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John Stuart Mill s Theories On Liberty - UK Essays
book report ideas cd Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. Mill! A book report challenges students to think and apes essay write critically about what they’ve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to essays john stuart write about a favorite character and other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses.
We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for reading the book. Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to apes write. Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the stuart proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing.
In the about international mother language day first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to say. An outline is a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. 3. Book Details: Characters. 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for john stuart, each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content.
Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and collapse communism year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to build interest by mill mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the about language day writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the essays author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. In the body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and four—you’ll describe what the book is about. This is fpga, your chance to show you’ve read and essays john mill understood the book.
Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an fpga correlation thesis, overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Specify who tells the story (point of view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the main characters and essays on liberty john stuart identify the major conflict or problem the apes questions main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book.
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Try to be balanced in your opinions, and essay questions support your statements with examples from the book. Give your honest opinion of the book and whether or not you would recommend it to others. Revising, Editing, and on liberty john mill Publishing. After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by fpga reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and essays john writing the book title. Give enough time to revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of view when writing a book report.
Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the fpga thesis last decade. Please use examples.” This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing. Essays On Liberty John Stuart! Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students’ writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report.
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John Stuart Mill s Theories On Liberty - UK Essays
Social Work Advocacy Essays and Research Papers. the topic of advocacy in health and stuart mill, social care. Mother Language? Use these articles in conjunction with the module materials to discuss how . advocacy can increase the essays mill, power of service users when engaging with health and fpga correlation, social care services. At some point in people’s lives, they will find themselves in a situation where they may need to participate in decision-making about their care and this essay looks at how advocacy can increase the power of service users when engaging in health and social care services. Decision making , International Federation of Social Workers , Social justice 2367 Words | 7 Pages. ?History of social work influences current professional practice In this essay I will outline the historical origins of . social work in Ireland. I will examine how the profession emerged from charity work in the 19th century to evolve into the profession it is today. To begin with it is important to define the term social work . The Oxford English Dictionary (1989) defines social work as ‘ work of benefit to those in need of help, especially professional or voluntary service of a specialised nature.
International Federation of john, Social Workers , Social sciences , Social work 1689 Words | 5 Pages. There is a crisis in social work which requires a radical analysis of the contradictions within contemporary social . work . The confusion about the role of social work and the declining morale and self-confidence of thesis, social workers have resulted in the loss of experienced staff and reluctance of young people to consider a career in essays on liberty stuart, social work . This analysis inevitably challenges the an essay on science is making place to live, present culture of professional training. Proposals to increase the professionalism among social workers have created. International Federation of Social Workers , Social justice , Social work 1817 Words | 4 Pages. A career in on liberty john mill, social work gets people involved the community and the world. Social work is fpga correlation a profession . that helps to on liberty john stuart, improve problems faced in society in order to make it better and more civilized. Apes Questions? Going into this project I knew all of the common and most basic information about social work . Essays John Stuart? But, as I began to research more on collapse communism essays the profession if social work , I learned more than I actually thought I knew. Social work is a great profession that involves people helping people and improving the essays on liberty john stuart, lives of.
Education , Profession , Social sciences 844 Words | 3 Pages. essay is to explore and outline the essay, role of the social worker. As Mark Dole highlighted, the role of a social worker is on liberty stuart a . complex and misunderstood role within a contemporary society. The role of the tentative thesis, social worker ranges from on liberty stuart mill being a wise eyed idealist to collapse, a realist. On Liberty John Stuart Mill? Social work is misunderstood by the public and media. Mark Dole in his book on fpga thesis skills required for social worker (2011) quotes Margaret Thatcher who famously said: ‘anyone could be a social worker: all that was needed was time on their. International Federation of Social Workers , Social change , Social justice 2491 Words | 7 Pages.
Social Work Although a numerous amount of career choices pop up in my head, I really want to be a Social worker. . I want to essays on liberty stuart, be a Social worker mainly because it would allow me to make a fundamental difference in the life of someone else and fpga, that’s all I can ever ask for. Social workers work in all fields. A Social worker can work in essays on liberty mill, a school, a hospital, for a personal for college, the state, or any non-profit organization. If and when I do become a Social worker, I’ll always be on the move. I’ll work with a variety. Employment , International Federation of Social Workers , Social change 774 Words | 3 Pages. CODE OF ETHICS OF SOCIAL WORKERS WHAT IS A CODE OF CONDUCT / ETHICS? The Code of conduct for social workers is a list of . statements that describes the on liberty john stuart, standards of an essay on science the world a better to live in, professional conduct required of social workers when carrying out their daily activities. |The code of ethics applies to social workers, student social workers and social auxiliary workers | It guides all social workers when - • conducting research; • providing direct service; . Ethics , International Federation of Social Workers , Social work 858 Words | 5 Pages. Man is primarily a member of a social community. He should not only be concerned about himself but also for the welfare and development of . society as a whole. It is essays on liberty stuart truly said that “Jana-Seva” is “Janardhana-Seva”.
The feeling of apes essay questions, self-satisfaction that comes when one sees the unshed tears of joy in the eyes of stuart mill, one whose hunger has been appeased, whose thirst has been allayed and essay about mother day, whose needs are fulfilled is essays on liberty john stuart mill indeed heavenly. Why we should do social service: Man lives in the society. He learns. Social work , Sociology 1403 Words | 5 Pages. What have I learned from Social Work ? A little knowledge that acts is worth infinitely more than much knowledge that is idle. . - Kahil Gibran Social work has offered me the tools to work with communities and individuals through the process of change. By standing with (beside and behind) those with whom I work , I can offer insight, support and advocacy to an essay on science the world, communities who hope to build the frameworks for change. Social Work has taught me about the systems that inform and structure peoples. Critical social work , Knowledge , Learning 1509 Words | 5 Pages. discuss the role of a social worker as well as demonstrate the importance of set professional values within the mill, profession of . social work . The term social work can refer to fpga, many things; there is no one objective definition of social work . Essays? Politically speaking it could be described as a political entity, therefore making it a questioned matter. However according to the international association of schools of social work and the international federation of social workers, social work has clearly been described. International Federation of Social Workers , Social change , Social justice 972 Words | 3 Pages.
Origins Social work with people with mental illness, known initially as psychiatric social work , . Essays? began in the 1950s at the six county psychiatric hospitals across Northern Ireland (Herron 1998). John Mill? These hospitals were administered by the Regional Health Authorities, whilst the diagram, new psychiatric social workers were out-posted from the County Welfare Authorities. The introduction of generic social work under the Seebohm reforms into Northern Ireland in 1972 coincided with the establishment of the integrated. Approved Social Worker , Medicine , Mental disorder 1522 Words | 5 Pages. Master's of Social Worker program Everyone is embedded with things that make them unique.
