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Ethical Dilemmas Case Studies - ICAEW com

Ethical business case studies

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What are business ethics? - Business Case Studies

building an essay All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. Ethical Case Studies? Leadership, Teambuilding, and Communication. A successful team is linked to the effectiveness of academic writing, teamwork, leadership and communication (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Communication is a fundamental element of effective leadership and a prerequisite for the success of any organization. Successful leaders are able to mobilize teams through proper communication channels and healthy environments to create positive outcomes. Case? An effective form of leadership requires extensive communication by management with employees. Team building is intended to best essay improve the performance a team and ethical studies involves activities meant to academic writing tips papers promote communication and encourage cooperation.

The success or failure of any organization is studies, dependent upon paying writing its ability to effectively function as a team. Effective leadership cites teambuilding as one the most effective tools a strategic leader should have (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Ethical Case? This essay focuses on PepsiCo Inc, which is an American multinational food and beverage corporation. The performance of the company is subject to its “purpose” agenda which has four components. That is, Performance, Human, Environmental and Talent Sustainability (PepsiCo, 2013). Tips Papers? Leadership Styles and ethical business case Their Impact on Organizational Performance. Effective team leaders have long-term perspectives on goals as well as innovative ways of achieving them. Environmental Law Essays? Team leaders learn from experience and focus on goals or objectives of their teams despite adverse condition. For instance, a production line team leader at PepsiCo inspires his subordinates to stretch and fulfill the organizational mission.

PepsiCo invests in case, its associates to develop their talent and leadership skills to achieve success (PepsiCo, 2013). At PepsiCo, team leaders bridge their teams and the rest of the company, including top management. They not only link the team’s goals to those of higher management, but also share information, status updates and feedback. PepsiCo production line team leaders help individuals build their group process and interpersonal skills. There are three predominant leadership styles with many variations. These include democratic leadership, autocratic leadership and laissez-faire leadership (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Autocratic style of paying essay companies, leadership is both directive and controlling. Business Studies? The leader is the sole decision maker and will also dictate employee roles.

This type of leadership inhibits creativity since employees are alienated from decision making process. Autocratic leadership style may be good when managing organizations with less experienced employees. Democratic leadership style focuses on employee participation in theme, the decision-making process. The decision making process is by consensus and consultation. This style leads to business case studies empowerment of employees because it makes them responsible for the decisions made by the management (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Academic Tips Research? PepsiCo employs this style since employees share their perspective in daily operation of the company. It is also effective because the PepsiCo has highly skilled and experienced employees. Democracy is instrumental in resolving team conflicts.

Laissez-Faire style of leadership makes employees responsible for most of the decisions that are made under minimal supervision. This form of leadership is effective in an environment where employees are skilled, knowledgeable and self-motivated. Employees must have a personal drive to achieve goals. Laissez-Faire leadership is not effective where employees feel insecure as a result of their team leader’s inability to ethical business case carry out their own work. Other styles of leadership are transformational and transactional. Academic Writing Research? Transformational leadership is characterized by business studies, leaders who have a clear vision and communicate it effectively to best paying writing companies others. Transactional leadership style is characterized by centralized control over ethical business case employees. Research work indicates that the most effective leadership style is a hybrid of styles. Organizational Stressors and Management.

Mild stress gives people motivation and stimulation for a personal growth. However, extreme amounts of essays in public places, stress impact negatively on our behavior, health and performance. Individual or organizational performance can be disrupted even by low levels of ethical studies, stress. Job performance is adversely affected by greater levels of stress people encounter on best essay writing companies the job. Stressed workers tend to be prone to accidents, have weakened relationship, closed minded and reduced life expectancy (Hackman Johnson, 2009).

Stress adversely affects the physical and mental health of employees. Job stress also affects employees’ contribution to the efficiency and effectiveness of organizations. Stress stems from so many different factors and conditions. Case Studies? Stressors are factors that cause stress in any set up. Broadly, there are three forms of stressors: social, physical and psychological.

Physical stressors are external factors including noise, radiation, extreme temperatures, pollutants and chemicals (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Social stressors in an organization are induced and are as a result of interaction of people with their environment. These include disharmony between team members, demotion, change of residence and increased financial responsibilities without prior consent. Psychological stressors are extreme emotions brought on by social and physical stressors. These include fear, internal dialogue, frustration, hate, worry, inferiority feelings, jealousy and feeling of not being appreciated at smoking in public places, work.

Academic research indicates that team leaders show more physical and business psychological stress symptoms than senior managers. This is subject factors such as work overload, deadlines and time pressures. Some sources of stress in an organizational role include role conflict and role ambiguity. Lack of clear definition of science, goals and job descriptions generates stress. Other role stressors include lack of support from the management and lack of participation in decision making. Poor interpersonal relationship with superiors, colleagues and ethical business studies subordinates also generates stress. Best Paying? Group cohesion and social support are extremely beneficial in overcoming such sources or stress (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Poor career development is also a stressor in the sense that, employees get frustrated and stressed when they feel stagnated in a level of their career. PepsiCo has established proper career development mechanisms to eliminate uncertainty and stress (PepsiCo, 2013). Other sources of stress include life strains, social change, line staff conflicts, absence of helping relations and cooperation, technological change, lack of effective consultation, relocation and little opportunity for development. Poor leadership is generally considered as a source of stress due to unpredictability and erosion of the business case subordinates’ self esteem.

Stress can be managed through individual or organizational coping strategies. Button To Thesis Theme? PepsiCo encourages positive attitudes and ethical business involve its workers in regular and regulated physical exercises. Computer Science Help? Other individual level techniques encouraged by PepsiCo include relaxation, networking and behavioral self-control. Activities such as team building, swimming and playing out door games combat stress through its side effects such as diversion, relaxation and enhanced self esteem. Studies in social psychology indicate that people immensely benefit from social support.

Close associations between team members helps them get through stressful situations (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Since stress can lead to unpredictable behavior which tends to lower performance and turnover, it is therefore extremely valuable for an organization to make tangible efforts to reduce or prevent job stress. One of the strategies is emotional climate control. This involves creating an ethical case studies environment of esteem and regard to employees. Employees should also be allowed to participate in decision making. PepsiCo provides a supportive organizational climate. The company strives to reduce conflict through clearly defined organizational goals. Production line team leaders ensure that their teams are not overloaded. Employee roles are also clearly defined in job descriptions to eliminate role conflict and role ambiguity. Smoking Places? PepsiCo is characterized by effective communication flow which improves performance and quality of ethical business studies, work.

Its human resource department has established programs for prevention of job stress in areas like personnel selection, job design, the organizational structure and climate, placement and training (PepsiCo, 2013). Critical Elements for Effective Group and Work Team Performance. Teams are an integral part of daily operations of any organization. Places? Teamwork is a set of inter-related activities done by ethical case, more than one person in order to achieve a common objective. Teams may be created to deliver a one-time project or work together on an ongoing process. PepsiCo embraced team approach to bring a diverse set of skills and essays in public places perspectives into play. Team work is pivotal in reducing non-productive hours, consequently increasing productivity and ensures maximum utilization of human resource. This is the key reason why PepsiCo promotes teamwork in the workplace. Team development has been broken into five phases: form, storm, norm, perform and ethical adjourn.

To develop effective teams at PepsiCo, there has to be effective leadership in paying writing, place. Each employee#8217;s ideas must be considered in the forming stage as valuable. Members must also try to understand their own roles, the roles of the other team members and ethical case studies their purpose in the group. Conflicts should also be addressed by facilitators in the storming stage of paying essay writing companies, team development. For effective and productive teams, it is advisable to review ground rules, revisit the purpose and related administrative matters of the team. Performing teams are highly effective, problem-solving units that can obtain solutions quickly. One of the critical elements of an effective team is ethical case studies, a common understanding. Every member of an effective team accepts the purpose of the computer dissertation help team, its goals and objectives. Team members with diverse perspectives are immensely valuable.

Effective teams are composed of members from various levels in the organization. Effective teams are more strategically aware and share a vision. Ethical Business Studies? They are also able to perform under minimal supervision from their team leader. Effective teams focus on writing papers over-achieving goals, and the team makes most of the decisions against criteria agreed with the business case leader. Computer Dissertation Help? Effective teams are also pro-active and ethical case studies not necessarily wait for environmental law essays, direction from management. Team members demonstrate loyalty to ethical case studies their group, and respect individual dissension and academic writing tips research disagreement (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Team work has an advantage of the workload getting distributed amongst all the team members. People working with a team tend to learn things at a faster rate based on experiences and knowledge of the older team members.

The overall work speed increases with many people handling a single project. Continuous interaction with the team members helps in building a bond of friendship and unity between each other. Teamwork also improves individual performance which is ethical business case, linked to job satisfaction and motivation. Potential Sources of Conflict within the identifying thesis statements Group or Work Team. Conflict is generally defined as disagreement or struggle between two or more people or groups (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Conflicts faced in organizations stems from a variety of case, sources.

These include time pressures, communication breakdowns, ambiguous roles, competition for scarce resources, personality clashes, unreasonable standards or rules and thesis statements practice unrealized expectations. When employees hold grudges, they lose energy and focus that could have been directed to productive organizational endeavors. Destructive criticism creates unnecessary conflict (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Negative feedback often angers the involved parties. Team leaders are encouraged to use constructive criticism to improve team members’ performance. Since organizations never have unlimited resources such as personnel and ethical business case equipment, conflicts over the distribution of environmental law essays, those resources emerge. This can be managed through expansion of scarce resources to enable all team leaders achieve common goals.

The most common way to resolve conflict between individuals, teams or even the entire company is to negotiate a solution that is acceptable to all the affected parties. This process is known as bargaining (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Conflict can also be resolved by a third party intervention. This is highly applicable where attempts at a negotiating a solution between parties with conflicting interest deadlock. A third party intervention can also be referred to as mediation.

Another form of third party intervention is known as arbitration. Arbitrators have the power to impose terms of an case agreement (LaFasto Larson, 2001). Impact of environmental law essays, Communication Barriers on the Group and Work-Team Performance. Communication is a process of conveying some understanding or information from one party to another (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Communication is the ethical case studies life line of any entity. Thesis Practice? Effective communication upholds the spirit teamwork and understanding between management and employees. It is therefore vital for an organization to lay down good channels of communication to keep the integrity of its formal structure. Communication is also instrumental in case of conflict management within any entity (Hackman Johnson, 2009). All organizations have a hierarchical line of ethical, authority through which messages flow. Statements? Ineffective communication in an organization leads to a large number of managerial problems. Consequently, the performance and productivity of teams falls.

Poorly conveyed information from team leaders may lead to ethical case conflicts which have an adverse effect on the morale of subordinates. Demoralized teams are likely to underperform which reduces productivity. Barriers of communication are difficulties or obstacles that come in academic, the process of communication. They may be psychological, mechanical, physical, linguistic or cultural in nature. Mechanical and external barriers are defects in the devices used for communication.

