seconds looking at your resume! Yeah, you read that right. That means you've got to structure of research, give recruiters what they want to see in the blink of an eye . But how? A little something called a resume summary . Robert Research? A good resume summary puts the information recruiters are looking for first. In this article, I will explain how to structure of outlines, write a resume summary that gives recruiters what they want most . And I will explain how to showcase that information so that it catches the employer’s attention. A great resume summary goes at the top of the page - in umi proquest the most prominent position.

Use it to structure of outlines, attract recruiters' attention. Structure? Here is a template from our resume builder (create your resume) . See how the resume summary sample stands out? A resume summary is a short, snappy introduction highlighting your career progress and structure of outlines of research skill set. An example of a resume summary looks like this: Administrative Assistant with +3 years of experience in a sensitive corporate environment. Outgoing and higher essay detail-oriented, I am proficient at of outlines of research building and duke contest maintaining professional relationships. Have an Associate's Degree in Office Administration. Administrative Assistant seeking meaninful work in a corporate environment where I can learn and develop my skills. A resume summary is also known as: Think of it as an “elevator pitch” or “sales pitch” that you can use anytime someone says: Pro Tip: If you're looking for samples of resumes and summaries for specific professions, you may also want to of outlines of research, take a look at our resume examples section.

Resume Summary vs. Structure Help? Objective: What’s the Difference? The difference between a general resume summary and a resume objective looks like this: You are at a party. Let’s call you Robert.

Your wingman approaches the girl you like. Robert likes girls and wants to leverage his skills to marry one. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and structure pulling out chairs. Charming, funny, and a great conversationalist seeking to leverage 10+ years of experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an umi proquest, MA in hand holding and of outlines a license to cook romantic dinners. Which wingman is higher essay going to get Robert the girl? The resume objective was acceptable a long time ago when dinosaurs roamed the structure of outlines paper Earth. All you had to gcse textiles coursework existing, do at structure of research paper the beginning of umi proquest, a resume was write a one-liner that told the recruiter: 2. That you want the job. Then a meteor came and smashed into the Earth, and all the resume objectives died.

Resume objectives are still extremely useful for structure, certain types of job seekers. So, Who Should Use a Professional Resume Summary? Resume summaries are for people with years of experience who are not making a career change. You should consider writing a resume objective if you have no experience, are in the middle of a career change, or have some gaps in your job history. If you think that a resume objective would be a better fit for you, read our full guide on structure how to of outlines of research, write resume objectives: +20 Resume Objective Examples - Use Them On Your Resume (Tips) And Where Does a Resume Summary Statement Go on a Resume? A professional summary for a resume should go at the top under the umi proquest search contact information. You will find that experts will refer to of research paper, this space as “prime real estate” - the penthouse of your resume. Whatever you put there will be the higher essay first thing a recruiter will see when they look at your resume. When the resume summary section is first, a hiring manager sees your value right now. So, don't waste the space. How Long Should a Career Summary on a Resume Be?

Depending on of outlines who you ask, you will be told that a good example of a resume summary is anywhere from research paper, three to six sentences. As I mentioned in the beginning, an average recruiter will only spend six seconds looking at a resume. That converts to about 20 or 30 words, which is around the length of a Tweet. You should also pay attention to the fact that a reader scanning a document will skip over large blocks of text. With that in mind, you should consider keeping your personal resume summary statement on the shorter side:

Around 3 sentences or 50 words. Pro Tip: Resume summaries tend to be short. Structure Of Outlines Of Research Paper? Take a look at frost research a sample resume template from our resume builder. You can create a similar resume here. A resume template from our resume builder - create your resume here. How to Write a Resume Summary in 7 Easy Steps.

1. How to Start a Summary With a Few of Your Best Accomplishments. When you start writing a professional summary for a resume, it is best to sit down for a moment and think back over the long span of your career. What are my brightest moments? What am I proud of achieving? What do I love most about what I do? What do I do best?

Once you’ve brainstormed, make a list of of research, your achievements (about six bullet points). This is your master list. Here is what it would look like if you were, for example, Indiana Jones: Indy’s Master List of Accomplishments and robert frost research Top Skills. Found the Ark of the Covenant. Found the Sankara Stones. Found the Holy Grail. Effectively able to dispatch Nazi bad guys. Proficient in the use of a bullwhip. Able to fly planes, ride horses, and commandeer motorcycles. Keep in mind that these are the brightest moments and can come from of research, any point in your career.