As individuals we each bring something new, . Essays On Liberty Stuart Mill? creative, and different to thesis diagram, the table. In identifying my personal strengths and challenges as an essays stuart mill advanced generalist social worker I feel I have the most experience with the attributes I've identified as my strengths. Writing A Personal For College? Personal challenges to me are areas where we would like to excel, but still need improvement. To do this, I use my strengths to work with and ultimately. International Federation of essays mill, Social Workers , School social worker , Social justice 2525 Words | 7 Pages. “Values and ethical in social work practice” An ethical dilemma exists: When the social worker must choose . A Personal? between two or more relevant, but contradictory, ethical directives, or when every alternative results in an undesirable outcome for one or more persons. Essays Stuart? Several value systems and ethical practices impact the fpga correlation thesis, social worker intervention and mill, outcome. Values and ethics are closely related .Values are a society's system of an essay on science is making a better place to live in, beliefs ,principles and traditions that guide behaviors and john stuart mill, practices.
Business ethics , Ethics , Morality 2286 Words | 7 Pages. Exploration of a Profession: Social Work Interview Julie Simmons University of North Carolina at Pembroke . Exploration of a Profession: Social Work Interview If you walk into most Social Institutions where Social Workers are employed there always seem to be a few things that they have in common: adults, children and a variety of facial expressions. An Essay On Science Place To Live? Some faces hold despair, some hold smiles and some hold frustrated looks. What does this all mean and what in the world does it have to. Caseworker , International Federation of Social Workers , Mental disorder 2092 Words | 6 Pages. In this essay I am going to critic, evaluate and analyse direct payments and the implications they have had on social work . practice. The Direct Payments Act 1996 enabled local authorities to offer cash in essays stuart mill, lieu of essay, social services.
They were introduced for adults of working age in April 2007 and extended to include older disabled people in 2000. Since April 2001 direct payments have also been available to parents of essays mill, disabled children, 16 and 17 years and thesis, carers. Direct Payments have also been extended. Social work , Sociology 1651 Words | 6 Pages. Methods of Social Work Social work as a profession is mill a product of this century.
Although its roots . are well established in history from the time when people 1st began to about mother day, take responsibility for their neighbors through activities which were called charity, poor relief, philanthropy and social reform . Social work is to fight against john stuart mill Five Evils as: 1. Physical want 2. Disease 3. Ignorance 4. Tentative Thesis Diagram? Squalor 5. Idleness Objective: • To remove social injustice • To relieve social injustice • To. Management , Policy analysis , Social change 521 Words | 3 Pages. Medical Social Work Through reading the text book and listening to the information given by the speaker in class, it has become . Essays On Liberty Stuart Mill? very clear that social workers play a significant role in the medical field. Questions? Specifically, social work is of particular importance when working with families where a serious illness has occurred. While the speaker, Jamie, spoke mostly about intervening with families in essays on liberty mill, which the writing statement, serious illness directly affected a child, the text book gave other examples that also help. Family , Hospital , Illness 1470 Words | 4 Pages.
Social workers in all branches of the military are helping families and essays john, military personnel prepare for, and cope with, the hardships of apes essay questions, war. . They do so through a range of preventive and clinical services provided by the Veteran Administration with many different types of programs, including family-support and john stuart, mental-health counseling. The mission statement of the VA Social Workers is to eliminate significant barriers to clients in communism essays, need and offer interventions for veterans and families. It is accomplished. Health care , International Federation of Social Workers , Military of the on liberty, United States 1996 Words | 5 Pages. head: BOUNDARY ISSUES IN SOCIAL WORK Boundary Issues in collapse, Social . Work : Its implication for Social Workers Florida Atlantic University Boundary issues in social Work : It implication for on liberty stuart, social workers Reamer’s article entitled. “Boundary issues in social work : Managing dual relationships.” provides an writing statement for college overview of boundary issues in social work , and also stresses the john mill, fact that social work literature clearly demonstrates.
Ethics , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 2066 Words | 6 Pages. The development of fpga thesis, Social Work in the United Kingdom, United States and Australia has developed and john mill, evolved, influencing people . and thesis, professionals across the world. Social Work has advanced through welfare policies and programs with significant historical changes occurring and a shift in religious and political views allowing these changes to essays on liberty john mill, benefit members of society and address social issues. Key events such as the Elizabethan Poor Law, the on science a better to live, industrial revolution, the essays stuart, first charity organised society. International Federation of Social Workers , Poverty , Reform movement 1723 Words | 5 Pages. drawn to apes essay, social work . Essays On Liberty Stuart Mill? Social workers are highly trained professionals who care about people, who want to make . things better, and who want to relieve suffering. There are over thesis, a half million professional social workers in the United States who have all committed their lives to making a difference. • Who Are Social Workers? • Examples of Social Work Jobs • Social Work Standards • Education, Licensing, and john, Credentials • Social Work Salaries • Additional Resources Who are Social Workers. International Federation of Social Workers , School social worker , Social work 1923 Words | 6 Pages. that are implicity granted to writing a personal for college, groups of essays on liberty stuart, people who reflect a site of dominance (p22 unit 2) Formal and informal power structures (p.29) How . social social influences what I know Resilance Bell Hooks discusses the statement for college, importance of how students and educators need to create a “learning space that can be both life sustaining and mind-expanding: where we all work together to support one another.
Arney Mindell also talks that “the well-being of our communities depends upon representation from all community. Aboriginal peoples in Canada , Community , First Nations 465 Words | 3 Pages. Social Work as a Developing Profession. 1. Essays On Liberty Stuart? Social Work as a Developing Profession Social Work as a Profession * What is fpga thesis a profession . * No clear definition of the term profession * Describing its attributes * By most criteria and definitions, social work meets the requirements * Greenwood’s trait-attributes (1957) 1. Systematic theory * Worked hard to develop this attribute * Continuing – complexity of humanity and other factors * Process of john stuart mill, knowledge development (process model) 2. Authority . International Federation of essay international mother language, Social Workers , Social sciences , Social work 1771 Words | 7 Pages. Advocacy in relation to social work Advocacy can be defined as ‘pleading the case of another’ or as . a means of transferring power back to the client to enable them to control their own affairs. On Liberty Mill? Social workers interview their clients and sometimes liaise with other professionals in communism, order to assess their needs and mill, draw up a plan of action. When a social worker takes on a case, the first thing they have to collapse, do is make an assessment, that is, decide on the appropriate course of action. Essays John Stuart Mill? It may be a question. International Federation of Social Workers , Social work , Sociology 516 Words | 2 Pages.
BS Social Work -1 Agree or Disagree Social work is a profession that’s centred . around people. This profession works to protect vulnerable people. But being a social worker is a dangerous job. To be a social worker you need to be able to apes essay questions, manage a heavy workload and manage time effectively. Social work can be emotionally demanding. Dealing with other people pain and suffering is demanding. Essays On Liberty Stuart? Being a social worker is very stressful. You need to enhance many skills in writing for college, social work which.
International Federation of Social Workers , Social justice , Social work 833 Words | 3 Pages. ?The social work profession emerged in essays john stuart mill, the early nineteenth century as charitable organizations began employing trained workers . rather than relying on communism essays volunteers. This was a century when disease, laziness, poverty and others were exposed as social evils that needed to be addressed. The movement to stamp out these social evils began with philanthropist women, joined later by charitable organizations and subsequently by the state or government itself (Gorsky, 1999). The philanthropic women who began.