These include absence of communication facilities, defective telephone and cross talks. Physical barriers include traffic, mood variation, noise environmental stress, ill health and ignorance about the medium. Psychological barriers are those based on the fact that there is a variation on how humans think or reason. These include self image, prejudgment, assumption, generalization, group identification and poor communication skills (LaFasto Larson, 2001). For instance, a worker with ill-health is most likely to case have his ability to best paying communicate reduced to inadequate energy. Poor communication skills prevent the sender in encoding his messages properly and to attract listeners. These skills can be improved through suitable training. Counseling can be used to business overcome the problem of closed mindset which arises as a result of narrow interest and intellectual background (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Lack of clarity and precision while communicating can be overcome by conveying proper information to the team members. A team leader must develop interpersonal relations and essays in public places learn to be a good listener. As a team leader, one must listen without prejudice before any feedback is given out.

A good team leader must translate the directive into a language that is appropriate to the context in which his subordinates understand avoiding the risk of poor communication. Business Case Studies? Sometimes laziness or lack of urgency in transmitting messages either upward or downward becomes a barrier in effective communication in an organization (Hackman Johnson, 2009). Timely communication achieves healthy cooperation and coordination in any entity. Subordinates should also be given reasonable time for adjustment in scenarios where messages conveyed have a bearing on their working conditions. For example, when a team leader announces changes in shift, order or place that is relevant to them. Members of best essay writing, a team require ample time to understand messages sent to them. It is ethical, inappropriate for a team leader to force changes on best companies the subordinates before they adjust with such changes. Case Studies? Other ways of overcoming barriers of communication within the PepsiCo include feedback of information, use of proper language and conveying information through action and deeds. Leadership can significantly affect an add facebook button entity, by either determining its success in a market or by studies, defining the organizational culture.

Strong, ethical leadership is very crucial in any business climate. In spite of the existence of various leadership styles, successful leaders are seen to shape their management practices to suit employee needs. Good leadership is identifying thesis, characterized by having a vision and implementing it to ethical business a reality. Team building is an extremely essential aspect of successful business. Law Essays? Teams are effective when they have a team leader who is able to help see them through some of the more difficult stages of the ethical business case studies team-building process. Essays In Public Places? Communication is highly instrumental in motivating employees since it gives expression to ideas and thoughts. Effective communication improves performance.

Regular feedbacks help reduce barriers in ethical business, communication. Hackman, M. Z., Johnson, C. E. (2009). Leadership: A Communication Perspective (Fifth ed.). Long Grove, Illinois: Waveland Press,Inc. LaFasto, F. M., Larson, C. (2001).

When Teams Work Best. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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Ethical Dilemmas Case Studies - ICAEW com

resume on qtp 3+ years of extensive experience in a field of manual and automation testing methodologies. Involved in Manual Testing of Product, Web based Application, Database testing and good knowledge in SQL. Exposure in Automation testing tools Selenium J-meter. Understand and analyze Business, Functional, Technical and ethical case studies, UI (User Interface) requirements of the project/release. Well acquainted with the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) of applications. Experienced in developing Test Plans, Test-Case Designs, Test Scripting based on law essays, user specifications and Systems specification documents, Validating and trouble shooting of various applications, preparing Bug report. Capability to apply practical skills to manage and execute automated and black-box tests and to ethical case studies evaluate needs for software designing and validations. Able to study and learn new technologies and concepts rapidly to execute them. Excellent analytical, decision-making, problem solving and supervision skills with the ability to organize activities in fast speedy team environment.

Ability to perform effectively and help, efficiently in team and individually. Excellent troubleshooting skills with the ability to business case studies isolate issues through group discussions, testing recommendations. Has Domain Knowledge of Banking Trade Finance, MIS and Social networking. Oracle 8, 9i, 10g. SQL Server 2000 and 2005. DB compare Tools.

Automation Testing Tools. Selenium IDE, Selenium RC, Junit. Defect Tracking Tools. PROMIS is a complete Project Portfolio Management (PPM) solution designed to capture, display, report on, and resolve the complex interrelationships organizations tackle when planning and executing major initiatives. PROMIS addresses the needs of all project and environmental, corporate stakeholders —team members, project managers, portfolio managers, and executives — for current and accurate information on the status of all projects. It delivers the real-time reporting that keeps distributed projects on track. Examine Business functional necessity documents and business studies, recognized test scenarios. Participated in implementing test-plans and test-cases built based on SRS and BRD documents. Writing Test scripts and functions wherever necessary for various units of the business modules. Broadly done manual testing, constraints verification testing, and the functional testing.

Cooperated and performed with development group to resolve the difficulties came across in a test execution. Involved in audit meetings and got an academic writing research papers initiative to reach QA testing goals. Contributed in business case regular status meetings to state any bugs, problems and add facebook like button theme, risks. Effective coordination between development team and testing team. Creation, enhancing and execution of test scripts using selenium IDE and Selenium RC (Java). Organization : Nihilent Technologies Ltd. Evaluated Business and Systems Requirement documents. Execution of Test cases and Preparation of Defect Report. Used Jira to track executions against plan throughout testing and ethical case studies, handle faults from start to resolution. Documented and communed test results. The project aim for computer dissertation help, eliminate the manual process for running Africa Risk Grade and introduce automation.

The countries involved in ethical business case the process are Namibia, Nigeria and all Bandmasters countries. During End of Day on MOD head office server, a batch will be kicked off that will execute the Africa Risk Grade Automation process on the Africa Risk Grade server through all the identifying thesis practice, required countries. To achieve this, a batch has been created to be part of the EOD process on MOD. This procedure must in case turn go on executing different procedures and smoking places, commands in the required sequence. As a Test analyst, involved in reviewing FSS, TSS and to identify and raise concerns over omitted or conflicting business requirements.

Involved in configuration , setting up test environment and Database comparison. Preparation of Test Case design and Test Cases. Quality assurance of business case studies business requirements specifications. Execution of Test cases and Preparation of Defect Report. Check the bugs assigned to developers and paying, close the bugs which are fixed. Assistance with user acceptance testing. Preparation of Test Case design and Test Cases. Performed test cases throughout the integration and studies, the regression environments.

Shared test faults and best companies, outcomes to the project managers and ethical business studies, the application developers. Saved project documentations in Microsoft Excel spreadsheet layout like requirement tagging document and requirement traceability matrix. Offered daily project condition to writing companies the project managers and the testing managers. Used J-Meter to identify performance result for varying load and time. Identified scenarios for automation. Preparation and customization for prepared scripts using QTP. Running and compiling automated test results. Organization : Nihilent Technologies Ltd.

Preparation of Test Case design and Test Cases. Shared test faults and outcomes to the project managers and the application developers. Recording Test scripts for automation. Enhancing the scripts and running the regression test suite. Reporting for the failed scenarios. Involved in ethical business studies deployment of updated built to testing environment. Identified scenarios for load and stress testing. Identify Load distribution on frequency priority of academic tips research papers operations. Data analysis Report preparation.

Organization : Nihilent Technologies Ltd. Reviewed System requirement or change request document. Preparation of Test Scenarios and Test Cases. Performed testing throughout the regression environments. Offered daily testing status report to the project managers and the testing managers.

Identified scenarios for ethical business case studies, automation. Preparation and customization for prepared scripts. Running and compiling automated test results. Master of Computer Application (MCA) Rajiv Gandhi Technical University, Bhopal, (M.P.) Lakshmi Narain College of Technology, Bhopal, (M.P.) Mayank Bansal Mob. No : +91 9623441540. O Knowledge of Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and essays smoking places, Testing Life Cycle (STLC).

O Developed and maintained Test Scenarios, Test Cases, Defect Tracking and Reporting for Manual Testing. O Well versed with Black-Box Testing, System Testing, Integration Testing, Module Testing, Acceptance Testing and Regression Testing methodologies. O Good Exposure in business case using Defect Tracking and requirements management tool. O Strong Analytical skills, excellent communication and ability to communicate with all levels of management. O Quick learner, excellent team player and have the ability to meet the tight deadlines.

O Experienced in working with people from essays smoking, diverse cultures and ethnic backgrounds and leading from the front in achieving the ethical business case studies, given objectives. O .Net Technology Skills : Preliminary knowledge of C#, Asp.Net. O Database and Query Languages : MS-SQL Server 2005. O Productivity Tools : MS Office 2007, Visual Source Safe, Visual Studio 2008, SVN, TFS. O Test Management Tools : Basic knowledge of QC. Present Company: Infosys Technologies Ltd. Paying Essay Writing Companies! - working since 23th June, 2008 as Sr.Software / Test engineer. Sr.Test EngineerTeam Member. Jan 2009 – till date. O Analyze the functional requirements and ethical, creating test cases. O Creation of test data using database scripts for test execution.

O Developed windows based tool named IDD for science dissertation help, Automating the business case, parsing of the XML’s receive from the source system. O Work closely with the IVVT team, to help deliver high quality deliverables. This involved extensive communication to determine the resolution of the gaps identified in the functional requirements. O Conducting test cases and Defect tracker reviews on release basis for the team members. O Track the closure of the bugs and status reporting of the team on regular basis. O Been involved in taking several KT (Knowledge Transfer) sessions and document learning’s from the essays places, project for new team members. Ipulse(Account Management System) Internal Infy Release.

Test EngineerTeam Member. November 2008 – August 2009. O Analysis of user requirements and business case studies, identifying scenarios based on business requirements functional specifications. O Preparing scenario matrix and Writing Test Cases. O GUI, Functional and Regression Testing. O Responsible for Daily reporting to the stakeholders through verbal communication as well as through Daily Status Report. O Root Cause Analysis of the rejected defects and preparation of Lessons learnt document. O Knowledge Management anchor for project and computer help, mentoring the case studies, new members in add facebook theme the team and training them with domain knowledge and software testing processes. O Won the award for Best Project in Nov 2009, for the excellent performance of the team and delivering a 0 Defect project of high complexity. O Always been the business case, brilliant performer throughout the career in Infosys with overall CGP of 4.78 on scale of 5.0. O Received continuous Appreciation for add facebook like theme, showing excellent sense of responsibility and ethical case, sincerity.

O Member of academic writing tips research Infosys Cricket Team. YEAR OF PASSING. INSTITUTE / SCHOOL (UNIVERSITY / BOARD) Jaypee Institute Of Information Technology University, Noida, U.P. Electronics and Comm. VivekAnand School, Anand Vihar, Delhi (C.B.S.E). VivekAnand School, Anand Vihar, Delhi (C.B.S.E). O Participated in logo making for Infosys Cricket Team. O Won Inter Jaypee Skit competition twice during Jive 05-06.

O Twice Won College cricket tournament under my captaincy. (2005 and 2008). O Nationality : Indian. O Passport : Yes. DEVENDRA KUMAR DEWANGAN Present Address : Flat-1, Gurudat Apt, Krishna Nagar, Rahatani, Pune. · Currently working as a technical associate in case Tech Mahindra, Pune, India. · Involved in GUI Testing, System Integration, End to computer science End, Functional, System, Regression and Smoke Testing. · Involved in ethical business case order management and computer science help, provisioning and Billing system using various application of ATT.

· Hands-on in ethical estimation, preparation of research papers test case and review of the same, Test Case execution, Test results reporting, Training and Knowledge Transition Sessions for team members. · Delivered defect free projects to different clients. Received appreciation emails from top Clients as well as from the internal account. · Worked in white box (using VB 6.0 Technology) testing. · Very good in multitasking. Ethical Business Studies! Fast learner and eager to learn more in management. · Worked on software change and environmental, configuration management tool Borland Star team.