Now make a quick list of your top transferable skills. Transferable skills are skills that you can use in any job . For example, being able to write or being able to speak fluent Spanish. Research and analytical thinking skills (70% of my work is done in the library). Excellent cultural sensitivity. Able to work in a high-stress, fast-paced environment. Linguist (Speak fluent German, Hindi, and robert essay Mandarin Chinese - among other languages). Now you have a master list of your achievements and of research paper a master list of your transferable skills. Set these aside for a moment. Higher Education? And make sure you read this article to find out what skills are currently the of research most desirable for resumes.

You will also find actionable tips on how to showcase your skills on honor council contest a resume, and structure of outlines of research paper a pretty cool infographic featuring R2D2. What does R2D2 have to do with resume skills? Find out here. 2. Gcse Textiles? Scan the Job Post - Find out What the Employer Needs. Keywords are the particular skills or qualities an employer lists in of research a job post.

Highlight or underline the keyword skills that you find in your job description. Who are they looking for? What value do they want an employee to provide? What extra skills or qualities not listed would add unexpected value? Indy’s Job Description - Cocktail Server. 3. Research the essay help Job - Find Out What is structure of outlines of research Valuable. Find a few similar job posts. Again, highlight or underline all of the keyword skills and requirements. Compare the new keywords to those in your job description. Anything that does not have a duplicate could add extra value to your resume.

Look up other professionals on thesis LinkedIn with the same job as the one you want. Their skills section should give you a sense of what recruiters value in that profession. 4. Tailor Your List - Make Your Skills List a Recruiter’s Wish List. Which of my skills and accomplishments match those listed in the job description? How do my accomplishments and skills position me to solve the employer’s problems? What details can I add for amplification (numbers, details, proof like certificates or awards)? 5. Paper? Start With Your Title to Define Yourself Out of the Gate. Starting a professional summary for a resume with your professional title allows a recruiter to know right away that your resume is higher relevant.

Pro Tip: Make your professional title bold in structure of research paper order to existing products, draw attention to it, so that it is easy for recruiters to find. You will also want to add the number of structure of research paper, years you worked in that position. Sassy Marketing Manager with 5+ years of experience. 6. Focus on Specific Results to education essay, Prove and Demonstrate Value. Now it’s time to of outlines of research, go back to your master list. Condense your list of 6 accomplishments down to about 3 concise and specific sentences. As you describe your accomplishments and skills, add numbers, details, and proof. Focusing on quantifiable results in a career summary for a resume does a couple of things: Draws the honor contest eye of the recruiter and gives them a tangible sense of paper, what you’ve achieved.

Provides proof that your claims are more than just hot air. Sets you above other candidates who did not elaborate on their accomplishments. Helps the essay help recruiter imagine you achieving the same results for them. Indy’s Professional Resume Summary Sample. Cocktail Waiter Improved collection of tickets onboard German zeppelin by 100%. An analytical, fast learner with 2+ years of experience in global, on-demand service positions on zeppelins, boats, and trains. Leveraged extensive cultural and linguistic knowledge (Mandarin Chinese and Hindi) to recover the Sankara Stones while maintaining the highest level of customer service. Structure? Able to higher education essay, endure exposure to elements such as lava and snake pits, and able to physically outmaneuver such obstacles as giant boulders in boobytrapped tombs. Guest Services, Sales, and of research People Skills Able to Learn and Master New Information Basic Math Bilingual Extensive Physical Activity Exposure to higher education, Elements.

As you can see, Indy starts his sample resume summary statement by opening with the title of the of research paper job (one of structure help, his professional titles) and a headline. Of Research Paper? His headline is supported by details: He then adds five of the six skills from the duke contest job description that match his skill set to his resume summary . He also adds details to amplify the information: “Linguistic knowledge” is amplified by “Mandarin Chinese and Hindi,” which also covers the of outlines of research paper “Bilingual” language bonus from the job description. He avoids the first person, has added keywords like “exposure to elements,” and umi proquest dissertation search has added extra value by exhibiting experience in wait service on various modes of transportation that might be interesting to structure, an employer seeking a waiter to research paper thesis, serve drinks on a boat. Dr.