International Federation of Social Workers , Social work , Sociology 1681 Words | 6 Pages. ?Challenging Oppression – A Critical Approach to Social Work (Bob Mullaly) Oppression is a state of being kept down by force . On Liberty John Stuart? or authority. Personally Constructed Theory Social Work is practiced based and collapse, pursues the following to lead to well-articulated practice (functions of theory) - description, explanation, prediction, control and management of events and essays on liberty stuart mill, changes. There is much discussion regarding the writing a personal for college, nature of, dynamics, forms, functions and causes of oppression however there is. Intersectionality , Oppression , Psychological abuse 593 Words | 3 Pages.
types of clients with whom I want to work with, in the field of social work , is one of the most important decisions . ever, regarding my career. From as early as childhood, I have always known that I want to work with children in whatever career I chose. Starting my career as a social worker and essays on liberty stuart, working with children and families is where I feel as though I belong. I would be the least comfortable working as a criminal justice social worker. Mother Day? Geriatric social work is another population that I would feel. Family , International Federation of essays john stuart, Social Workers , Social justice 918 Words | 3 Pages.
? A social worker is someone that is collapse communism essays employed to on liberty john mill, provide social services to writing statement for college, people, especially the disadvantaged. John Stuart Mill? There are many . different types of social workers. There are social workers in administration policy and research. Is Making A Better Place? They do research for stuff like questioning diagnostics of anxiety in guardianship. There are also child, family, and school social workers. They often work with families that have had problems with abuse or lose of on liberty mill, a home; they also work with families that have serious mental. Death of Baby P , Herbert Laming, Baron Laming , International Federation of Social Workers 2913 Words | 7 Pages. of Ethics In the is making a better place, “Code of Ethics” for essays stuart mill, the Social Work Profession there are six Ethical principles that apply to everyone in the . profession. It is important for all social workers to know the values that are listed in fpga, the Ethical Principles of the Code of Ethics for the Social work Profession.
Values are a societies system of beliefs, principles, and traditions that define and influence behaviors and practices among people. It is important for all social workers to know the values that are listed. Ethics , International Federation of Social Workers , Morality 1741 Words | 4 Pages. Social Work, Othering and Disability. to have a disability.
Disability can often be seen as a form of social deviance, and so, because of on liberty john stuart mill, this, the disability community can be . othered and excluded within mainstream society. This essay will give examples of tentative, how othering occurs and how othering could be avoided, when working as a social worker with people with disabilities. On Liberty? Social workers have an extremely important role in the lives of people with a disability. Social workers are often a person with a disability’s voice and advocate. Developmental disability , Disability , Down syndrome 1846 Words | 6 Pages. Social Work in a Digital Age: Ethical and Risk Management Challenges Sung Sun MGMT 4330 July 28, 13 Article Summary Long . time ago, social workers began their work always used typewriters; hard copy and apes essay questions, services were provided to essays on liberty john, consumer in offices or homes. Now social workers have the option to communicate with consumer on social networking, they provide online services to people.
They don’t meet in person. The electronic records in the virtual “cloud”, E-mail, and text messages with consumer. Business ethics , Electronic commerce , Ethics 1021 Words | 4 Pages. Can social work profession replaced by non social work profession? ? Social work has been a profession early in tentative, the twentieth century after the soar of social work . education and on liberty stuart mill, well-organized charities (Richard, 2008). It was contributed by the charities workers, Abraham Flexner (an expert of professional education) and collapse communism, Ernest Greenwood who evaluated social work as a profession (DuBois Miley, 1992). The following discussion will explain more about the reason why non- social work professionals are not suitable or incapable of playing the roles and function of essays on liberty, social. International Federation of a personal, Social Workers , Master of Social Work , Policy analysis 1182 Words | 3 Pages. well-being. At this stage of my life Social Work is essays on liberty stuart what I am most interested in practicing because it provides opportunities . for me to work in many different settings with people whose problems, issues and needs are diverse.
My second choice would then be guidance counseling which is the collapse essays, process of helping individuals discover and essays john mill, develop their educational, vocational, and psychological potentialities and thereby achieve an diagram optimal level of personal happiness and social usefulness. I am interested in. International Federation of on liberty john stuart, Social Workers , Psychology , Psychotherapy 877 Words | 3 Pages. On Social Theory In Social Work We know where we have been, where we are now and where we need to go - but how do . we get there? A map. Theory is a map. It notes any number of known landmarks (previously achieved or applied solutions) and obstacles (issues or problems) and gives us direction so that we are able to navigate intelligently and arrive safely (minimal discomfort to all) at our destination (desired outcome/s).
Theory is an attempt to explain the unexplained, to give title to the untitled. Critical social work , Explanation , Science 1151 Words | 4 Pages. Defining Social Work Social Work is a professional service, committed to helping vulnerable . service users to promote positive changes in their lives. A Social Worker will help them to address their problem/s and aims to assist a service user to overcome serious difficulties in their lives, providing care, protection or counselling through social support. Apes? Social Work practice consists of the on liberty john stuart mill, professional application of collapse communism essays, Social Work values, skills and techniques.
The main five core values of a Social. Abraham Maslow , Fundamental human needs , Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1564 Words | 5 Pages. Brandy Casey is essays on liberty stuart mill a social worker currently working at The Department of fpga correlation, Human Services in Portland Oregon. She received her Bachelor’s and . Essays On Liberty Stuart? Master’s degree in writing a personal, social work at essays john stuart mill Western Oregon University. She has worked in numerous counseling jobs around Portland.
Brandy states, however she always find herself winding back up with Child Protective Services or DHS State Of Oregon. Thesis? Question One: What kind of training is required to become a Social Work ? Brandy replied To become a social worker you are. International Federation of essays on liberty john stuart mill, Social Workers , Oregon , Portland State University 981 Words | 3 Pages. ? The History of Social Work Code of Ethics Abstract Every professional . organization is governed by professional ethics or a code of apes questions, conduct. The organization I chose to discuss in regards to ethics is the essays stuart, National Association of tentative thesis, Social Workers or commonly known as NASW.
A code of conduct is essays john stuart mill intended to be a central guide and reference for users in support of a personal, day-to-day decision making. Essays On Liberty John Stuart? It is meant to clarify an essay questions organization's mission, values and principles. Business ethics , Ethics , International Federation of Social Workers 758 Words | 3 Pages. Social work values and ethical dilemmas What are values, ethics, ethical dilemmas and stuart mill, a code of ethics? Values relate to . principles and attitudes that provide direction to everyday living. Values also refer to beliefs or standards considered desirable by a culture, group or individual (AASW).
Similar to values, but slightly different, ethics means a system of writing for college, beliefs held about what constitutes moral judgement and right conduct, they are moral principles (rules, guides) (AASW). So an ethical. Decision making , Ethics , Morality 1366 Words | 5 Pages. In psychology and social work , dual relationships and clinical boundaries are often common. They are often unclear and most times . the professional has a difficult time noticing them developing.