Good working experience in studies Server side testing using database Benthic Golden. · Motivated achiever who guides team in essays smoking in public applying estimates and thoughts to business settings, provides added value, and ethical business, creates project deliverables in a timely manner. · Delivered zero residual defect projects to various clients. Got appreciation email from one of the essays smoking in public places, top Client’s lead as well as from the business case studies, internal account. · Good experience in identifying thesis Ambiguity Analysis. · Executed and led testing projects (Manual Testing).

· Involved in Designing test scenarios and test cases based on ethical business studies, SRS. · Exposed to all stages of testing life cycle and Defect life cycle with agile methodology. · Good verbal written communication skills, clarity of thought leadership skill. Technical Associate (Jan’11- Current) § Responsible for analyzing System requirement, Business requirement, Application design documents, application interface design documents and high level design documents and prepare the estimation reports. § Responsible for creating test cases based on the all the identifying statements, requirement documents and maintain the requirement traceability matrix. § Responsible for peer review and formal review for created test cases. § Responsible for business studies, entering the entire defect in defect tracking tool and add facebook to thesis theme, update the case studies, status with developer coordination. § Managing Defects resolution based on identifying thesis statements, team/developer comments. § Working with the teams to formalize and introduce the best and most appropriate testing / QA strategies across the team.

§ Ensuring that regression plans get updated regularly.Responsible for creating and managing back end test cases based on the application interface design. Company: Tech Mahindra, India, Pune (Jan’11 - Current) Environment : .Net, Microsoft Windows XP/7, UNIX. Tools : Quality center 10.0. Database : SQL Server 2008. Duration : 2 months. Project Details : Worked in End to End testing using different application of business ATT. Worked in environmental Base application for ethical case, account, agreement profile creation, Phoenix for order management and provisioning.

Testing all the application with proper flow management system. Using this product user can select various bundles like wireless or wireline. Combine bill is identifying thesis statements practice, generated for single order. Based on the bundle selection need to check various applications for end to end flow is working properly or not. Environment : .Net, Microsoft Windows XP/7, UNIX. Tools : Quality center 10.0, PRISM, ReqPro, QTP. Database : SQL Server 2008. Duration : March 2011 to till date. Project Details : Currently working in OSS PACE Telecom product of case ATT which is academic writing tips research, totally based on ethical, Meridian proliace system. Add Facebook Like Theme! Program administration and control for the enterprise (PACE) is the business case studies, project management, scheduling, system support, template management, resource management, Cost Budget control, Milestone Tracking, Program management and best paying writing, reporting tool.

It has many interfaces which vary based on the release in this product. Due to many interfaces System integration Testing End to End Testing is the main area of work in this product. Business Case! Most of the interface are FTP based so data flows from to PACE via FTP. Thesis Practice! It is common sourcing model which broadly used for managing the construction and engineering for cell site and towers. Using this Product ATT is going to manage all type of resources including human. This product has two main workspaces Mobility Wireline. PACE has 1 National Template, 5 regional template and 28 markets template which includes all the ethical business studies, state country of statements practice East, Southeast, Midwest, Northwest Southwest region of US. Company: Mphasis as HP Company ,India, Pune (Jan’07 - Jan’11) 1) Project Name : Payroll Update for Client: EHRO (Reynolds, Teco, AEP, Amex etc.) Environment : Microsoft Windows XP.

Domain : Payroll (PeopleSoft) Defined Benefits (US Pension Plan Administration) Payroll Update - The purpose of the ethical business, Periodic Update is to smoking populate Pension Calculator database with current data for active and terminated employees. We get flat data file which describes how each data element in the system is to ethical case be updated, and lists the reports produced by the Periodic Update. 2) Project Name : Data Load for Client: EHRO (SCJ, Nestle, Toyota etc.) Environment : Microsoft Windows XP. Domain : Healthcare Defined Benefits (US Pension Plan Administration) Data Load - It is all about loading and /or updating the statements practice, database of the business, PC3 system using source input file depending upon instructions given for the particular screen/Screens.

We generally get a raw data file which is to be processed and validated as per the business logic. The data is loaded on the screens depending on the instructions provided for each individual screen. The major steps involved in academic papers data load are - 1. Get the input data file (flat file). 2. Process and ethical business case, validate the file to find out any possible errors / warnings and rejects. 3. Depending upon the business logic load the data from the writing companies, file in the respective screens.

Environment : Microsoft Windows XP. Domain : Banking Finance. PC2 to PC3 Conversion – It is the enhancement of the older version (PC2 application) which was built in SAX Basic and ethical case studies, MS Access. The existing code is to be converted from SAX Basic to Visual Basic keeping in mind the limits of PC2 and like, PC3 functionality. Also, conversion of MS Access database to Oracle 9i. The basic steps involved in ethical case conversion were – 2. Environmental Law Essays! Scramble the database for Testing.

3. Design the GUI through XML. 4. Ethical Case Studies! Test the converted code. Environment : Microsoft Windows XP. Domain : Payroll (PeopleSoft) Defined Benefits (US Pension Plan Administration) Valuation Extract - The Valuation Extract process creates sequential data files to be used by law essays, the Retirement team for the actuarial valuation. Data is extracted from the ethical case studies, TransCanada Pension Calculator databases and science, placed in active, inactive, or exit file based on ethical case studies, the employee’s status as of the Extract Date. · Analysis of the add facebook theme, requirements provided by studies, the clients. · Preparation of Test ambiguities.

· Identifying the test scenarios. · Test Case preparation and review of the same. · Test Environment set up and Test Data Creation. · Test Case execution. · Test Status and paying essay writing companies, Reporting. · Defect logging, tracking and management using internal Quality Central. · Training and Knowledge Transition Sessions for ethical case studies, team members. O Received MphasiS Spot Award in September 2008, for delivering the complex project with aggressive deadlines. O Key role in add facebook to thesis theme Project Documentation (Template/Checklists/Standards/Trackers) O Enthusiastic involvement in the Team building and extracurricular activities. O Received numerous appreciations from client’s manager and EDS management for handling complex requirements.

§ Database: Oracle, MS Access, SQL server 2008. § Tools: Quality center 10.0, QTP 10.0, PRISM, ReqPro, XML Spy, Star Team, Benthic Software, Beyond Compare, Crystal Reports. § Operating System: Microsoft Windows XP/Windows7, Unix. § Basic knowledge of business studies C, C++,HTML, ETL Tools. Father’s Name : Shri Dayali Ram Dewangan. Date of Birth : 24-09-1983.

Permanent Address : S/O Dayali Ram Dewangan, Shankar Nagar Moti Chowk Durg (C.G.) Marital Status : Married. Languages Known : English, Hindi. Strength : Very fast learner and good in multitasking. Always open for new challenges, Good Team player and a good. Motivator for other team members. Consistency, dedication and environmental, determination to get the ethical business, work done.

Area of interest : Watching and playing cricket, Watching Movies. Passport Number : G5383004. PAN Number : AKUPD9520E. (DEVENDRA DEWANGAN) Place: Associate has to 45 months of experience in Automation Testing and law essays, 2 months in performance testing. As part of ethical case his assignments, he has been in Requirement Analysis, Application Maintenance, Functional Studies, Quality Reviews and Testing. He has worked on projects for smoking in public, clients Credit Suisse. o 47 months of Industry experience in case working with CMMI level-5 organization on Insurance and Banking Domains. o Hands on Experience on essay companies, Load Runner 8.5. o Extensively worked on test automation tool Quick Test Professional 9.2,9.5,10.0.

o Proficient in Automation Testing of Client Server, Web applications using QTP. o Developed Automation frameworks for the projects. o Active participant of Credit Suisse Prime Services team and undergone KT and given refined solutions on automation frame work. o Worked in various modules in Credit Suisse, shows ability to work in different type’s applications like Mamba, Prime Margin and ACE. o Strong understanding and ethical case studies, working knowledge of best Test Life Cycle (TLC) and Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). o Hands on experience in end-to-end system testing of complex business systems, which involve integration of multiple applications. o Diversified Experience in Functional testing, Integration testing, System testing and Regression testing using QTP. o Ability to write concise and accurate Defect reports in Test Management tools and its reproducible steps.

o Managed all system produced defect by ethical case, ensuring that all reported test incidents were appropriately owned, tracked and addressed, using Lotus Notes and Squids(an in house Test management Tool) o A valuable team player with good inter-personnel and excellent communication skills. o Self-driven with ability to handle wide range of best essay writing tasks. o Proven ability to work as a team player as well as an individual. o Good interpersonal skills, committed, result oriented, hard working with a Quest and zeal to learn new technologies and undertake challenging tasks. Education and ethical case, Certifications. Degree with Branch College/University Year of Passing. Bachelor of Technology in Computer Science. Hardware / Platforms Windows 98/XP/2000/2003. Databases SQL Server. Scripting Languages JavaScript, HTML. Version Control Systems MS Visual Source Safe (VSS),Tortoise.

• E1 – First level of Health Care Domain Conducted by Syntel Inc Ltd year 2008. • Cognizant Certified Professional in HP QTP. • Brain bench certification in VB Script. • Brain Bench certification in Presentation Skills. • Brain Bench certification in Time Management. • Brain Bench certification in Business Communication. • Brain Bench certification in Interpersonal Communication. • Rational Functional Tool certified by IBM Year 2009. Awards and Recognition. • “Excellence Corner” from Cognizant Automation COE for Q3 and Q4 2010. Mobile No.

9049988464 Vnet : 207408. Software Analyst Programmer. Aug 2007 –Oct 2009. Cognizant Technology Solutions (C T S) Nov 2009- till date. Organization: Cognizant Technology Solutions. Operating System Windows XP. Tools Quick Test Professional 10.0. Role Team Member – Automation Tester. Period Nov 2009 – till date.

To automate the essays places, application modules by identifying the proper framework and to automate the business case studies, application to increase the efficiency of in public places automation testing and deliver scripts to ethical business case QA teams for Regression/Sanity testing. The Prime Services division risks market share loss and revenue degradation without an onshore, risk-based financing solution. Prime Services has partnered with legal, compliance, and shared services colleagues to develop an innovative solution offering fully collateralized, onshore stock lending through a US-based broker-dealer. #61692; Deciding upon thesis, the scope of automation, study of the case, Manual Test cases, identification of the steps that can can not be automated. #61692; Design of the Automation framework. #61692; Effort estimation for the development phase and report submission. #61692; Identification of the dependencies and the risks. #61692; Development of scripts using QTP. #61692; Review and add facebook like to thesis, Execution of the scripts. #61692; Coding (involves policy rule coding, sequence flow, status flow, and dictionary entries).

#61692; Analyzing the existing manual regression test suit. #61692; Framework Identification and business case studies, creation framework as per application. #61692; Preparing Test Data, Executing Test Cases. #61692; Presenting demo to clients. #61692; Ensuring deliveries on time. #61692; Worked on different applications like Mamba, Prime Margin, ACE Batch Automation as per like to thesis theme, the requirements shows the ability in working on different applications. Client Humana Inc. Louisville, KY, USA. Project Type Manual and Automation testing for different modules in health care. Operating System Windows XP, Windows 2000.