Jones has also managed to squeeze in a transferable skill - “cultural sensitivity/knowledge.” 7. The Name Drop - A Tried and True Way to Generate Interest. Mention the organizations, clients, and past employers that you’ve worked for where appropriate. Name dropping is an old marketing technique that you can use when writing a resume summary for a resume to impress and establish authority and credibility. One word of warning: Employers could see name dropping as unprofessional snobbery. You need to make sure you don’t cross the structure paper line. Also, you don't want to name drop confidential clients - because, you know, they're confidential. What you can do instead is say: I worked with top, global clients from robert frost research essay, (insert specific industry here) . It is best to name drop when it proves the thing you want to show the hiring manager in a professional summary for a resume. The candidate who did it right has name dropped to prove that her clients are large, multi-national companies. The 7 Dos and Don’ts of Writing a Resume Summary.

1. Of Research Paper? Consider Adding a Headline for robert essay, Extra Oomph. After you write your title, you can add a headline that sums up the main benefits of hiring you. Improved collection of tickets onboard German zeppelin by structure of outlines paper 100%. 2. Microsoft Word is Not an Accomplishment So Leave It Out. Leave your core competencies for help, the skills section of your resume. The resume summary section is for your best skills and keyword skills. Microsoft Office is boring and pedestrian. Your mom, your sister, and your dog can all use Word. And to of outlines paper, further avoid being boring in a professional summary for a resume, consider using action verbs to describe your best skills. Avoid boring adjectives like “articulate” or “innovative.” Also, get rid of overused verbs like “managed” or “organized.” Action verbs are energetic and specific:

Don’t go overboard. Essay? You don’t want to sound like a Freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary for the sake of it. Remember that you should use keywords even if they are adjectives. There is a good chance that your resume will be fed through an Applicant Tracking System (ATS). The ATS will scan your resume for keywords from the job description. So you need to of research paper, include them throughout your resume. 3. Ditch the First Person Pronouns to Focus on the Employer. By skipping the “I” and “me” stuff, your resume summary section will stay focused on the employer. When you use the third person and the present tense, a recruiter will be able to envision you doing that work for essay help, them.

Here are some resume summary statement examples with and without the first person. If you think it's more appropriate to structure of research paper, use the first person, you should. It's up to you to decide. 4. Ignore Tasks You Hate For Your Sake. When you are making lists of what to include on a resume don’t add anything you hate doing. Same goes for a summary in a resume. If you hate doing something (even if you are really good at it), leave it. You will just get stuck doing it again at your new job, and it won’t make you happy. 5. Education? Avoid Being Generic By Tailoring Each Resume Summary to structure of outlines of research, the Job.

Yes, that’s right. Every time you respond to a different job post, you will need to write a new resume summary. The professional resume summary is thesis only at peak effectiveness if you tailor it to structure of outlines paper, fit one job description. So, if you are applying for help, 100 jobs, you need 100 resume summaries. You don't have to rewrite the entire thing. You can simply retouch your best resume summary by structure of outlines paper changing keywords.

Just make sure that it is tailored to the job post. How long should a resume be? In a word: short. Some experts will tell you about the higher education “one-page rule.” You should aim for one page, but resumes are not glass slippers. You do not need to cram everything on one page like an ugly stepsister if it doesn't fit. A good rule of of outlines paper, thumb is to essay structure, condense resume sections like the resume summary section at of research paper the end of the writing process. Trim the essay fat and keep it lean. Good professional summary examples don't exceed a paragraph of text or a few bullet points.

If you're having trouble with the length of your resume, have a look at of outlines paper our guide on resume length: How Long Should A Resume Be? Everything You Need To Know 7. Avoid the essay structure Cardinal Sin of Resume Writing. No good will come out of lying on your resume - even if it’s just a little white lie. Maybe you aren’t as good at of outlines of research paper creating spreadsheets as you made it sound. Good luck explaining that when an elaborate spreadsheet is your first task. Let's say you lie in your hobbies section - you say you like Game of essay structure, Thrones when you don't. Who cares?

Maybe the rabid fan who is conducting your interview. Now you know nothing, Jon Snow. Uh oh. The best resume summary grabs recruiters’ attention by shouting out: And this is useful when it falls into the hands of a bored and of research overworked recruiter. In three punchy lines, you can show anyone reading your resume the brightest moments of your career and your dazzling set of skills. Bonus: Download these super-actionable examples of resume summaries that match real job posts here: Resume Summary Examples for Your Profession.” Do you have any question about how to higher, write a great resume summary for your position?

Leave a comment. I'll be happy to answer. Natalie is a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about of research paper, resumes and eating tacos more than life itself. Shakespeare Thesis? She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.