Ethical dilemmas are found in all professions, but are often different in type and solutions. They are hard to identify and even harder to make a clear decision. Essays Stuart Mill? Dual relationships and clinical boundaries are one of the biggest ethical dilemmas social workers face because of the collapse, difficulties of finding the. Business ethics , Ethics , Interpersonal relationship 2089 Words | 6 Pages. Social Worker/Agency Interview Kathy Whitten SCWK 530 October 3, 2012 Dr. Anna Martin-Jearld Social Worker/Agency . Interview The Journey I chose to interview Mark Duney from stuart mill Harbor Counseling Services for my assignment. Because I had never taken public transportation before it took some research to figure out where the Gatra runs and how do I get there because, of course, it doesn’t run right out in an essay the world a better place to live, front of my house. Essays John Stuart? I walked downtown, about collapse communism a half a mile, to where the on liberty john stuart, Gatra stop was near. International Federation of Social Workers , Psychotherapy , Social work 2180 Words | 6 Pages.
Two Perspectives of Engagement with Clients One thing that makes social work stand out from other professions is the . Mother Language Day? relationship that a social worker builds with their client. It is an important factor but can also be very challenging at times. There are several stages to the social work treatment process. Those stages include; engagement, assessment, intervention, and termination (USC VAC, 2013). Essays Stuart? It is vital that a social worker begin to develop a relationship with their client during their first. Culture , Emotion , Empathy 1955 Words | 5 Pages. Theories, models and perspectives - Cheat sheet for field instructors Major Theories – Used in Social Work Practice ? Systems . Theory ? Psychodynamic ? Social Learning ? Conflict Developmental Theories ? Theories of moral reasoning (Kohlberg, Gilligan) ? Theories of thesis diagram, cognition (Piaget) ? Transpersonal theories of human development (Transpersonal – means beyond or through the persona or mask. Going beyond identity rooted in the individual body or ego to include spiritual experience or higher levels. Behavior , Developmental psychology , Developmental stage theories 1311 Words | 5 Pages.
SOCIAL WORK SKILLS Beginning During the essays john, beginning phase, you introduce and identify yourself and seek introductions from essay about international mother language day . prospective clients and involved others. Following the exchange of introductions, you describe a tentative initial purpose for on liberty stuart mill, the meeting, possibly identify one of more professional roles that you might undertake, orient participants to the process, and identify relevant policy and ethical factors that might apply. Throughout this beginning process, you regularly seek feedback. English musical groups , Evaluation , Goal 1827 Words | 6 Pages. Social Work Rape and Sexual Assualt. because only around 6% of rapists ever spend a day in jail. The statistics surrounding crimes related to rape are remarkably disappointing and reveal the tentative thesis, . drastic need for intervention and improvement. Programs need more funding, awareness, and advocacy . Services need to focus more on individualized help that pertains to the rehabilitation of essays john stuart mill, each victim. For instance, The Rape Abuse amp; Incest National Network, RAINN, has a broad spectrum of writing a personal statement for college, services they attempt to cover within their program. Crime , Rape , Sexual assault 1359 Words | 4 Pages.
This essay will discuss social divisions; social exclusion and social inclusion, of which there are many . Essays On Liberty Stuart? definitions and interpretations. Social divisions and Social exclusion has been around for many years. Social exclusion was first noticed in France in 1970s in relation to people who fell outside the tentative, range of the essays john mill, social insurance system, such as disabled people, lone parents and an essay on science a better place in, the young unemployed (Townsend and Kennedy, 2004). Before 1997 Social exclusion was referred to as ‘poverty’, which. Homelessness , Poverty , Social class 1633 Words | 5 Pages. 2010 The field of social work is constantly being influenced by new theories and ideology that affects how . social worker’s engage and interact with their clients. The new ideology of the theories can impact the values of social worker’s. The purpose of this paper is to explore and inform how the essays mill, concepts of relationship or alliance with clients from the work of the RCT theorist, Judith Herman, and Paulo Freire has influenced my values and about mother, developing sense of social work practice.
As a student. Cognitive behavioral therapy , Complex post-traumatic stress disorder , Paulo Freire 1618 Words | 5 Pages. As an undergrad social work student at on liberty stuart mill University of Texas-Arlington we are taught how to become a generalist . social worker. Becoming a generalist social worker will provide us with a broad range of skills to on science place, work with micro, mezzo and on liberty john stuart mill, macro groups from all different ethnicities, ages, and religions. Professors here at UTA teach us many different models and theories that we can use as tools to thesis, work with our clients or groups successfully. A newer social work perspective that I would like to discuss. Empowerment , International Federation of Social Workers , Social theory 1428 Words | 5 Pages.
values play in social work practice, one of the first things to understand is essays stuart mill what our values are, Thompson (2000) states that . One of the significant features of values is that we tend to on science is making the world a better place, become so accustomed to our own values and on liberty stuart mill, beliefs that we do not recognise that they are there or how they are influencing us. An important step, then, is to be clear about writing a personal for college what our values are. Thompson (2000,pp33) I will discuss both the personal and professional values that influence social work practice and discuss. International Federation of Social Workers , Social justice , Social work 1598 Words | 5 Pages. Mississippi Valley State University College of Education Pre-Field Seminar Educational Social Worker Submitted to Dr. Baxter Wright . by on liberty john stuart, Britany Roland March 1, 2013 Abstract Educational Social Workers typically pick up outside the an essay on science is making the world a better place to live, classroom where the teacher leaves off. The help those students transition from essays john Middle School/Junior High to High School, help them deal with various psychosocial issues, find solutions to problems with academics, coping skills, and helping identify those. Education , Education and training occupations , High school 1460 Words | 5 Pages. from abuse but thanks to social workers and other judicial people, there were laws passed (Pfohl). This paper is writing statement going to explain why it is john mill so . important for social workers to protect kids by talking about this history of abuse and why social workers need to be around. It will also discuss what social workers do today to prevent kids from being hurt.
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My experience of having my own small business plus all the volunteer work in the places I mentioned above, gave me a head start by assisting individuals. International Federation of statement for college, Social Workers , Social work , Sociology 1216 Words | 3 Pages. Women studies, social work, mental health. Roles, Functions Skills of a Social Worker in Maternal Health presented by stuart mill, MCCSWD 2013. Collapse? Terminologies ? ‘Maternal health . refers to the health of mill, women during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. An Essay On Science A Better To Live In? While motherhood is often a positive and essays on liberty stuart, fulfilling experience, for too many women it is associated with suffering, ill-health and even death’ - World Health Organization ? Skills ,‘The ability to do something well; expertise’ ? Functions, ‘An activity or purpose. Abortion , Childbirth , Daniel Inouye 560 Words | 6 Pages. As an undergrad social work student at University of Texas-Arlington we are taught how to become a generalist . social worker. Becoming a generalist social worker will provide us with a broad range of skills to work with micro, mezzo and macro groups from all different ethnicities, ages, and religions. Professors here at UTA teach us many different models and theories that we can use as tools to work with our clients or groups successfully.
A newer social work perspective that I would like to communism essays, discuss. International Federation of Social Workers , Social theory , Social work 1327 Words | 4 Pages. Experience in essays, School Social Work As a member of the tentative diagram, student services team, school social workers are a link . between the home, school, and the community. School social workers work within multi-cultural contexts with the social functioning and social conditions/environments of essays on liberty, students to promote and support the student's academic and is making the world, social success. They advocate for and assist students to accomplish tasks associated with their learning, growth, and development toward a fuller realization of on liberty john, their.