Role Automation Tester. Period October2007 – October 2009 (25 Months) Testing all the modules in health care and automate the test cases for applications, execute test cases and raise defects and follow the business case studies, defect life cycle in academic tips research papers every regression cycle. Humana Inc. is one of the Largest Health Care Insurance Company in USA with total revenue of approximately more $ 45 billion. It provides Insurance to mainly Groups customers belonging to those groups.

Providers provide services to all customers of Humana Humana pays for those services. These services include Medical, Dental and Vision. Role and Responsibilities. #61692; Developing, Maintaining and Executing automation scripts on QTP for Customer Care Portal, Premium Billing system and Spending Account Administration Modules. #61692; Preparation of Automation flow documents, Effort Estimation. #61692; Reviewing QTP Scripts and Test cases.

#61692; Ensuring deliveries on time. #61692; Giving solutions to business case studies the automation scripting related problems. #61692; Assigning work to the team members. #61692; Preparation of business documents presentations for Knowledge transition. #61692; Tracking defects and preparing precise defect reports for management. #61692; Types of essays smoking in public testing involved Regression Testing, Smoke and Integration Testing.

#61692; Responsible for QTP Scripting for two modules in the project. • Automated all the business processes for Premium Billing Systems, which could save approx. 70% time in testing the test cases. • By completing E1 certification, I broadened up my domain knowledge spectrum. • Like without being imparted any training in ethical CCP (Customer Care Portal), I learnt it on my own and have grown to a level where I am giving training to environmental people on CCP. • Improved the quality of the scripts by ethical business studies, maintaining and implementing new methods in thesis scripting.

• Ensured that all the tasks I complete are of the topmost quality and got appreciation mails. Client Hospital Corporation of ethical business case America. Project Type Performance Testing for like button, HCA application. Operating System Windows XP, Windows 2000. Tools Load Runner. Role Performance Tester. Analyzing SMART application to determine the responsiveness, throughput, reliability, and/or scalability of a system under a given workload. To provide information related to the speed, scalability, and case, stability of a product prior to research papers production release, thus enabling to informed decisions about whether, where and ethical business case studies, when to dissertation tune the system. HCA (Hospital Corporation of America) Team defined a prototype called SMART (Supply Management and Resource Tracking System) through which one can create a manual PO (Purchase Order) and ethical studies, send to the corresponding vendor. Role and Responsibilities. #61692; Gathering new requirements for business scenarios.

#61692; Preparing and enhancing the script using some user defined functions and writing research papers, some coding standards. #61692; Designing workload scenario and Execution of the ethical case studies, script in Controller. #61692; Analyzing and documenting execution results. DEVANAND B. GUJAR. Cybage Softwares Pvt. Ltd, Pune (India). Identifying Thesis Statements! Mobile: +91 – 9096312188. ? 2 Years + of total experience in Software Testing with IT Life Cycle Management domain. ? Well versed with Scrum Methodology and its implementation.

? Exposure to Performance, security and business case studies, automation testing and paying essay, open to multiple role in Software Testing. ? Experienced with automation testing tools HP-LoadRunner/VSTS-2010 and would like to welcome an opportunity to work with any new automation testing tool. ? Experienced in case writing, reviewing and best paying writing, executing Test cases based on Business Requirements and Technical Specifications. ? Capable to work independently, Quick learner and target oriented. ? Proficient in all aspects of web engineering and ethical case, seeking to leverage an extensive background in quality assurance.

? Cybage Software’s Pvt. Ltd. Computer Dissertation! Pune (India) Quality Assurance Engineer, 7-SEP-09 to till date. Project Details: - Client Name: Symantec Corporation Project Name: Symantec Management Platform 7X. The Symantec Management Platform project belongs to IT Life Cycle Management domain and provides a set of ethical business services that IT-related solutions can leverage. Solutions plug into the platform and take advantage of the add facebook like button, platform services, such as security, reporting, communications, package deployment, and Configuration Management Database (CMDB) data. Because solutions share the ethical business case, same platform, they can share platform services as well as data. Shared data is more useful than data that is only available to a single solution. Thesis! For example, data collected by business studies, one solution about the software installed on company computers is used by another solution to help you manage software licenses.

A third solution can also use this data to help you update software. This close integration of dissertation help solutions and the platform makes it easier for you to use the different solutions because they work in a common environment and are administered through a common interface. The platform provides the ethical studies, services like Role-based security, Client communications and management, Event triggered and law essays, scheduled task and policy execution , File deployment and installation, Reporting, Centralized management through a single, common interface Configuration Management Database (CMDB). · Currently working on performance testing of case studies client server application using VSTS-2010, Perfmon · Performed security testing of the computer science dissertation, application against SQL injection, XSS attack encryption. · Performed manual testing of the application GUI with regard to layout, usability and case, boundary.

· Involved in environmental law essays testing the new functionalities based on test cases. · Coordinated with development team in tracking, prioritizing and business case studies, fixing the issues. · Involved in developing QA metrics and test reports for defects on daily, weekly and module basis. · Performed smoke testing on new builds of application. · Created and maintained an up-to-date QA testing lab. · Test environment creation which includes the following activities; Installation, deployment of products and. Software's and configuration management of test environment on various Operating systems. ? JAN-2010 a Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) from EC-COUNCIL. Essays In Public Places! Training attended at Net-conclave Systems (Security Consultant Maharashtra Police). ? AUG-2009 a Post-Graduate Diploma in business Advance Computing from Sunbeam institute of Information Technology, under C-DAC, ACTS, Pune.

? MAR-2008 a B.E. in Information Technology from like button, Govt. College of Engineering,Amravati (Amravati University). ? FEB-2004 a H.S.C. from Sangai High school, Anjangaon Surji , under Amravati Board with 70.50%. ? MAR-2002 a S.S.C. from Sangai High school, Anjangaon Surji , under Amravati Board with 68.80%. ? Pursuing training for ethical studies, AIS-HP LoadRunner Software(HP0-M18) AIS-HP Virtual User Generator Software (HP0-M18), Trainer Name :- Ajay S. Bhagwat ( Profile:- ).Training Institute:- ? Visit to International Security Hacking Conference Nullcon-Goa-2011 ( on 25-26th Feb-11 organized by Null. ? Participated in QA analyst meet, VodQA 3 - The Testing Spirit!, on companies, 26-Mar-11 Organized by ThoughtWorks Technologies, Pune. · Reported Cross-site scripting (XSS) security vulnerability login authentication vulnerability in

Web Application portal (Bug Details: #72977). · Reported SQL Injection vulnerability in ethical case web application for environmental law essays, web-page. · Reported information disclosure vulnerability in admission process portal of Institute of Management. · Active member of null ( : open security community for ethical hackers, security professionals. and security Enthusiasts). ? Testing Tools: ApTest Manager, QC, Etrack and VSTS-2010.

· knowledge of Performance Testing, Load Testing and business case, Stress Testing of law essays application. · knowledge of ethical performance testing tools like VSTS-2010, Windows Perfmon tool, SysinternalsSuite (ProcessMonitor, ProcessExplorerNt) and Basic Knowledge of QEngine Jmeter. · Experienced with Performance analysis tool Performance Analysis of Logs (PAL). · Experienced with Web-Page performance testing tools like HttpWatch , Page Speed YSlow. · Good knowledge of computer science dissertation help Software Debuggers like DibugDiag, Dr.Watson, App Verifier. · Demonstrated experience with finding common application performance issues including memory. leak, handle usage , High CPU usage and Thread usage by application in windows environment. · Experienced with Analysis of performance graphs to determine whether the application is. memory bound or CPU bound.

· Knowledgeable with finding web site security issues (XSS attack, SLQ Injection, Input. validation, Buffer overflow , information leakage, etc.) · Knowledgeable with reverse engineering, Fuzzing, Malware Analysis, Vulnerability Research, Vulnerability. Disclosure and IPS/IDS. · low level software security testing skills, including finding memory safety issues, local escalation of privilege. and other exploits around subverting internal software security boundaries. ? Programming Languages: C, C++, C#, ASP.NET, PHP, J2SE /J2EE, Batch Script ,Unix Shell Script(Basic). ? Database Technologies: ORACLE 9i, MYQSL, SQL-Server-05/08, MS_ACCESS. ? Programming Tools IDE : Borland Turbo C++ 3.0, Visual Basic 6.0, Zend Studio 5.5, PHP Designer-08, VSTS-2008/2010, Net beans 6.0, Eclipse, Edit-Plus, Microsoft Visual InterDev 6.0. Project description: Online Certification Engine is a running project with above mensioned URL and is intended to business prepare user for any global certification examination.

The project is capable of like button to thesis theme resuming the examination if any technical problems persist during examination. Business Studies! Keeps the track of visitors I.P. Administrator can disable/enable particular test, create new test, modify questions database etc. 2. Management Information System (B.E. final year project ) Project description: This project is dedicated to the college Govt. College of academic writing Engg. Amravati. for ethical studies, further implementation.

The basic idea about dissertation help, project was given by national Accreditation committee (NAC) during the visit for ethical studies, Accreditation purpose. Programming tool used for project is advance java MS _ACCESS as a database tool. Smoking In Public! Project is capable of controlling online results of students, registering new student and preparing mark-sheet of students. Studies! Future implementation of project includes adding of few modules including online TC maker, training placement Notice board, online assignment board etc. No Database (Static Website)

Project description: This project is running project with the domain and statements practice, aimed to provide detailed information about organization Govt. College of Engg. Amravati. With a dynamic look. HTML as a basic programming tool is used for project and additional tools FRONT PAGE, web-builders, menu builders, Flash and Photoshop were used to provide a graphical look. ? Best project award at Sunbeam Institute of Information Technology for ethical studies, C-DAC final year academic project. ? Web-Administrator Data center student co-ordinate for academics 2007-08-09. ? Leader of WEB-TEAM for a website hosted under Linux environment [JAN-08]. ? Leader of in public places national online programming contest TOP-CODERS based on c/c++ Under PRAJWALAN-08 (Annual tech-fest of GCOE Amravati.) ? Web-Master for web site of national level technical festival during academic 2007-08. ? Technical assistant for A.I.T.S (Association of Information Technology Students) during Academics.

? Executive member of organizing committee in a “National level Robot competition-06” held at Govt. College. Of Engg Amravati. ? Presented papers titled “WEB SERVICES“,”ETHICAL HACKING”,“ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE“, “E-SECURITY”, “ROBOTICS“, “ROBOTICS AUTOMATION“ at various technical Symposiums during academics. ? Permanent address: Mr. DEVANAND B. Case Studies! GUJAR. C/O- Bapuraoji Gujar, Near - old Bus Stand, Besides Kranti Bhangar, At.

Post+Ta: Anjangaon Surji, Dist: Amravati, Maharashtra (India), Pin- -444705. ? Passport No: G7760366 (valid from 3/4/2008 to 2/4/2018) ? PAN No: AOIPG3879F. ? Marital Status: Unmarried. Place: PUNE ( Devanand B. Add Facebook To Thesis Theme! Gujar ) O Having versatile knowledge of software testing. O Proficient with automated testing tools viz QTP Selenium.

O Proficient with test management tools and ethical business studies, bug tracking tools like Bugzilla, Quality Control and like to thesis, TestLink. O Participation in preparation of test plan and business, test cases. O Having knowledge of functional, regression and system testing. O Involved in research logging the bugs and reporting. O Defect tracking and reporting using Bugzilla. O Good understanding of Relational Data Base Management Systems (RDBMS) with MYSQL. O Quick learner and excellent team player, ability to meet tight deadlines and work under pressure and be productive with new technologies.

O Flexible committed individual with excellent communication skills. u B.Sc (Electronics, Computer Maintenance, Maths) from Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur in. year 2007 with 57% aggregate. u H.S.C. from ethical case studies, Bhopal Board, Madhya Pradesh in year 2004 with 64.22%. u S.S.C. from help, Bhopal Board, Madhya Pradesh in ethical business case studies 2002 with 71.40%. Windows XP, Basic Knowledge of Linux.

QTP, Test Link, Bugzila, Selenium. Diploma in Software Testing with ‘A’ grade from Seed Infotech Ltd. Undergoing HP- QTP Training batches and preparing for certification. NAME OF EMPLOYER. NAME OF COMPANY. Vertex Software Pvt. Ltd. (An NTT Data Company) NAME OF EMPLOYER.

NAME OF COMPANY. Mr. Mahesh Nangia. N.S. MOTOR (TATA MOTORS) System Administrator cum Office Executive. Office Executive cum Computer Operator. Client : GuestLogix Inc. Duration : 16th Aug till date. Roles : Test Engineer. Description : Onboard Retail related end to end Product solution by GuestLogix.

Guestlogix provides onboard retail services to many airways as Jetstar, the facility Partner , Delta. To track onboard sales POS device are used and Stored in Back Office. POS devices track sales to identifying thesis provide services to customer with various sales types as cash ,credit cards ,complimentary. Provided to customers in travel industry like airlines, cruise, bus etc. Online shopping and ethical business, offline batch processing. Online shopping involves POS special devices. Onboard Retail related end to end product solution by GuestLogix.

Client : Open Source. Duration : 15 days. Roles : Test Engineer. Description : Orange HRM is the world’s leading open source HRM solution for small and medium sized enterprises(SME’s) by thesis statements, providing a flexible and easy to use HRM system affordable for any company worldwide. The following modules companies are able to manage the crucial organization asset- people. Ethical Business Case Studies! The combination of these modules into one application assures the perfect platform for re-engineering and aligning your HR processes along with organizational goals. Scope of writing research Testing: 1. Requirements Testing. 2. Functional Testing. 3. Usability / User Interface Testing. 4. Regression Testing.

1. Reviewed Business requirements. 2. Involved in ethical case test case writing. 3. Involved on environmental, testing the new functionalities based on test cases and coordinated with development team in fixing the issues. 4. After successful release of ethical projects, developed automation scripts using Selenium. 5. Ensure that all the test cases are updated in the Test Link along with Master test plan.

6. Like To Thesis Theme! Tested critical bug fixes including critical fixes and coordinated with developers in release of bug fixes meeting tight timeline. 7. Defects were tracked, reviewed, analyzed and compared manually and using Bugzilla. Test Link, Bugzilla, Selenium, SQL, Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Windows XP. § Languages Known Marathi, Hindi, English. § Marital Status Single. § Passport Number G6458117 (Valid upto: 22/02/2018) § Contact Address C/o Abha Paranjpe, Shanti Apartments, Gate No. 02, Behind Swaroop Petrol Pump, Wright Town , Jabalpur-482002 (M.P.) § Permanent Address G/16 , 90 Qtrs, Vijayanagar, Nr. Kachnar City, Jabalpur-482002 (M.P.) For any job offer that would best suited to my profile, I promise to relocate myself to the desired location. I hereby declare that the ethical business case, information given here by me is true and correct to the best of academic writing research papers my knowledge. Place: Devika Paranjpe.

u ‘B’ Certificate Holder in studies National Cadet Corps (Navy Wing) attended various camps such as Annual Training Camp, National Integration Camp, etc. u Prize-winner in various Inter-Collegiate Dance Competitions. u Received American Scholarship from the State of science help California for 2 years on Best Academic Performance. Institute for certificate course in Automation . This course will provide extensive coverage of Automation Basics which will cover the topics such as Pneumatics, Sensor Technology, Electrical Systems Designs, Relays Timers, VSD ,PLC,SCADA training. Call Us: +91 7304258511. VK Edutech is one of ethical business case leading industrial technology Knowledge Centre, providing hands on practical training in Advanced Industrial Automation(PLC,SCADA HMI,DCS)Process Control Engineering, Electro Hydraulic Pneumatic, Industrial Electrical and Electronics, AC DC Drives, Environment, Safety Fire Engineering.

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Business Ethics in Context: Researching with Case Studies - jstor

Stragetic Management Essay Sample. USQ MGT8039 Strategic Leadership S2, 2005 Study Book (p 1.11), sighted that Hoskisson, Hitt and ethical studies, Ireland (2004, p.37) defined strategic leadership as “the ability to identifying statements anticipate, envision, maintain flexibility and empower others to create strategic change as necessary… managing through others, managing an entire enterprise rather that a functional subunit”. 2. Critical Analysis. Strategic management can be described as a process undertaken by top-level management. Thomson el all (2002, pp. 3-15)) elaborate that strategic management is process about ethical case, defining the purpose of essay companies, existent of an organization, formulating a long term strategy to fit the organization’s external and internal situation, build sustainable advantage and improve organization performance. In contrast, strategic leadership is a function that drives the strategic management process in the organization. In view of this, the author would like to adopt a stand that strategic leadership is different from ethical studies, strategic management but both intertwined and co-exist to compliment each other. Strategic management will not exist without strategic leadership.

The scope of tips papers, top level management in this respect shall encompasses the Board of Directors, CEO and top management and the strategic leadership which, they exercise would be in-conjunction or individually. Emergence of globalization whilst giving new opportunities for organization to new markets, also exposes organization to new challenges for competitions and rapid changes of competitive environment. The strategic management undertaken by organization to address these challenges required strategic leadership to drive the task of crafting and executing the organization strategy. According to Richardson (1994), modern strategic management needs to be met by a multi-skilled strategic leadership response and ethical studies, not adopt a stand of “this by and large, is the best paying essay companies, only way to do strategic leadership”. Nicholls (1994) proposed that in ethical business, order to counter the fast-changing business environment, organization through the role strategic leadership must adopt the fundamental changes in the way they think and essays smoking in public, behave with respect to both people and business studies, customers. In the process of strategic management, decisions making would have to take place to determine the science dissertation help, direction of the strategy and business, according to Harrison Pelletier (1997) strategic decisions constitute the academic tips papers, essence of strategic leadership. Nicholls (1994) also added that strategic leadership of an organization requires equal attention to both paths finding and culture building. He further explained that in “performing this strategic role, strategy formulation and strategy implementation are no longer sequential and separate but are subsumed in the complementary leaderships of path finding and culture building”. Strategic thinking (Bonn, 2001), decision making (Harrison Pelletier, 1997) and culture building (Nicholls, 1994) which are associated with human cognitive capability and behavior, required strategic leadership approach in developing and capitalizing these aspects of human resource to ethical business studies support and ensure the success strategic management process. Even though the above observations were made to environmental law essays support the author stance, it would presumptuous to conclude that the practice of strategic leadership would ensure the success of strategic management.

Richardson (1994) in his “strategic configuration” model, explained that the domain of strategic management consist of many components, which includes, decisional processes, environmental circumstances, critical problems, political situation and leadership style. These components according to him, are multi-facet and ethical business case studies, interactive and the effectiveness of the “strategic configuration” are dependent upon the deployment of all of the components. By definition, strategic leadership is different with strategic management but by being strategic in “nature” and by the definition of this course module, both have common association, which is the top-level management of organization. In view of this, strategic leadership needs to be analyzed and discuss in the context of strategic management. Bonn, I,” Developing Strategic Think as a Core Competency”, Management Decision, Vol. 39/1, 2001, pp 63-70.

Harrison, EF Pelletier, MA 1997, “CEO perception of strategic leadership”, Journal of Managerial Issues, Vol. Ix, no. Environmental Law Essays! 3, pp. 299-317. Nicholls, J 1994, “The strategic leadership star: a guiding in delivering value to the custyomer”, Management Decision, vol.21, no. 8, pp. 21-6 (1994) Richardson, B 1994, “Comprehensive approach to business studies strategic management: leading across the strategic management domain”, Management Decision, Vol.

32, No. 8, pp27-41. Thomson, AT, Strickland, AJ, Gamble, JE 2002, “Crafting and executing strategy: The quest for competitive advantage, edn. 14th, McGraw-Hill, New York, USQ MGT8039 Strategic Leadership S2, 2005 Study Book.

5. Annexure – Author Background. The author is add facebook to thesis, currently holding a position of a Sales Manager, in an Australian owned, company, PolyPacific Polymers Sdn Bhd located in Malaysia. Ethical Business! The author has about twenty years of working experience, which consist of fourteen years in essays smoking places, the manufacturing and six years in the sales. The author was employed as a young supervisor at the age of twenty and studies, climbs to the rank and file to essays smoking places the current position. In term of leadership experience, the author has nine years of working experience in supervisory capacity and eleven years of working experience in managerial capacity. During the course of working, the author has received training on basic leadership skills. The author has not exposed to strategic leadership or strategic management as the strategic management process in the company was undertook by the CEO in conjunction with the Board of Directors of the ethical, company. Add Facebook Like To Thesis! The author has not completed MGT8002 and his limited knowledge of business, strategic management was acquired through reading during the course of his MBA studies. The reason the author chose to do MGT8039 was mainly due to his special interest in leadership studies and add facebook like button theme, intends to major in leadership and case, hoping to writing learn and be a better leader.

Apart having a profession as a Sales Manager, the author also involves in social work, training and teaching young people in the area of leadership. This also has been the motivating factor for the author to embark on the specialization of leadership in his MBA studies. Part B – Word Count -1042 words. For those who have not read any great leaders biographies and theirs accomplishments, the ethical business case, book provide good introduction of all the seven exceptional corporate leaders and their signature strategies. The books should be able to stir reader interest for more serious reading and academic tips papers, learning on other more in-depth leadership books. Krames’s rigorous analysis of each of the CEO and their strategies, provide reader an understanding of ethical business studies, what are their strategies and how the strategies implemented and why they were implemented. The book not only science dissertation, discusses the framework of each of their strategies but also entails some of the example of the ethical business, leaders’ relevant experience.

Through these leaders, the computer dissertation help, book portrays proven business insights, ideas and innovations of practiced by these world-class organizations. The inclusion of thoughts provoking case studies and self-test “Assessing Your CEO Quotient” at each of the chapters provide interactive learning experience. The book could have provided experience from business case, wider spectrum of environmental, leaders from ethical business studies, other non-profit organization, corporate leaders from emerging economies and environmental law essays, corporate leaders from Asia. The definition of successful leaders in this book is narrow is the sense its only from the perspective of immediate financial wealth creation. 4. General Learning Benefit. The author, being a novice in the area of strategic leadership studies found that the book provide a very good introduction to strategic leadership and corporate strategy. The books open the author mind on the dynamism of strategic and ethical business case, critical thinking of addressing corporate problems. Practice! The author found that the “More Lesson From CEO” sections at the end of each chapter were practical and applicable to the author current profession. 5. Ranking of Learning Benefit of Each CEO. Out of ethical studies, all the CEOs the author has learned the most is from Andy Grove. Turning from negative situation to positive though it took resourcefulness to achieved, without real strong courage and determination, many leaders would not succeed.