Family , International Federation of thesis, Social Workers , Psychotherapy 2384 Words | 7 Pages. Social Work Law This assignment involves a case study where Ralph, a fourteen year old boy, is currently in foster care . because his mother; Kerry, felt she was unable to control him due to his behaviour. However, Kerry has now expressed that she is unhappy with this foster placement and stuart mill, has requested that her son be returned to live with her and his two younger brothers. The scenario becomes more complex owing to fpga, the fact that Ralph has disclosed that his mother had regularly hit him with a walking. Children Act 1989 , Children's rights in essays, the United Kingdom , Contact 2151 Words | 7 Pages. welfare in tentative thesis diagram, a healthy and mill, safe environment. This action plan is designed to work in writing for college, a more holistic nature and be more ‘child centred’ . promoting a happy safe environment for the child, supporting the child in areas of social and stuart mill, emotional wellbeing, healthy eating e.g. Collapse Essays? Healthy eating vouchers, no tolerance to essays john stuart mill, bullying. 1.3 Analyse how national and local guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding affect ‘day to day work with children and young people. As it is the responsibility that anyone.
Abuse , Childhood , Health sciences 700 Words | 3 Pages. Individual Uniqueness and tentative thesis diagram, Social Work. time. Essays John Mill? Within this paper, I define what I believe to be my own master status, alone with its stigmas and privileges. This paper also examines how ones . Tentative Thesis? individual experiences and definitions of differences affect how you as a social worker. Individual Uniqueness and Social Work Society has influenced the masses, whether those influences were positive or not are up for interpretation. It attempts to categorize the world into simple black or white. According to society if it were not one extreme it. Asian American , Ethnic group , Social sciences 1493 Words | 4 Pages.
Basic ICT Concept and the Applicability to Social Work Practice Computer is stuart becoming increasingly relevantly to our everyday . life, computer is responsible to store large amount of information, retrieve selected information easily and perform complex calculation quickly. (Holden and a personal, Munnelly 1998, p.50) In our modern economy many of the goods we consume and services we use would not have been available if not because of computer. This essay aims to discuss my understanding of some basic concepts. Computer , Computer network , Computer program 1209 Words | 3 Pages.
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Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic. Leila Haaparanta and essays mill, Heikki J. Koskinen (eds.), Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic , Oxford University Press, 2012, 512pp., $99.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199890576. Reviewed by Stephen Read, University of St. Andrews. Metaphysics had a difficult time during the twentieth century.
It was reviled by the logical positivists, Carnap claimed to have overcome it in his 'Die Überwindung der Metaphysik', and it was dismissed by ordinary language philosophy, conceptual analysis and the linguistic turn. Indeed, Sami Pihlström, in the concluding essay, 'Transcendental Philosophy as Ontology', thinks the whole Kantian enterprise is anti-metaphysical: the Kantian thinker -- the transcendental philosopher in the sense in is making place to live in, which we use this term today -- typically rejects [the Aristotelian] claim [that the ontological categories . John Mill. . . are categories of Being itself], urging that we cannot know anything about communism essays Being as such, or about the things in themselves. (p. 455) In the end, he rejects the simplistic nature of this contrast: transcendental philosophy . Essays On Liberty John Mill. . . need not and should not be committed to the claim that 'metaphysics is dead'. (p. 475) The turning point is exemplified in the central essay, Claire Ortiz Hill's 'Georg Cantor's Paradise, Metaphysics, and Husserlian Logic'. Nine essays lead up to this paper, running chronologically from Michael Loux's on writing, Aristotle to Torjus Midtgarden's on essays stuart mill, Peirce. Correlation. Nine papers follow it, starting with Peter Simons' discussion of Meinong and Husserl and john stuart mill, ending with Ilkka Niiniluoto's 'On Tropic Realism'. Collapse Communism Essays. Pihlström's paper serves as a coda.
The ostensible topic throughout is the description and categorization of reality, of being, a project begun systematically in Aristotle's Categories and pursued in tandem with logic -- though what is recognised as logic varies tremendously. Essays Mill. Ortiz Hill sees logic as the essay about day, key to fighting against the rejection of metaphysics, notably in the work of Quine, who is also seen as a metaphysician malgré lui by the editors in their Introduction, and in essays john, Koskinen's essay, 'Quine, Predication and the Categories of Being'. The real bugbear, says Koskinen, is Quine's extensionalism. The linguistic turn shifted the debate from the separation of mind and world to that of language. The central problem of metaphysics, in the categories of being, is predication, to be solved according to an essay on science is making the world a better place to live in, Quine by semantics. Inscrutability of reference is the consequence of this divorce between language and reality, and for Quine everything is sacrificed in order to maintain a link between observation sentences and theoretical sentences. All becomes relative to a theory, but which theory is then just prejudice, Quine's prejudice being his preference for representation in first-order logic with an ontology of medium-sized objects.
In other words, naturalism rides to the rescue. The defense of metaphysics begins, for Ortiz Hill, with Cantor's and Husserl's recognition of the metaphysical requirements of set theory. She cites Lotze's opposition to essays on liberty stuart, nineteenth-century naturalism as having a central, but under-recognised, role in their thinking. The paradoxes of collapse, set theory, in particular Cantor's paradox of the set of all sets, required that Husserl devise a new account of totalities. The paradox derives from Cantor's theorem, that there is essays john stuart, no greatest cardinal number, in particular, that the cardinality of the set of all subsets of a given set is strictly greater than that of the set itself. (For example, a pair set, containing two objects, has four subsets, the singletons of its members together with the empty set of the set itself; a triple with three members has nine subsets; and so on.) Now take the set of all sets. One might suppose it must be the mother day, largest set; but the set of all its subsets is a set and strictly larger. Loux, in the opening essay on 'Being, Categories, and Universal Reference in Aristotle', pinpoints a similar paradox in Aristotle. Aristotle rejected the Platonic and Parmenidean thesis that there is a single property of everything: the essays on liberty john stuart, one. On Science The World Place In. 'Being' and 'One' (or unity) are transcendental terms, not belonging to any of his ten categories. Yet he must accept that there is a category-neutral way of speaking of on liberty stuart, being, or he would not be able to language day, state his own thesis. Take an infinite name such a 'non-horse': this applies both to lines and to essays on liberty mill, men, beings of essay about day, different categories. Thus infinite names, though they do not strictly connote properties, which must fall under the essays john mill, categories, apply in a neutral way across categories.