These strong qualities possessed by Grove no doubts would have developed through his early days hardship and this had earned Grove the respect of being a leader. To Thesis! Through his ability see the condition Intel from the perspective of an outsider enable him to prepare Intel for drastic change and case, turn into a multi-billion dollars business. The author admired Grove leadership style based on truth telling. Ranking second after Grove is environmental law essays, Herb Kelleher. The author learned the important of building performance-based culture in ethical business, business. Kelleher’s down-to-earth leadership style, by putting customer and employee, putting aside title and protocol caught the attention of the author especially when it came from the leader from big organization like Southwest.

Kelleher lean management structure that made him accessible by his front lines supervisor plus his flamboyant and people treatment breed loyalty and academic, commitment from his staff. Ranking third is Sam Walton. Walton continuous endeavor to be better by learning from ethical business case studies, his competitors, and remain faithful to his vision to provide lowest cost impressed the author. Statements Practice! Normally when organization became big, they will not adopt lowest cost strategy. Lesson that the author draws from Walton leadership style was to lead by example in the aspect of learning from others.

Ranking fourth is Bill Gates. Bill Gates leadership approach to knowledge management was definitely a lesson that that the author have learned. Gates ability to see the future label him as visionary leader. Ranking fifth is Jack Welch. Jack Welch was good corporate strategies. Though through learning organization make GE a great company, his “number one or number two” strategy was mean and neglected the human aspect which the author believe negate the overall leadership pursuit. Ethical Case Studies! This strategy though might work with big corporation like GE, might not work on the smaller organization. People commitment to their job could be due to job security. Ranking sixth is Lou Gerstner. Gerstner approach to put IBM under the scrutiny of smoking in public, its customer and use the case studies, market feedback to transform IBM would be expected of him. His previous experience in Nabisco naturally would give IBM a fresh perspective of how to business would be directed.

No doubt his leadership abilities would have contributed to his success transforming IBM. Ranking seventh is Michael Dell. Dell approach to build DELL business model surround the customer and his strategy of mass customization would be the natural things to do for highly competitive industry like computers. Essay Companies! Whereas other failed, Dell succeeded to harness the ethical, power of Information Technology to build DELL supply chain. Probably other computer makers would have recognized the important of bringing the business closer to the customer but they fail to writing know how. 6. Other Prominent Leader. Another leader that the business studies, author regards to paying writing companies be prominent is Fujio Cho, the president of the ethical studies, Toyota Motor Corporation. Fortune reported that Toyota’s worldwide sales leapt 10%, to law essays 7.5 million vehicles, posting strong growth in all regions. Toyota’s profits for fiscal year 2003 exceeded those of GM, Ford, DaimlerChrysler, and Volkswagen combined. (Annex A) Cho portray his leadership style particularly dedicates his time through interaction with the working group on ethical business case studies, the production floor, congratulating them of best paying essay, their best achievement.

Cho leading by example has earned him admiration and respect from his employees. (Annex B) Cho none compromising stand on environmental issue evident went he lambasted his own company saying “The sense of crisis we feel, despite increasing sales and ethical studies, profits, stems from thesis practice, our fear that we have no kept up. Particularly fears that we have not kept up with environmental issues…” (Annex C) To be globally competitive today, according to Cho, a company must be agile, able to ethical studies make rapid decisions and respond quickly to changing business environments (Annex D) and this factor has brought Toyota to the current level. Cho leadership exemplifies the computer dissertation, quest for organization for continuous improvement. Lesson that can be drawn by ethical business studies, the author from his leadership and strategy are, his treatment for his employee, passion for quality and meeting customer expectation and respect for the environment. The reading of the essays smoking, book provides the author a good introduction of the practice and the dynamics of strategic leadership.

Based on experiences of ethical studies, these CEOs, the add facebook, author realized that the ethical business case, application strategic leadership varies depending on the personality of the leadership and the circumstances and thesis statements practice, type of the organization they are in. Annex A -TOYOTA CEO FUJIO CHO IS NAMED FORTUNE’S ASIA BUSINESSMAN OF THE YEAR. Cho is driving Toyota to new heights-and straight past the competition. Hong Kong, January 24, 2005-FORTUNE announced today that Fujio Cho, CEO of Toyota, is the Asia Businessman of the Year. Cho leads a company whose model lineup features some of the U.S. market’s most popular vehicles. Smart products and a sterling reputation for quality have lifted Toyota’s share of the U.S. market to 12%, and many industry analysts predict it will soon pass DaimlerChrysler to join the ranks of the U.S.

Big Three. Cho earns FORTUNE’s nomination for his near flawless execution of Toyota’s plan for global expansion. The story, “Full Speed Ahead,” appears in ethical business case, the February 7 issue of FORTUNE, on newsstands January 31 and at “By nearly every measure, Toyota is the world’s best auto manufacturer,” says FORTUNE writer Clay Chandler. “It may be the identifying thesis statements practice, world’s best manufacturer, period. Business Studies! Consider: Last year, Toyota’s worldwide sales leapt 10%, to 7.5 million vehicles, posting strong growth in all regions. But Toyota has long since kicked the Japanese habit of chasing sales and market share at computer science dissertation help the expense of profit.” Toyota’s profits for fiscal year 2003 exceeded those of GM, Ford, DaimlerChrysler, and Volkswagen combined. Toyota has embarked on an ambitious international expansion plan, though Cho is ethical case studies, struggling with the complexities of transplanting Toyota’s vaunted production methods to foreign soil.

For Cho, running Toyota is like “trying to pull a handcart up a steep hill-there’s always tremendous danger if we relax, even for a moment, we could loose momentum and be thrown to the bottom.” Cho downplays-but does not disavow-the objective widely reported in the Japanese press of capturing at 15% share of thesis, global vehicle sales by the end of the decade. But the business case studies, multi-front blitzkrieg launched to reach that target has put unprecedented strain on thesis, the production process once hailed as the “machine that changed the world.” The dilemma, says Chandler, is how to maintain the pace without diluting what Toyota executives call their corporate DNA-a principle called kaizen, the notion that engineers, managers, and line workers collaborate continually to systematize production tasks and identify incremental changes to make work go more smoothly. Cho not only has to ethical business case make this approach work in Toyota’s U.S. factories-where feedback from workers has made him change some of Toyota’s long-held approaches-but also in environmental law essays, China, the world’s fastest growing auto market, where Toyota has forged a partnership with First Autoworks in Changchun. One of Toyota’s gambles has been the Prius, a hybrid car that critics claim has yet to be profitable. Ethical Case Studies! There is high demand in law essays, the U.S., and China is pressing for access to the technology. Getting an early grip on this market may turn out to have been a shrewd move on Cho’s part, says Chandler.

Many expect Cho to step down in June and take the more ceremonial role of chairman. “Whether Cho stays on,” concludes Chandler, “expect Toyota to keep pulling its handcart uphill-and to rush to the next mountain the ethical business, moment it gains the summit.” FORTUNE, part of Time Inc., is the global leader in business, known for its unrivalled access to add facebook like theme industry leaders and decision-makers throughout the world. FORTUNE’s Asia edition, based in Hong Kong, is dedicated to covering Asian business from a trademark global perspective. With an ethical business, Asian circulation of identifying, 85,000 and a worldwide circulation of 1,020,000, FORTUNE is one of the fastest growing magazines in the world. Founded in 1930, FORTUNE has grown to ethical a worldwide circulation of over one million and a readership in excess of five million. Annexure B -An authentic Leader…

By Enrique Mora. Fujio Cho, President of the Toyota Motor Company, is an exemplary leader. In Japan the company has about a dozen plants, producing 3.5 million vehicles every year. Seldom is Cho found in his office. Button To Thesis Theme! He dedicates most of his time on the floor of the plants, congratulating the working groups with the best achievements. It has won him all Toyota’s 264,000 employees’ admiration and respect, and it also creates an studies, exemplary image that should be followed by other executives. The world sees very few executives at Cho’s level spending so much time with employees.

Is it that companies have to be at the level of law essays, Toyota to have these leaders? Or maybe Toyota is at that level because of the business, practices of these leaders? Companies don’t succeed because of their names; it is their people who create energy for success. The success of a company is theme, a direct result of attitudes of the leaders who comprise it. We can all “make the difference.” Many times I hear negative comments of people complaining that “their company” does not respond to their positive and changing attitudes.

Error: We can All influence the results of the company. And, if by chance, the company doesn’t have the ethical case, appropriate atmosphere and vision to capture and take advantage of environmental law essays, that positive energy, there is no problem. Get ready for a better opportunity, because you will surely find it. The example of Fujio Cho is business, impacting. Managers from all over computer science, the world should follow it if they want to meet the case, demands in the evolution process called “World Class.” This determines the competitive position of a company in the coming years. This opportunity is in our hands, and we should not waste it. Here is a few questions to ask yourself: 1. – How well do you know your people? Do you know their names?

Do they know your face? Do they come and talk to you? 2. Places! – How do you show appreciation for the efforts of the people on your team? How do you publicly commend those employees who are doing outstanding jobs? 3. – Would you say that the atmosphere of your company is one of ethical, empowerment? Do you share the power and information with everyone, not just a select few? A leader’s success depends on the honest answers to these questions, since they determine: 1. – How will your company do in the short and medium term? 2. – What is the level of collaboration you will have from your labor force? The trend of the automotive industry has clearly defined the economy in the last 60 years and it will continue to do so.

The arrogance of smoking places, “the three big ones” of America has blinded them. They don’t seem to be willing to change, and they continue to loose market share and prestige. Business Case! The Japanese industry, on the other hand, shares its “secrets” with everybody. Determine today what example you want to environmental law essays follow: that of the ethical business case, winners or that of the losers. Essays In Public! The industries of the world need Leaders, people who give authentic support instead of orders; who model the behavior they want to see from others; who encourage ideas and new ways of improving processes and studies, products; who “grow” new leaders for the future. I wish you a day of change and success, followed by another and another…… Annex C -Toyota experiences extreme self disappointment, somebody cry me a river. Posted Aug 9, 2004, 10:48 AM ET by best companies, Christopher Diken. Related entries: Hybrids/Alternative, Trends.

Despite raking in $10 billion in earnings last year and looking like it will surpass that mark this year, Toyota is business, not happy. Chairman Fujio Cho lambasted his own company last week, saying “The sense of essays in public places, crisis we feel, despite increasing sales and case, profits, stems from best, our fear that we have no kept up. Particularly fears that we have not kept up with environmental issues…” Ok, Fujio, I know it’s noble to be hard on yourself, as that’s how Toyota got to this point in the first place, but what about the unbridled success of the Prius and the manifold hybrid concepts like the ethical, Volta and Lexus’ pending RX hybrid SUV? It’s still not even close to enough, apparently, as Chairman Cho revealed plans to get 300,000 hybrids on tarmac by in public, the end of next year. But, wait, this isn’t really about environmentally-responsible transport, is ethical business case studies, it? No, I didn’t think so: Toyota has long been forced to compete only with itself as far as quality and reliability were concerned; this year, however, the untarnishable reputation pitted slightly around the edges as Hyundai passed Toyota in J.D.

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?Principles of Management Presentation Topics. Principles of Management Presentation Topics 1. Case of Dabbawalas of Mumbai and learnings from it 2. Rise of Samsung Galaxy – Strategies Tactics 3. Ethical Business Studies! Strategic positioning of Coca –… The Future Of Strategic Management. The underlying notion for Strategic Management is to ensure the achievement and maintenance of competitive advantage. Fred R. David, in academic research, his book, Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases, defines Strategic Management… Total Quality Management. Toyota In the automobile industry one variable which is of utmost importance is quality. The customers are mostly pretty sensitive when it comes to the cars; if they are paying… A good leader of an organization is someone who knows how to lead and guide his people to be more productive and efficient in their respective works. As the word…

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9 essay writing tips to ‘wow’ college admissions officers. By Paige Carlotti 3:37 pm EDT October 23, 2014. You’ve taken the tests, requested the recommendations, completed the common app, and now it’s finally time to refocus on what you’ve been putting off: the essay. While most students spend days, sometimes weeks, perfecting their personal statements, admissions officers only business case studies, spend about three to five minutes actually reading them, according to environmental Jim Rawlins, director of admissions at the University of Oregon. High school seniors are faced with the challenge of business summarizing the essays smoking places, last 17 years into 600 words, all while showcasing their “unique” personality against thousands of other candidates. “It’s hard to find a balance between sounding professional and smart without using all of those long words,” says Lily Klass, a senior at Milford High School in Milford, Mass. “I’m having trouble reflect myself without sounding arrogant or rude or anything like that.” The following tips will help applicants make the leap from ‘average’ to ‘accepted’: Since the admissions officers only spend a brief amount of time reviewing stories, it’s pivotal that you engage them from the very beginning. “Instead of business trying to come up with gimmicky, catchy first lines, start by sharing a moment,” says Janine Robinson, writing coach and founder of environmental Essay Hell. Business Case Studies! “These mini stories naturally grab the reader … it’s the best way to really involve them in the story.” Let the moment you choose be revealing of your personality and character. Describe how it shaped who you are today and who you will be tomorrow. 2. Put yourself in the school’s position. At the essays, end of the day, colleges want to accept someone who is going to ethical case graduate, be successful in the world and have the university associated with that success. In your essay, it is vital that you present yourself as someone who loves to learn, can think critically and has a passion for things—anything. “Colleges always say to show your intellectual vitality and curiosity,” Robinson says. “They want kids who are going to hit the law essays, ground running—zoom to ethical business case class and straight out into the world. They want them hungry and self-aware. “One of the biggest mistakes students make is science help, trying too hard to impress,” Robinson says. “Trust that it is those every day, specific subjects that are much more interesting to read about.” Colleges are tired of reading about that time you had a come-from-behind- win in the state championship game or the time you built houses in Ecuador, according to Robinson.

Get creative! Furthermore, you’re writing doesn’t have to sound like Shakespeare. “These essays should read like smart, interesting 17-year-olds wrote them,” says Lacy Crawford, former independent college application counselor and author of Early Decision. “A sense of perspective and ethical business self-awareness is what’s interesting. 4. Ditch the thesaurus. Swap sophistication for self-awareness. Computer Science Dissertation Help! There is business studies, a designated portion of the application section designated to show off your repertoire of law essays words. Business Case Studies! Leave it there. On the personal essay, write how you would speak. Using “SAT words” in your personal statement sounds unnatural and distances the reader from you. “I think most students are torn between a pathway dividing a diary entry and a press release. It’s supposed to be marketing document of the self,” Crawford says. 5. Write about what matters to you, not what matters to them.

Crawford recommends students begin by answering the question, “if you had 10 minutes to talk to computer dissertation them in person, what would you say?” The admissions teams are looking for authenticity and quality of thinking. “Theoretically, I think anything could be ‘the perfect topic, as long as you demonstrate how well you think, your logic and ability to ethical business hold readers’ attention,” Crawford says. 6. Environmental Law Essays! Read the success stories. “The best advice is to read essays that have worked,” Robinson says. “You’ll be surprised to ethical business studies see that they’re not winning Pulitzers; they are pieces of someone. You want your story to be the one she doesn’t put down.” Once you find a topic you like, sit down and tips papers write for case, an hour or so. It shouldn’t take longer than that. When you write from your heart, words should come easily.

Rawlins recommends showing the essay to a family member or friend and add facebook like theme ask if it sounds like the ethical business case studies, student. “Take a few days and come back to it. But only do that once,” Rawlins says. Essays Smoking Places! “Reading it over and over again will only drive you nuts.” 7. Don’t pretend to ethical business be someone you’re not. While colleges tend to nod to disadvantaged students, roughing up your background won’t help your cause. “It’s less about the topic and more about how you frame it and what you have to say about it, Robinson says. “The better essay is has the most interesting thing to say, regardless of a topic that involves a crisis or the mundane.” The essays serve as a glimpse into how your mind works, how you view the computer help, world and provides perspective. If you have never had some earth shattering experience that rocked your world, don’t pretend you did. Your insights will be forced and disingenuous. While the directions on the applications may sound generic, and even repetitive after applying to a variety of business schools, Rawlins points out environmental, that every rhyme has a reason. “They have to know that college put a lot of thought into ethical studies the instructions we give them—so please follow them!” he says. “We’ve given a lot of thought to papers the words we use. We want what we ask for.” 9. Use this space to ethical case tell them what your application can’t. Most colleges don’t have the time or bandwidth to research each individual applicant.

They only know what you put in front of them. Best Essay Writing Companies! “If they don’t tell us something, we can’t connect the dots,” Rawlins says. “We’re just another person reading their material.” Like Crawford, he recommends students imagining they are sitting next to him in his office and responding to the question, “What else do I need to know?” And their essays should reflect how they would respond. At the end of the day, however, Rawlins wants students to know that the case, personal essay is just another piece of the larger puzzle. “They prescribe way too much importance to the essay,” Rawlins says. “It makes a massive difference—good or bad—to very few out smoking in public, there, so keep it in context.” Farewell from USA TODAY College. How to choose a student credit card. Ethical Business Studies! Pick the one that#8217;s right for you. A new tactic to environmental teach freshmen about sexual assault: theater. At some schools, the question of how to engage students on sexual assault is ethical business, answered in the theater. A DACA student shares her fears for the future. How I turned a healthy habit I dreaded into a part of my weekly routine.

A DACA student shares her fears for the future. Ramsey Touchberry interviews a DACA student at University of Florida. Here#039;s how much security costs when an incendiary speaker comes to campus. Computer! UC Berkeley is ethical business case, bracing for conservative speaker Ben Shapiro. They#8217;ve been here before. Here are the highlights of the add facebook like button, 2018 U.S. Business Studies! News World Report college rankings. Where does your school stack up in the new U.S.

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Cancer Council Australia’s Student Essay Competition: Prevention is case, better than cure. 6th year Medical Student, University of Western Australia. “When meditating over a disease, I never think of finding a remedy for it, but, instead, a means of preventing it.” Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) Cancer treatment breakthroughs have generated significant media coverage for several decades. Fuelling the fervent community desire for a ‘magical’ cure for cancer, media articles have incessantly spoken of numerous impending discoveries in cancer treatment. Yet sadly, no significant cure has materialised. Meanwhile, the incidence of best paying writing companies cancer in Australia has steadily increased by 36% between 1990 and 2000. 1 Considering the aging population, the total number of new cases of cancer is projected to rise by yet another staggering 31% between 2001 and 2011. Case Studies! 2 This daunting picture is further complicated by the fact that Australia has a relatively small workforce to support this rising patient population. Academic Tips Research! 3. Dealing with this unprecedented challenge in cancer control therefore requires a new approach.

Owing to the tremendous impact of modifiable factors on cancer risk, it has been estimated that at ethical, least one-third of all cancers are preventable. 4 Cancer prevention is defined as the academic, reduction of cancer mortality through a reduction in the incidence of cancer. 5 This involves reducing exposure to modifiable risk factors, along with population-based screening to allow early detection of pre-cancerous lesions. The success of prevention campaigns is evident from the prevention of studies more than 17,000 premature deaths in paying companies, 1998 due to a range of successful tobacco control measures initiated in ethical business studies, the 1970s. 6 The decline in the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer due to early detection of tips pre-cancerous abnormalities by case studies Pap smears is an additional example of an effective intervention at the population level. 1 Furthermore, according to the World Health Organisation, prevention offers the most cost effective long-term strategy for the control of best essay writing companies cancer. 4 Therefore, the future of cancer control in Australia lies not in the discovery of an elusive cure, but in a national commitment to prevention, with a rebalancing of the focus, as well as the funding of research. “The broad goal, of studies course, is to end the disease. The highest-leverage approach is prevention…and the best prevention approach we have now is getting people to avoid risky behaviour.” – Bill Gates 2007.

This essay will analyse the common modifiable risk factors for cancer and essays places, the existing and emerging preventative strategies in Australia, and the associated population-based screening programs. Modifiable risk factors and cancer screening. With regards to modifiable risk factors, the most consistent finding over decades of research is the strong association between tobacco use and cancer. 5 Smoking contributes to 12% of all cancers in ethical business studies, Australia, causing over 90% of lung cancers in addition to a large range of other malignancies. 3 The cancer risk is dose-related: longer duration and paying essay companies, heavier consumption patterns increase the ethical case studies, likelihood of smoking in public developing cancer. This has specific implications for the Australian youth.

A child who starts smoking at 14 years or less is 15 times more likely to die of lung cancer than a person who has never smoked. 8 Given that eight out of 10 people take up smoking before the age of 18 and may remain addicted for life, 3,9 reducing the prevalence of tobacco use in the young population has been one of the major targets of cancer prevention policies in Australia. The first step occurred in 1972 with a mandatory health warning on cigarette packages. 3,10 More radical approaches were developed after the emergence of the passive smoking issue. Business! Non-smokers with long-term exposure to environmental tobacco smoke have a 25% higher risk of developing lung cancer than non-exposed non-smokers.

11 This resulted in the announcements of smoke-free policies in all enclosed licensed premises including pubs and clubs. 12. In addition, there have been graphic public education campaigns such as the National Tobacco Campaign and support services and Quit lines have been made available to assist after the decision to quit has been made. 3 Other major developments have included bans on most forms of tobacco advertising (under the Tobacco Act 1987) with a rise in the price of like to thesis cigarettes, restrictions on sales to ethical studies minors and the use of graphic health warnings on all tobacco products. 3,9-10 As a result, the smoking in public places, smoking prevalence of adult Australians has consistently declined to a daily smoking rate of 17.4% in 2004 for smokers aged over business case studies, 14 years of best paying essay companies age. 13 The incidence rate for men of cancers attributable to smoking fell by ethical case studies an average of environmental 1.4% per year, while the rate for women rose by 0.7% per year between 1991 and 2001. The increase is predominantly in females aged 65 years and over, while rates in younger women have generally remained stable or fallen. 4 Furthermore, in ethical, terms of cost-effectiveness, the returns have been enormous, with the $176 million spent on anti-smoking campaigns over 30 years delivering $8.6 billion in benefits. 13. Although there has been an incremental reduction in smoking prevalence in Australia, 17.4% of add facebook Australians still continue to smoke and hence face a significant yet avoidable cancer risk. 14 Furthermore, the prevalence of smoking in Indigenous Australians is overwhelmingly high at 54%.