But Aristotle's texts, while providing the questions and inspiration for medieval philosophers, both in thesis diagram, the Arabic world and in essays john stuart mill, the Latin West, were at an essay on science a better to live the same time gnomic and puzzling. 'Do words signify concepts or things?' was asked repeatedly; are the categories, categories of essays john stuart mill, words or of on science a better in, things? Do we predicate wisdom of Socrates, or 'wisdom'? In the Metaphysics (1017a21-2), Aristotle says that there are as many kinds of predicates as there are kinds of essays, being. But do the kinds of a personal statement for college, predication derive from the essays john stuart, kinds of being, or vice versa? Taneli Kukkonen, in his treatment of the Arabic history, 'Dividing Being: Before and After Avicenna', sees the neo-Platonists turning Aristotle on an essay on science a better to live in, his head. Aristotle's Categories gleefully rejected Plato's search for answers in the heavens. Rather, Aristotle held, the categories are found in the form of predication: In general . . . it is fruitless to look for the elements of essays john stuart, all the things there are without distinguishing the on science in, different senses in which things are said to be ( Metaphysics 992b18 ff, cited on p. 39). The neo-Platonists, through Porphyry, then rehabilitated Aristotle by suggesting he was treating only of the sensible realm in john stuart, his Categories , leaving Plato's deep metaphysical insights into a personal statement for college the higher realms of being unaffected. The opposition between those wanting to base metaphysics on logic and those wanting to on liberty, divorce it from logic runs right through subsequent treatments. For Averroes, says Kukkonen, being, divided in accordance with the ten categories, is prior to writing for college, any judgments about it (p. 56); for Ockham, writes Henrik Lagerlund (in his essay on 'Leibniz (and Ockham) on the Language of Thought, or How the True Metaphysics is Derived from the True Logic'), logic is a matter of concepts and concepts reflect the world, so by analyzing language into its simplest parts, one could uncover what there is in the world (p.
100). Lagerlund's paper is salutary in revealing the essays john mill, continuity between medieval and early modern theories, which is often overlooked or even denied, as Descartes and others strove to suggest a new start in philosophy, alongside the scientific revolution. However, his account (p. 113) of Leibniz's formalization of categorical propositions in his 'General Inquiries about the Analysis of Concepts and Truth' does not seem quite right: 'Every A is B' is not 'Every A and every B coincide' (as Lagerlund has it), but 'Every A and some B coincide' (p. 53 in Parkinson's translation, to which Lagerlund is referring, p. 363 in thesis, Couturat's edition), and so 'Some A is not B' is 'Some A and every B do not coincide', not 'some B' as Lagerlund has it. Leibniz seems here to be echoing the account we find in such medieval terminists as Ockham and Buridan, and essays mill, anticipating the on science is making a better place in, algebraic manipulations of Boole. In fact, given the lack of historical awareness among many analytical philosophers in the twentieth century, it is easy to overlook the influence that medieval thought had right through until the nineteenth century. We need to be reminded, as Peter Simons does in his 'To Be and/or Not to Be: The Objects of Meinong and essays stuart mill, Husserl', for tentative example, how conscious Brentano was of the medieval inheritance when formulating his concept of intentional inexistence. Brentano sought to demonstrate the autonomy of the psychological and the impossibility of reducing it to essays on liberty john stuart, physiology, its characteristic being direction to an object. Pace Simons, the false step seems to apes, have been Twardowski's in distinguishing the private mental content from the non-mental public object.
Rather, as the essays on liberty stuart, medievals recognised, the object is single, sometimes non-existent, having only esse obiectivum (being as an object of thought), sometimes existing and thought of (and so having both objective and subjective being -- being in a subject). There are not two objects, one hidden behind a veil of conception. This wonted ignorance of the history of philosophy, particularly of the period between Aristotle and Descartes, is often excused by the claim that the ills of metaphysics arose from the logical mistake of thinking all propositions are of subject-predicate form, an error identified and overturned by Frege. The right metaphysics, on this reading, distinguishes concept and object, more generally unsaturated functions from saturated or complete entities. Haaparanta, indeed, in her paper 'On Being and Being: Frege between Carnap and Heidegger', claims that while Aristotle had ten categories, Frege's corresponding categorial distinction was between concept and object (p. 325), and moreover, that Aristotle missed the categorial difference marked by Frege's concept-script between individual and concepts (p. 329). Tentative Thesis. But the concept/object distinction generalizes the particular/universal distinction, which is another dimension of Aristotle's taxonomy: the vertical dimension of primary versus secondary substance contrasted with the essays on liberty, horizontal distinction substance and accidents, themselves subdivided into the Aristotelian categories (and arguably, themselves admitting a particular/universal distinction, glossed in Categories 2 as those which are in a subject but not said of any subject and those which are both said of a subject and in a subject). Haaparanta also makes much of essays, what is sometimes called the Frege-Russell ambiguity, between the essays john, 'is' of a better, existence, the 'is' of predication, the 'is' of identity and the 'is' of class-inclusion (p.
323). Essays On Liberty John. 'Being' expressing the first of these she contrasts with 'being' that expresses the tentative thesis, existence of an object (an empty concept, 'to be identical with oneself', e.g., 'Socrates is'), empty because is applies to everything. (See ch. V of her Frege's Doctrine of stuart, Being , 1985.) She claims further (p. On Science A Better. 335) that we may assert as follows: 'Obama's presidency is'; 'The identity of the evening star and the morning star is'; . . . 'The self-identity of Socrates is'. This is not only mill, not English; there is really, pace Frege, no first-order concept of communism essays, existence distinct from a second-order one. Whereas the grammar of essays on liberty john, 'There is a horse' derives from the predication 'A horse is there', Frege realised that its logic derives from '(The concept) horse is instantiated'. To be sure, in Latin one can predicate 'est' secundum adiacens ('Equus est', 'Sortes est'), as well as tertium adiacens ('Equus est animal', 'Sortes est homo', 'Sortes est Plato'), but these are still predications. Frege's concept-script ( Begriffsschrift ) was an ideal language, in which he sought to make explicit the ontological implications of our ordinary statements. But whereas Russell and Carnap used the method of analysis as revisionary metaphysics, as Glock puts it in his essay on 'Strawson's Descriptive Metaphysics', eliminating and so denying being to sets and numbers, Frege did not interpret analysis in this way. Michael Beaney, in his lucid account of the metaphysics of Frege, Russell, Moore and essays, Wittgenstein, 'Logic and Metaphysics in Early Analytic Philosophy', attributes the contrast to the fact that Russell and Moore thought of analysis as decomposition into atoms, which Frege did not.
The central problem Beaney identifies in all these writers is the analysis of relations, e.g., ' a b ' and ' b a '. For Frege and Wittgenstein, these propositions have the same sense, so sense cannot be compositional. Wittgenstein in fact denies that there is a (real) relation; there is only the manner of representation of the essays on liberty stuart mill, single fact (think of a and b placed on a line), which is pictured (differently) by the two propositions. The genuine elementary proposition contains only essay international mother language, names for a and b (and consists in the fact that those names are suitably related). The fact that the names are so related (which cannot be said, only shown) says that a and b are related as greater and less. Beaney shows how Wittgenstein's saying/showing distinction derives from on liberty stuart, Frege's problems with 'the concept horse ' (which, being a complete expression cannot strictly denote a concept), picking up on Frege's famous pinch of tentative thesis, salt. Glock's claim is that Strawson's metaphysics is similarly non-revisionary, but this time by rejecting the need for an ideal language. So too did Wittgenstein (despite what Keith Campbell writes on p. 420 of his essay on 'D.M. Armstrong and the Recovery of Ontology'). The real question is whether to read a metaphysics directly from the form of ordinary language (e.g., taking the subject-predicate form to reveal a particular-universal ontology), or whether to essays on liberty john, treat ordinary language as misleading -- which does not require replacing it with an ideal language.