As a result, they are more than twice as likely to die within five years of a cancer diagnosis as non-Indigenous cancer patients, in large part because of the poor prognosis of cancers caused by smoking. 3 Thus, there is still room for improvement. In fact, estimates based on ethical case recent trends indicate that if adequate resources are committed to tobacco control in Australia, the smoking prevalence can be lowered by a further 1% per annum. 6 Steps are already being taken in environmental law essays, this direction. The Victorian Government has announced an additional $5.6 million of business funding for anti-smoking marketing campaigns to further reduce adult smoking rates in Victoria to 14% by 2013. 15 The Rudd Government has introduced a $14.5 million plan to cut smoking rates in Indigenous communities. 16 Some other strategies that can be implemented include a national production of add facebook like button to thesis theme health warning labels on cigarette packs in the Aboriginal language, as was done in Nhulunbuy Miwatj Health service in 1998. 17 There are clearly new opportunities being developed to target smoking and ethical business studies, reducing smoking prevalence now that would lead to significantly fewer overall cancer diagnoses in the longer-term future. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer.

Infection with high-risk HPV has been clearly established as the central cause of cervical cancer. Currently, early identification and treatment of pre-cancerous abnormalities associated with persistent HPV infection is the best protection against add facebook like button theme, the disease. 3-5 Routine screening with Pap smears has been the business studies, main focus of the National Cervical Cancer Screening Program in Australia. Academic Research! As a result of this screening, between 1991 and 2001 the incidence rates of cervical cancer have almost halved among women aged 20 to 69 and the mortality rates are among the lowest in the world, demoting cervical cancer to the 13th most common cancer in ethical, women in Australia. 3,18-19. Nevertheless, there is tremendous potential for improvement given that the to thesis, aged standardised participation rate in ethical business case, 2003-04 for women aged 20 to 69 years was only 60.7%. Recruiting unscreened women to the program still remains a priority . 20 This is especially true for the Indigenous populations with numbers never screened, ranging from 20–64%. Indigenous women are more than four times more likely to die of cervical cancer than other Australian women.

20 Participation may be enhanced by using strategies such as Aboriginal community involvement in planning and delivery of screening programs and gender-sensitive provision of culturally appropriate services by help GPs. Given that approximately 80% of Pap tests are taken by GPs, the Australian Government introduced a cervical screening practice incentive payment in 2001 to support general practices to enhance cervical cancer screening, with 91.7% of practices in Australia signed on to participate by 2006. 3 Other initiatives should address issues such as reduced access to services. For example, in Queensland a network of 13 specially trained mobile women’s health nurses has been established to provide preventive health services such as cervical cancer screening to ethical business case women in rural/remote areas. Computer Help! 21.

A major development in the prevention of ethical case studies cervical cancer has been the introduction of a vaccine designed to prevent two of the most common types of high-risk HPV (HPV 16 and 18), which are responsible for 70% of cervical cancers. This vaccine has been shown to best essay be 100% effective against these HPV strains. However, as the case studies, vaccine does not protect against all types that cause cervical cancer, vaccinated women should still have regular Pap tests. Furthermore, vaccinating Aboriginal women will help lower the incidence and mortality from cervical cancer in computer science help, these populations. However, it is important to ensure that the vaccine’s introduction does not confuse the public about the importance of a Pap smear. Ethical Business Studies! Successful implementation of the vaccination program requires education of the add facebook like to thesis, general public about HPV and the need for business studies Pap smears, de-stigmatising HPV infection and gaining acceptance for vaccinating adolescents for a sexually transmitted infection before their sexual debut. 3,22-24, While the National Cervical Screening Program has been effective at reducing cervical cancer incidence and mortality, the vaccine offers the potential to further decrease the incidence of and mortality from this disease in a cost-effective manner.

Diet, physical activity and obesity. In Australia, more than 6000 deaths from cancer each year are attributable to three major risk factors: inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables; inadequate physical activity; and overweight or obesity. In fact, it is estimated that 11% of colon cancer and 9-11% of post-menopausal breast cancer can be attributed to overweight and obesity. 3,9 Between 1985 and 1995 the academic research, level of combined overweight/obesity in the Australian people more than doubled. 25 This rate is business case studies, even higher in the Indigenous population. Essays Smoking Places! 3 To achieve and maintain a healthy weight, the business studies, Cancer Council recommends adults undertake 30 minutes of physical activity on most days of the week. Individuals who are physically active can reduce their risk of developing breast cancer by 20 to 30% and colorectal cancer by statements practice 30 to business case 40%. Increasing physical activity levels has been a consistent approach in prevention policy in Australia. Be active Australia: a framework for health sector action for physical activity, is the current strategic framework for population-based physical activity promotion in Australia.

3. In addition to obesity, diet also influences cancer risk. 26 Inadequate vegetable and fruit intake has been estimated to academic cause 11% of the case, total cancer burden, including colorectal and breast cancer. 3 It has been estimated that combined changes in diet and physical activity could reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer by science dissertation 66% to 75% 27 and randomised trials have shown that breast cancer rates are lower in women who are on low fat diets. 28 In Australia, there have been several state-wide campaigns aimed at ethical case studies, promoting increased consumption of vegetables and fruit. 3 These campaigns have been successful in improving public attitudes towards fruit and vegetables and some programs, such as the essay writing, ‘Go for 25’ campaign in Western Australia, have also increased consumption. 3 Furthermore, Cancer Council Australia has recently developed a public health campaign called ‘Avoid the Cure’ which links these three elements with colorectal cancer prevention.

29. Despite these changes in diet and physical activity, colorectal cancer incidence rates for both males and females have increased since 1990. 30 Because of its high prevalence, its long asymptomatic phase and the presence of a treatable pre-cancerous lesion, colorectal cancer ideally meets the criteria for screening. 31 Faecal occult-blood testing (FOBT) has been assessed for case studies population screening in the Bowel Cancer Screening Pilot Program. Evidence has shown that regular screening using FOBTs can reduce mortality from colorectal cancer by 15-33%. FOBTs are also cheap, safe and identifying statements practice, acceptable to the population. 32 The Australian Government has allocated $13.4 million over three years from 2006-08 to phase in a nationally coordinated, population-based, bowel cancer screening program using FOBTs. Studies! 33 Combination of prevention measures, such as diet and physical activity with the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program, may help reduce the impact of bowel cancer in button, Australia.

Skin cancer (non-melanoma and melanoma) is the most common and studies, the most expensive cancer in Australia. Unprotected exposure to ultraviolet radiation is the single most important modifiable risk factor for law essays skin cancer. Australia is recognised as having the most extensive, comprehensive and longest-lasting skin cancer prevention programs in the world, including the Slip! Slop! Slap! program in the early 80s and the SunSmart program since 1988. 3,34-35 These programs have resulted in changes in the attitudes, knowledge as well as behavior of the ethical, Australian people.

Over 90% of computer dissertation Australian people recognise that skin cancer is dangerous and that they themselves are at risk of skin cancer. 34-35 Since SunSmart was launched, the ethical business, proportion of Victorians who like to get a suntan has decreased from 61% in 1988 to 35% in 1998. There has been a 50% reduction in essay, people getting sunburnt in the decade from 1988. Finally, clear evidence is ethical, now emerging that skin cancer incidence rates are beginning to add facebook button to thesis theme plateau after decades of increase. 3,35 The average thickness of all melanomas being diagnosed has reduced substantially, so that the case fatality rate for melanoma is now less than 20%.

Since 1990 the rate of case studies death from melanoma in Australia has been relatively stable, but remains twice as high for men compared to women (generally older men). Similar trends have been observed for NMSC mortality, primarily involving older Australians. 34-35 This indicates that it is the younger population who have been influenced by essays smoking in public places the primary prevention programs in Australia. To improve these rates to include the entire population, continuing public and professional education is required with specific focus on the elderly. Also, Australia has no formal screening program for skin cancer on a population basis. Pilot programs for regular screening and research are needed to determine the cost-effectiveness of case studies such a screening program. Strategies to optimise cancer prevention in smoking places, Australia. Evaluation of the business studies, literature above indicates that Australia has pioneered in the development of effective cancer prevention programs.

In addition to the emerging strategies mentioned above, some recommended strategies include: 1. Preventing the uptake of smoking in teenage years by introducing a compulsory long-term educational unit on add facebook like theme smoking and its effects in primary school, and ethical case, continuing this unit until the end of high school. This may help induce an anti-smoking behaviour in children from a young age. 2. Incorporation of the National Cancer Prevention Policy 3 in the oncology curriculum of medical students with every medical student required to educate at least one non-oncology patient regarding the preventable risk factors and participation in screening. 3. Medical curriculum change whereby medical students who complete the 5th year in rural clinical school should communicate with a certain number of Indigenous women and other rural women regarding participation in screening.

Future of cancer prevention in computer science help, Australia. The greatest potential gains for reducing cancer incidence and ethical business case, mortality are in primary prevention and early detection. However, there are several ongoing challenges to improving cancer control in Australia. These include the rising incidence of smoking-related cancers in older women and skin cancers in older men, along with poor cancer control in the Indigenous population. Despite these challenges, Australia has been very successful so far in reducing the incidence and mortality rates for several preventable cancers such as cervical cancer.

With the introduction of population-based screening for bowel cancer, as well as the new HPV vaccine, Australia has the potential to essay writing companies further optimise the cancer prevention potential and hopefully lead to a future free of preventable cancers. 1. McAvoy B, Elwood Mark, Staples, M. Cancer in studies, Australia – An update for GPs. Australian Family Physician. Academic Writing Research! 2005;34 Vol. Ethical! 34(1/2):41-5. 2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), Australasian Association of Cancer Registries (AACR), National Cancer Strategies Group (NCSG) McDermid I. Paying Writing! Cancer incidence projections, Australia 2002 to 2011. Canberra: AIHW, AACR NCSG; 2005. 3. The Cancer Council Australia.

National Cancer Prevention Policy 2007?09. NSW: The Cancer Council Australia; 2007. 4. Ethical Business Studies! World Health Organization. Cancer Prevention [online]. [cited 2008 Apr 18]. Available from: URL:

5. National Cancer Institute. Cancer Prevention [online]. Best Writing! 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 20]. Available from: URL: 6. VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control. Tobacco control: a blue chip investment in public health. Melbourne: Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria; 2003. 7. Sydney Morning Herald. Speech at Harvard by Bill Gates [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Apr 18]. Available from: URL:

8. US Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Smoking and Health: A report of the Surgeon General. US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Service, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Office on Smoking and Health. Business Studies! DHEW Publication; 1979. 9. Centre for Health Promotion, Women’s and Children’s hospital.

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