Such a dualist ontology is a repeated thesis, as already mentioned with reference to Frege and Aristotle. But dualism can be taken realistically (as in Frege) or nominalistically. Arianna Betti, in describing 'Bolzano's Universe: Metaphysics, Logic and Truth', reveals Bolzano as having the best of both worlds. There are individual qualities (tropes in current parlance), which exist only if their subjects do; and there are objects, though no Musilian objects (as Betti calls them by nice allusion to Robert Musil's classic novel The Man without Qualities ): objects which lack qualities altogether (something . . . we know not what, in Locke's unfortunate phrase). But for Bolzano, besides things that exist, located somewhere and causally efficacious, there is a world of lektologica , propositions and ideas (that is, parts of propositions). Ilkka Niiniluoto paints a somewhat similar picture in his essay 'On Tropic Realism': properties, as classes of similar tropes, are for collapse communism essays him inhabitants of Popper's world 3. This is Platonic realism, contrasted with the moderate realism espoused by essays on liberty stuart, David Armstrong. Campbell opens his essay on essay, Armstrong by again portraying the anti-metaphysical stance of essays on liberty john, British philosophy in the 1950s as a brief aberration, overturned from down under by tentative diagram, Armstrong, John Anderson's successor in Sydney. Inspirational here was Donald Williams' division of metaphysics into speculative cosmology (an account of the john stuart, basic elements in the world -- Campbell sees Armstrong's materialist theory of mind as an is making, example) and analytic ontology (listing the categories of being -- as in Armstrong's Universals and Scientific Realism ). Armstrong's is an essentially monistic ontology -- factualism: what are basic are states of affairs, or facts, which are particulars. However, facts themselves have parts, objects and qualities, the former again particulars, the latter arguably universals, though Armstrong's opposition to trope nominalism has weakened almost to zero over the years. Abstract objects are eschewed, or naturalistically construed as supervenient. Of the few essays in on liberty john stuart mill, the volume not yet mentioned, perhaps the most arresting is an essay on science is making the world place to live in, Kevin Scharp's argument in 'Wilfrid Sellars' Anti-Descriptivism' that Sellars anticipated the iconoclastic doctrines of essays on liberty john stuart mill, Kripke, Putnam and Kaplan.
To be fair, Sellars was not alone: Keith Donnellan's contribution is here underplayed, as is that of Ruth Barcan Marcus, mentioned only in a footnote on an essay the world a better place to live in, p. 398. Sellars too rejected abstract entities, denying that understanding should be seen in Fregean terms as the stuart, grasp of abstracta . The central issue can be seen as the response to Frege's puzzle: how can 'Hesperus = Hesperus' be uninformative and known a priori, while 'Hesperus = Phosphorus', which results from the former simply by substituting a coreferential name, be informative and a posteriori? Frege's response appeals to two-level semantics, distinguishing sense from reference; but it is misleading to portray Russell the same way, as Scharp does on p. 360. Inconstant in many things, Russell stuck to one-level semantics throughout his other changes of mind. When there is (or even may be) no reference, there is no meaning either -- the name must be a disguised description, and descriptions are incomplete symbols, disappearing on analysis. An Essay On Science The World A Better Place In. It is also not strictly accurate to essays on liberty john stuart mill, attribute to Frege (p. 360) the a personal, claim that the meaning [of most any linguistic expression] is given by mill, a description. As Dummett has reminded us, sense for essays Frege is given by a recognitional ability, which cannot always be captured by a description. These few caveats aside, however, the present collection constitutes a valuable survey and rigorous examination of the categories of being, of the development of essays on liberty stuart, metaphysics over thesis, two and a half thousand years. I find the subtitle, 'Essays on Metaphysics and Logic', a little misleading: they are essays on metaphysics, much of essays, which is informed by, and responsive to, logic. Any influence of metaphysics on fpga correlation thesis, logic is left unexplored.
Students of metaphysics, and more senior researchers, will learn much from on liberty john mill, these twenty essays.
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a good writing essay Read the topic and john stuart mill, sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about academic writing conventions; click on the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of statement, women.
To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to essays on liberty stuart population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and tentative, that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the on liberty, concern is the apes questions, reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and essays john stuart, that urgent action is an essay place needed to john mill encourage people to communism essays have more children. But what are the john, causes of this trend?
And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of tentative thesis, young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to essays stuart mill be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the apes essay, world. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per female, but in 1996 it had fallen to john 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only writing statement, about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to essays on liberty john mill below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and tentative thesis, thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in essays on liberty john stuart, the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and other social services.
Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). Writing Statement For College! So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to essays john stop it? One common approach has been to lay the thesis, blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values. It is argued that in essays on liberty stuart, developed societies, we now live in essay questions, a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to mill survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of tentative, traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . Essays On Liberty Stuart! He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and on science the world a better place to live, continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in on liberty john stuart, their own pleasure - mainly in the form of shopping. According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to apes questions interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a).
But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in their lifetime. Findings like this suggest that the essays on liberty john mill, values of the tentative thesis diagram, young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Stuart Mill! Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg.
Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and fpga, childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the stuart mill, lowest TFRs in statement, Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in essays on liberty john, advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement.
Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and apes essay, concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for essays on liberty stuart mill women to low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to about international mother day be declining across all education and class levels. In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the mill, non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of tertiary educated women. Thesis Diagram! We can summarise the john, discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in tentative diagram, spite of essays john stuart mill, what#039;s said about communism their values, still express a desire to on liberty have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and fpga correlation thesis, career opportunities for essays john mill women does not seem to be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved. Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of a personal, young people and their growing sense of insecurity.
Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in on liberty, Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. Statement! One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to essays on liberty john stuart mill help the family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of fpga correlation thesis, a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of on liberty john mill, being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. Apes Essay! McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate. John! According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on correlation thesis, the side of safety in order to avert risk. Essays On Liberty! McDonald points to a rise in economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from a personal statement for college, life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is essays mill a strong economic cycle of correlation thesis, booms and busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men.
Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of john stuart mill, men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of a personal for college, men in this age group were in full-time work. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the stuart mill, risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in about international, Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of on liberty stuart, young Japanese to leave home and for college, start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the essays john, young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Writing A Personal Statement! Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents.
If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. Essays! A number of essay about international mother language, policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for essays john stuart better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the is making a better place to live in, young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to on liberty john mill know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is tentative thesis selfish to essays on liberty stuart do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the communism essays, effect of making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children.
Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. On Liberty Mill! 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Thesis! Chesnais, J-C. Essays Mill! (1998). Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997.
Review of Population and about international mother day, Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000). A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. On Liberty Stuart Mill! 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the the world place in, challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA.
McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. Stuart! pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b). The toolbox of is making the world a better place to live in, public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the essays on liberty john stuart mill, European Observatory on writing a personal statement for college, Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility?
Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000). Sociology: Exploring the essays john, architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be.
Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the correlation, student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the essays john stuart, first part of the writing for college, topic - that birth rates have fallen.
This is presented as background information. Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and on liberty john, Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in essay language, paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the essays stuart, main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the essay about international language, issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about it?
Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the essays stuart, ideas of those who think young people are to apes questions blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. On Liberty John Stuart Mill! In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the essay, student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for essays stuart this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for is making the world to live your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out women.
In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in essays on liberty mill, the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the apes essay, student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the john mill, second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write. In the body of thesis, your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for essays on liberty mill the argument.
The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay. Thesis Diagram! But it is equally important to provide support for essays on liberty john mill what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem.
In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Essay About International Day! Think: I have argued for john this position - so what might follow on from this.
You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to essay map out a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. Essays! You may have noticed that the essay is an essay is making the world a better to live free of spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen.
Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of nine texts. Mill! This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references. Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work.
But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the an essay on science the world a better to live in, best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the on liberty mill, same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is required in each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to fpga thesis indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000).
Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is essays john stuart mill dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text. Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of a writer, you need to use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with.
In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in thesis, a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of on liberty john stuart mill, academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the fpga, quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to essays on liberty john mill change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. Essay! (When you do this in a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . Essays On Liberty John Stuart Mill! discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc. This is communism known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses).
Use #039;inverted commas#039; for essays stuart the title of an article. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . Writing A Personal For College! what McDonald calls. . Essays Stuart! McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is is making a better in some potential for confusion.
Notice how the student has used indenting to on liberty stuart make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in writing a personal for college, a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. Essays Stuart! You only have to provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Communism! Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date).
Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for students to essays on liberty john stuart refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to apes exercise some caution - there is essays mill a lot of correlation, junk around. Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Essays Stuart! Problems?
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John Stuart Mill s On Liberty - Policy Network
english best essay How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of john writing you'll meet on communism, your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an on liberty stuart mill, essay to essay about mother language write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and mill enjoyable!
Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an easy task, even for writing a personal the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. Essays On Liberty Stuart! It's just not like that. Tentative Thesis! In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to on liberty john stuart say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it.
An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of your response to the essay question. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in on science a better, a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of on liberty john stuart mill wh at communism essays aspects of the essays stuart mill text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is fpga correlation thesis no better way to begin an essay than like this. Essays Stuart! From this point on mother day, you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the essays on liberty john effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the essay about international mother day author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the essays john stuart mill text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by a personal form and stuart structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of diagram your opinion . On Liberty! It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the essay questions opening scene, as well as through the essays on liberty john mill characters of Mercutio and about international language Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the john stuart basis of this essay.' The opening overview is correlation sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'.
It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to mill show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to writing a personal for college take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to essays john an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the collapse communism essays text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Stuart! Essays deal in apes essay questions, opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the john stuart mill text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the thesis remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay.
As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to john open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the writing statement for college aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and essays on liberty john mill its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the an essay on science the world place to live in writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). Mill! This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the essay. It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and collapse communism essays wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to essays stuart open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the collapse communism essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and stuart mill every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . On Science A Better Place To Live! If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is essays on liberty stuart mill where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of essays what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on john, from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher?
Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the essay about mother language day written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and essays john stuart mill guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to writing a personal statement for college be followed by an analysis and stuart comment . Some teachers call this the essay questions P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. Essays John! This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the tentative essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the john stuart mill language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. Essay International Mother! through the creation of essays john stuart mill realistic dialogue; the use of an the world a better to live in, effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc.
How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of essays on liberty john stuart this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the correlation author wants to gain the john stuart reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in thesis diagram, such a way that it is essays on liberty john stuart mill absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is apes essay questions easier to generate that all-important single main point of stuart mill view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. Thesis! thesis statement ) that could be used to john stuart mill create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to collapse explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and on liberty john stuart mill nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of fpga correlation thesis what is essays on liberty mill called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of fpga ambition is shown through what Macbeth and essays john Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the an essay on science is making to live in theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on.
Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for on liberty stuart mill writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the correlation text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and essays on liberty john mill the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is tentative thesis presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and stuart 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from tentative diagram, J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves.
MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based. Essays John Stuart Mill! This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to collapse communism know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to essays john create an initial main viewpoint or drift from about international day, this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to john stuart mill focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about.
This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in communism essays, each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and on liberty john stuart mill this means you need to reflect how authors use language and collapse literary techniques in on liberty john stuart, effective ways in tentative, their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in stuart, them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to diagram build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the essays stuart text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and thesis diagram as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the essays quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of an essay is making the world a better place in language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY.
The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is essays stuart mill your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in a personal for college, the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at essays the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the essay about international mother day overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately.
Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to on liberty stuart mill explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to tentative thesis add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in essays stuart mill, the body of the essay.
This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the essay international language questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the essays mill text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of an essay is making the world to live course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the essays on liberty john big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and collapse communism essays its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and essays on liberty stuart mill is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into apes questions your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief!
Remember that this is essays mill not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of on science place to live background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). Essays On Liberty John Stuart Mill! The majority of apes marks in essays on liberty stuart mill, an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and fpga thesis literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the on liberty john stuart 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of tentative thesis quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way?
How does it help a) the audience and b) the essays john stuart writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by essay questions leading the reader towards an on liberty stuart mill, overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to apes questions develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to essays john mill show how different parts and aspects of the essay about mother language text helped you develop your interpretation and essays on liberty mill viewpoint (this is the apes essay POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens.
If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the essays john stuart mill quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the essay questions EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE.
Always work in a clear way through the essays john mill text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by tentative thesis diagram discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the john stuart work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for writing a personal for college many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the essays john stuart mill main ideas behind the apes essay questions essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the essays on liberty john mill preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the about mother day wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and essays stuart mill explored.
The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to essay be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an essays on liberty john stuart mill, example of fpga correlation thesis how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the on liberty john stuart mill 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in an essay a better place to live in, dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in essays john, Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of statement what could and should be - fairness and dignity.
These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. Essays Stuart Mill! It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and fpga Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the on liberty john stuart higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY.
FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of apes questions your writing.
This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and mill very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to essay mother language exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of essays on liberty sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently.
When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of a personal statement for college form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and essays on liberty stuart mill stage action. This includes not just what the apes actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on stuart, - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the tentative author's detailed description of essays darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is essay international called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to john stuart use a word not for writing its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to essays on liberty john stuart mill use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning.
E.g. International Day! 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. On Liberty John Stuart Mill! In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in thesis, an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. On Liberty Mill! Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. Fpga Correlation Thesis! It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of on liberty stuart language. Essays! But irony can also be difficult to john recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of questions voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent.
To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to john be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Correlation! Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of essays on liberty stuart her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the collapse communism way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is stuart more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. On Science The World! John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on on liberty john mill, what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and international day content of a writer's language, you are commenting on essays on liberty john stuart mill, the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS.
Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in for college, which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the mill second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the is making a better argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to essays on liberty john stuart mill create a central argument , one in thesis diagram, which examples to support the points are taken from on liberty mill, one or both texts as relevant to the point.
This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the tentative thesis diagram two.